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U+6728, 木
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6728

[U+6727]
ЦЈК јединствени идеограми
[U+6729]
U+2F4A, ⽊
KANGXI RADICAL TREE

[U+2F49]
Канџи радикали
[U+2F4B]

Flag of the United Nations.svg међународни


Редослед писања
4 потеза
Редослед писања
木-order.gif

Alternative forms

  • In Hong Kong and Taiwan, when 木 is at the bottom of a character, it is written as 朩 without a hook instead of 木 itself.

Han character

(Kangxi radical 75, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 木 (D), четири-угла 40900, composition𠆢)

  1. Кангци радикал #75, .

Derived characters

Descendants

References

  • KangXi: page 509, карактер 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 14415
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 888, карактер 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 2, страна 1149, карактер 6
  • Unihan data за U+6728

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Историјски облици карактера
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
木-oracle.svg 木-silk.svg 木-seal.svg 木-bigseal.svg
Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески

Pictogram (象形) – a tree: branches on top, roots on the bottom (more visible in earlier forms).

Etymology

No known cognate exists. It can perhaps be compared with Proto-Karen *məŋᴮ (trunk (of a tree); firewood) (Starostin) or Proto-Lolo-Burmese *ʔmuk (stump (of a tree)) (Schuessler, 2007).

The common Sino-Tibetan root for “tree; wood” is *siŋ ~ sik, represented by (“firewood”).

Pronunciation


Нота:
  • ba̍k - vernacular;
  • bo̍k - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Definitions

    1. tree; woody plant
      Синоними:
      /   ―  shù  ―  tree
        ―  guàn  ―  shrub
    2. wood; timber
      /   ―  tou  ―  log
    3. wooden
      桌子 / 桌子  ―  Zhè zhāng zhuōzǐ shì de.  ―  This table is made of wood
    4. simple; plain; slow; emotionless; wooden
      /   ―    ―  plain spoken, slow and inarticulate
    5. coffin
        ―  guān  ―  coffin
        ―  jiù  ―  to die (to enter one's coffin)
    6. (Mandarin, neologism, slang) Eye dialect spelling of .
        ―  yǒuyǒu  ―  innit, damn right
    7. numb
        ―    ―  numb, insensitive
      手指 / 手指  ―  Tā shǒuzhǐ dòng le.  ―  Her fingers were numb with cold.

    Synonyms

    Compounds

    Descendants

    Sino-Xenic ():

    Other:

    • Lü: ᦙᦴᧉ (muu2)

    Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


    Kanji

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings

    Etymology 1

    Kanji за овај терм

    Степен: 1
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spelling

    ⟨ki2 → */kɨ//ki/

    From Стари Јапански (ki2), from Proto-Japonic *kəy. Cognate with Proto-Ryukyuan *ke, whence Southern Amami-Oshima けぃー (kʰɨː), Окинавски きー (kiː), Kunigami きー (kʰiː), Miyako きー (kiː), Yaeyama きー (kiː) and Yonaguni きー (kʰiː).

    Likely developed from fusion of older form (ko, see below) + (i, emphatic nominative particle), similar to the sound changes at work in (kamu → kami, Shinto deity).[1]

    Possibly related with Goguryeo 肹, 斤乙 (*kɨT).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    () (ki

    1. a tree or shrub
    2. wood, timber, lumber
    3. (graph theory, computer science) a tree Галицијски
    4. (theater, sumo, etc.) a clapper used to signal the opening or closing of a match or play
    Idioms

    Etymology 2

    Kanji за овај терм

    Степен: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨ko2 → */kə//ko/

    From Стари Јапански (ko2), from Proto-Japonic *kə.

    Likely the original form of ki above. Obsolete in modern Japanese, never found in isolation; only found in compounds and certain idioms.[1]

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    () (ko

    1. Шаблон:n-g-lite tree; wood
    Derived terms

    Etymology 3

    Kanji за овај терм
    もく
    Степен: 1
    goon

    From Средњи Кинески . The 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading, so likely the original borrowing from Средњи Кинески.

    Compare modern Кантонски (muk6).

    Alternative forms

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (もく) (moku

    1. a tree
    2. Short for 木曜日 (mokuyōbi): Thursday
    3. wood grain
    Derived terms

    Etymology 4

    Kanji за овај терм
    ぼく
    Степен: 1
    kan’on

    From Средњи Кинески . The 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading, so likely a later borrowing from Средњи Кинески.

