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U+624B, 手
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-624B

[U+624A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+624C]
⼿ U+2F3F, ⼿
KANGXI RADICAL HAND

[U+2F3E]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F40]
🈐 U+1F210, 🈐
SQUARED CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-624B
[unassigned: U+1F203–U+1F20F]
🈂
[U+1F202]
Enclosed Ideographic Supplement 🈑
[U+1F211]

Flag of the United Nations.svg међународни


Редослед писања
4 потеза
Редослед писања
手-order.gif

Alternative forms

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)

Han character

(Kangxi radical 64, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 手 (Q), четири-угла 20500, composition𠂌)

  1. Кангци радикал #64, ⼿.

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 416, карактер 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 11768
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 762, карактер 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 3, страна 1824, карактер 1
  • Unihan data за U+624B

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠂿

Glyph origin

Историјски облици карактера
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
手-silk.svg 手-slip.svg 手-ancient.svg 手-seal.svg 手-bigseal.svg
Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески

Pictogram (象形) – hand and fingers. The top stroke is the bent over middle finger, while the horizontal strokes are each two fingers. Compare , , .

Note that unlike the other hand/claw characters, has consistently had five fingers: a mammalian/human hand, as opposed to the three digits often found in the others.

Compare also (“foot”), derived from a footprint, originally composed of 3 toes and a sole.

Etymology

STEDT compares this word to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-(t)sjəw-k/ŋ (wing; hand) based on Karlgren's Archaic Chinese (Old Chinese) reconstruction *śi̯ôg, connecting it to Тибетански གཤོག (gshog, wing).

However, this comparison is not supported by more recent scholarship, in which the Old Chinese is reconstructed with an alveolar nasal (Unger, 1995; Zhengzhang, 1995; Baxter and Sagart, 2014). Evidence for the nasal initial is given in Sagart (1999):

  • (“handcuffs”) can be written as , so (OC *ᵇhnruʔ) (with a nasal initial) and seem to be interchangeable as phonetics.
  • The ancient graph resembles the graph of (“right hand”). (OC *ᵇnruʔ, “animal track; claw”) seems to be the modern specialized form of , which has been borrowed to represent an earthly branch.

As done by Sagart (1999), Baxter and Sagart (2014) put (OC *n̥<r>uʔ, “handcuffs”) and (OC *Cə.n<r>uʔ, “animal track; claw”) into the same word family as (OC *n̥uʔ). Zhengzhang (1995) suggests a connection to Бурмански ညှိုး (hnyui:, forefinger), which STEDT derives from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-njuŋ ~ *s-m-juŋ ~ *s-m-juw (finger).

Alternatively, Schuessler (2007) suggests a tone B endoactive derivation from (OC *nhiu?, “to take; to gather”), literally “that which is doing the taking”.

Pronunciation


Нота:
  • chhiú - vernacular;
  • siú - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Definitions

    1. hand (Класификатор: m c mn;  m mn;  c)
    2. expert; master
        ―  gāoshǒu  ―  master
    3. -ist; -er
        ―  shǒu  ―  singer
    4. convenient; handy; portable
      /   ―  shǒu  ―  mobile phone
      /   ―  shǒu  ―  handbook
    5. handwritten
    6. Classifier for skills.
    7. Classifier for transactions.
    8. (Min Nan) luck in gambling
    9. (Mainland China Hokkien) Classifier for Chinese characters.
    10. (Taiwanese Hokkien) hidden part (general)

    See also

    Usage notes

    In many varieties of Chinese south of the Yangtze River, (shǒu) refers to the arm and hand collectively.

    Compounds

    Descendants

    Sino-Xenic ():

    Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


    Kanji

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings

    Compounds

    Etymology 1

    Kanji за овај терм

    Степен: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Стари Јапански.

    Possibly derived from a fusion of unbound apophonic form (ta) +‎ (i, emphatic nominal particle). Compare (ma → me, eye).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    () (te

    1. a hand
      リンゴ()()
      ringo o te ni motsu
      to hold an apple in one's hand
      ()()モールス
      te-uchi no Mōrusu
      manually-keyed Morse code
    2. a handle, grip
    3. a paw, foreleg
    4. a way of acting, means
      その()あったか。
      Sono te ga atta ka.
      You could do it that way too?
      ()のも(ひと)()である。
      Kau no mo hitotsu no te de aru.
      Another way is buying it.
    5. (board games) a move, play
      • 2002 март 9, Hotta, Yumi; Obata, Takeshi, “だい131ひゃくさんじゅういちきょく ためされるすみ [Game 131: Isumi’s Endeavor]”, in ヒカルの碁 [Hikaru’s Go], volume 16 (fiction), Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN, strana 54:
        まだそんな()(のこ)ってた——(とう)(りょう)(はや)すぎた
        Mada sonna te ga nokotteta—— Tōryō wa hayasugita
        There’s still that move — I gave up too soon
    Derived terms

    Prefix

    () (te-

    1. strengthens the prefixed adjective or adjectival noun
      ()(ばや)い、()(がた)
      tebayai, tegatai
      quick, nimble; firm, steady

    Suffix

    () (-te

    1. one who does the previous word's action: -ist, -er
      (かた)()
      katarite
      narrator
      使(つか)()
      tsukaite
      user
    2. (board games) counter for moves in shogi, go, etc.
    Derived terms
    See also

    Etymology 2

    Kanji за овај терм
    しゅ
    Степен: 1
    goon

    From Средњи Кинески

    Affix

    (しゅ) (shu

    1. hand
    2. handwork
    3. handicraft, skill, talent
    4. one who does an action: -ist, -er
    Derived terms

    References

    1. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски


    Etymology

    From Средњи Кинески .

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 슈ᇢ〯 (Yale: syǔw)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[3] 손〮 (Yale: swón) 슈〮 (Yale: syú)

    Pronunciation

    • (hand; person; etc.):
    • (in 수건 (手巾, sugeon)):
      • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰu(ː)]
      • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
        • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

    Hanja

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (son su))

    1. Hanja form? of (hand).
    2. Hanja form? of (suffix related to one's skill or occupation).

    Compounds

    References

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [4]

    Kunigami

    Kanji

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana てぃー, romaji thī)

    1. a hand

    Miyako

    Kanji

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana てぃー, romaji )

    1. a hand

    Okinawan

    Kanji

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings

    Compounds

    Etymology

    Cognate with Јапански (te).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana てぃー, rōmaji )

    1. a hand
    2. a handle, grip
    3. a skill, ability, means; especially in martial arts

    Derived terms

    References


    Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Вијетнамски


    Han character

    : Hán Việt readings: thủ-tdcntd;gdhn;bonet ((thư)(cửu)(thiết))
    : Nôm readings: thủ-tdcntd;bonet;genibrel;taberd

    1. Hán tự form of thủ, “hand

    Compounds

    References



    Yaeyama

    Kanji

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana てぃー, romaji )

    1. a hand

    Yonaguni

    Kanji

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana てぃー, romaji )

    1. a hand

    (кинески)

    Објашњење.

    Изговор:

    пинјин: shǒu  
    Аудио: Loudspeaker.svg(датотека)
    Шаблон:zh-cir

    Радикал:

    ⼿ 064

    Шаблон:Karakter

    Значења:

    ...

    Примери:

    Викицитати1. Мојсијева, глава 9

    Синоними:

    ...


    Хомофони:

    ...

    Хомографи:

    ...

    ХСК ниво:

    ...

    Асоцијације:

    ...

    Изведене речи:

    1. 一手 (yīshǒu)
    2. 上手 (shàngshǒu)
    3. 下手 (xiàshǒu)
    4. 丟手丢手
    5. 乏手
    6. 了手
    7. 二手 (èrshǒu)
    8. 二手貨二手货 (èrshǒuhuò)
    9. 交手 (jiāoshǒu)
    10. 人手 (rénshǒu)
    11. 代手
    12. 伏手
    13. 伴手
    14. 伸手 (shēnshǒu)
    15. 住手 (zhùshǒu)
    16. 佛手 (fóshǒu)
    17. 佛手瓜 (fóshǒuguā)
    18. 作手
    19. 來手来手
    20. 侮手
    21. 信手 (xìnshǒu)
    22. 倒手
    23. 借手
    24. 假手
    25. 偏手
    26. 做手
    27. 先手 (xiānshǒu)
    28. 入手 (rùshǒu)
    29. 兩手两手 (liǎngshǒu)
    30. 凶手



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