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CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76F8

[U+76F7]
ЦЈК јединствени идеограми
[U+76F9]

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Редослед писања
9 потеза

Han character

(Kangxi radical 109, +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 木月山 (DBU), четири-угла 46900, composition)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 800, карактер 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 23151
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 1216, карактер 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 4, страна 2470, карактер 13
  • Unihan data за U+76F8

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески
*sraŋ
*sraŋ
*sraŋ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (tree) +  (eye) – looking at, or watching the tree.

Etymology

An allofam is (“each other; mutually; all; to observe; to assist”) (Gong, 1995; Schuessler, 2007).

Derivative: (“to think”) (“appearance > to visualise > to think”).

Pronunciation 1


Нота:
  • siong/siang - literary;
  • saⁿ/sio/sa - vernacular;
  • siuⁿ/sioⁿ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 相思).
Нота:
  • siang1 - literary;
  • sio1/siê1 - vernacular (siê1 - Chaozhou).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /siɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /siɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /siaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiāng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    soeng1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiāng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]aŋ/
    English mutually

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

    Definitions

    1. to see for oneself; to evaluate by seeing for oneself
      女婿  ―  xiāng nǚxù  ―  assess the suitability of a prospective son-in-law or husband
    2. mutually; reciprocally; towards each other; one another
        ―  xiāngwàng  ―  to look at each other
        ―  xiāngféng  ―  to meet by chance
    3. together; jointly
    4. successively; one after another
    5. towards; to
    6. A презиме​..

    Compounds

    Pronunciation 2


    Нота:
    • soeng3-2 - “photo; picture”.
    Нота:
    • lhiang1* - “photo; picture”.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Мин Нан
  • Нота:
    • siòng/siàng - literary;
    • siùⁿ/siòⁿ/siàuⁿ - vernacular.
    Нота:
    • siang3 - literary;
    • sion3/siên3 - vernacular (siên3 - Chaozhou).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɨɐŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /siɐŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /siɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sɨaŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /siaŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭaŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯aŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiàng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    soeng3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiàng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjangH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]aŋ-s/
    English appearance, quality

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

    Definitions

    1. to look at; to examine the appearance and judge; to observe
    2. looks; appearance; features
      /   ―  zhǎngxiàng  ―  facial features
    3. posture; bearing
        ―  zhànxiàng  ―  standing posture
    4. demeanour; manners
        ―  chīxiàng  ―  table manners
    5. photo; picture; photograph (Класификатор: c;  c)
      / [Cantonese]  ―  jing2 gei2 zoeng1 soeng3-2 [Jyutping]  ―  to take a few pictures
    6. phase; exterior; stage; period
    7. (physics) phase
      空間 / 空间  ―  xiàngkōngjiān  ―  phase space
        ―  xiàngwèi  ―  phase
        ―  yuèxiàng  ―  lunar phase
    8. (geology) facies
    9. to physiognomise; to practise physiognomy; to tell fortune by reading the subject's facial features
    10. physiognomy; practice of physiognomy
    11. to choose; to pick
    12. to assist; to help; to oversee
    13. (Chinese mythology) Xiang of Xia Галицијски
    14. (historical) Chancellor of State
    15. (Chinese chess) minister (on the red side)
    16. (historical) master of ceremonies
    17. (historical) attendant
    18. to administer; to govern
    19. to teach; to instruct
    20. a person who guides or leads a blind person
      • Lua грешка in Модул:zh-usex at line 103: variety CL-TW not recognized..
    21. A презиме​..
    Synonyms
    Coordinate terms

    Compounds

    References


    Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


    Kanji

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. mutual, reciprocal, with one another
    2. appearance, look

    Readings

    Compounds

    Etymology 1

    Kanji за овај терм
    あい
    Степен: 3
    kun’yomi
    За изговор и дефиниције од – види あい.
    (Овај појам, , је an alternative spelling of the above terms.)

    (Следећи унос је нестворен: あい.)

    Etymology 2

    Kanji за овај терм
    こもごも
    Степен: 3
    kun’yomi
    За изговор и дефиниције од – види こもごも.
    (Овај појам, , је an alternative spelling of the above terms.)

    (Следећи унос је нестворен: こもごも.)

    Etymology 3

    Kanji за овај терм
    さが
    Степен: 3
    kun’yomi

    From Стари Јапански.

    Pronunciation

    Alternative forms

    Noun

    (さが) (saga

    1. nature, personality
    2. fate, destiny
    3. a habit, custom, or practice
    4. the good and bad of a person; especially, one's faults
    Synonyms

    Etymology 4

    Kanji за овај терм
    しょう
    Степен: 3
    kan’on

    From Средњи Кинески (together, with), from the way that a minister would always be with their lord. Kan'on, so likely a later borrowing than the reading.

    Pronunciation

    Suffix

    (しょう) (-shōしゃう (syau)?

    1. minister of state
      (しゅ)(しょう)
      shushō
      prime minister
      (ない)(しょう)
      naishō
      minister of the interior
    Synonyms

    Etymology 5

    Kanji за овај терм
    そう
    Степен: 3
    goon

    From Средњи Кинески. Goon, so likely an earlier borrowing than the shō reading.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (そう) (さう (sau)?

    1. appearance, how something looks
    2. an aspect of something
      (だい)()(ぜん)色々(いろいろ)(そう)
      daishizen no iroiro na
      various aspects of nature
    3. (grammar) grammatical aspect
    4. (physics) a phase, as of matter
    5. (ikebana) the central supporting branch of an ikebana arrangement
    Related terms

    References

    1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2,0 2,1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски


    Etymology 1

    From Средњи Кинески (MC sɨɐŋ, “mutual; together”).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 Recorded as Middle Korean 샤ᇰ (Yale: syàng) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 서르 샤ᇰ[2] Recorded as Middle Korean 샤ᇰ (Yale: syàng) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.[1]
    Early Modern Korean
    Text Final (韻) Reading
    Samun Seonghwi, 1751 서ᄅᆞ Шаблон:hanja-juhae
    1. Identical eumhun in Gwangju Cheonjamun and Sinjeung Yuhap.
    2. 本平聲 [Level tone]

    Pronunciation

    Hanja

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 서로 (seoro sang))

    1. Hanja form? of (mutual; together).

    Compounds

    Etymology 2

    From Средњи Кинески (MC sɨɐŋH, “appearance”).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 Recorded as Middle Korean 샤ᇰ〮 (Yale: syáng) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[3] ᄌᆡ〯샤ᇰ〮[1] 샤ᇰ〮 Recorded as Middle Korean 샤ᇰ〮 (Yale: syáng) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.
    Early Modern Korean
    Text Final (韻) Reading
    Samun Seonghwi, 1751 졍승[2] Шаблон:hanja-juhae
    1. 宰相 [Chancellor of State]
    2. 政丞 [Minister]

    Pronunciation

    Hanja

    (eumhun 바탕 (batang sang))

    1. Hanja form? of (looks; appearance).
    2. Hanja form? of (minister of state).

    Compounds

    References

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [4]

    Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Вијетнамски


    Han character

    1. Овај израз захтева дефиницију. Молим вас помозите и додајте превод, затим уклоните текст {{rfdef}}.

    (кинески)

    Објашњење.

    Изговор:

    пинјин: xiāng  
    Аудио: Loudspeaker.svg(датотека)
    Шаблон:zh-cir

    Радикал:

    109

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