    Compare literary Мин Нан (bo̍k).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (ぼく) (boku

    1. a tree; more specifically, a living tree
    2. the bent and gnarled trunk or roots of an old tree
    3. wood, lumber
    4. something made of wood
    5. in ancient China, a wooden musical instrument

    Adjective

    (ぼく) (boku-na (adnominal (ぼく) (boku na), adverbial (ぼく) (boku ni))

    1. (derogatory) wooden, as of a person's character or behavior
    2. (derogatory) wooden, as of a person's mental abilities: blockheaded, stupid, dimwitted
    Inflection

    References

    1. 1,0 1,1 Pellard, Thomas (2012), “日琉祖語の分岐年代”, in 琉球諸語と古代日本語に関する比較言語学的研究」ワークショップ[1], page 6
    2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски


    Etymology

    From Средњи Кинески .

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 목〮 (Yale: mwók)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[4] 나모 (Yale: nàmwò) 목〮 (Yale: mwók)

    Pronunciation

    Hanja

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 나무 (namu mok))

    1. Hanja form? of (tree; wood; wooden).
    2. Hanja form? of (Short for 목요일(木曜日) (mogyoil, Thursday).).

    Compounds

    References

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [5]

    Okinawan

    Kanji

    Readings

    Etymology

    /ki//kiː/

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *ke, from Proto-Japonic *kəy.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana きー, rōmaji )

    1. a tree

    References


    Old Japanese

    Etymology 1

    From Proto-Japonic *kəy. Compare Средњи Кинески .

    Likely developed from fusion of older form (ko2, see below) + (i(2), emphatic nominative particle), similar to the sound changes at work in (kamu → kami2, Shinto deity).[1]

    Noun

    (ki2) (kana )

    1. a tree or shrub
    2. wood, timber, lumber
    Descendants
    • Јапански: (ki)

    Etymology 2

    From Proto-Japonic *kə. Compare Средњи Кинески .

    Likely the original form of ⟨ki2 above. Never found in isolation.[1]

    Noun

    (ko2) (kana )

    1. Шаблон:n-g-lite
    Derived terms
    Descendants
    • Јапански: (ko)

    Etymology 3

    Analysis in the Nihon Shoki (720 CE) shows that this variation of ⟨ki2 is not limited to Eastern dialects.

    Noun

    (ke2) (kana )

    1. (regional, Northern Eastern Стари Јапански, Southern Eastern Old Japanese) Шаблон:n-g-lite
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4375), text here
        麻都能乃奈美多流美礼波伊波妣等乃和例乎美於久流等多多理之母己呂
        matu no2 ke2 no2 nami1taru mi1reba ipabi1to2 no2 ware wo mi1okuru to2 tatari si moko2ro2
        Looking at the pine trees all in a row, they were just like the people from the household standing to see me off
    Derived terms

    References

    1. 1,0 1,1 Pellard, Thomas (2012), “日琉祖語の分岐年代”, in 琉球諸語と古代日本語に関する比較言語学的研究」ワークショップ[2], page 6

    Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Вијетнамски


    Han character

    : Hán Việt readings: mộc-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn ((mạc)(bốc)(thiết))
    : Nôm readings: mọc-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn;btcn;taberd, mốc-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn;btcn;taberd, mộc-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn;taberd, móc-tdcndg;gdhn;btcn;taberd, mục-gdhn;btcn;taberd, chúc-tdcntd

    1. Hán tự form of mộc, “tree; wood

    Compounds

    References



    (кинески)

    Објашњење.

    Изговор:

    пинјин:  
    Аудио: Loudspeaker.svg(датотека)
    Шаблон:zh-cir

    Радикал:

    75

    Значења:

    ...

    Примери:

    1. 12 使蓮如使 朽爛[1]
      1. 12 Wǒ shǐ yǐ fǎ liánrú chóng zhù zhī wù, shǐ yóu dàjiā rú xiǔlàn zhī mù.
        1. 12. Зато ћу ја бити Јефрему као мољац и као црв дому Јудином.

    Синоними:

    ...


    Хомофони:

    ...

    Хомографи:

    ...

    ХСК ниво:

    ...

    Асоцијације:

    ...

    Изведене речи:

    ...


    Сродни чланци са Википедије:


    Преводи

    Референце

    Шаблон:Kateg

    074 076

    Листа 木: