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Regular Style CJKV Radical 085 (0).svg
U+6C34, 水
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C34

[U+6C33]
ЦЈК јединствени идеограми
[U+6C35]
U+2F54, ⽔
KANGXI RADICAL WATER

[U+2F53]
Канџи радикали
[U+2F55]
Commons:Category
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Редослед писања
4 потеза
Редослед писања
水-order.gif

Alternative forms

  • (when used as a left radical)
  • (when used in characters such as )

Han character

(Kangxi radical 85, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 水 (E), четири-угла 12230, composition𰛄丿(GJKV) or ⿰𰛅(GJKV) or ⿰𰛄丿(HT))

  1. Кангци радикал #85, .

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 603, карактер 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 17083
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 992, карактер 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 3, страна 1545, карактер 1
  • Unihan data за U+6C34

Further reading


Central Bai

Шаблон:rfv

Noun

(xuix)

  1. hanzi form of xuix
    • 1450, Yang Fu (楊黼), 《詞記山花——咏蒼洱境》:
      煴煊茶㱔呼𪢂
      Boiling tea water, greeting each other.

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𡿭
𣸕

Glyph origin

Историјски облици карактера
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
水-oracle.svg 水-bronze-warring.svg 水-silk.svg 水-slip.svg 水-seal.svg 水-bigseal.svg
Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески

Pictogram (象形) – compare (chuān).

Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Писано Стандардни Кинески?)
  • (Кантонски)
  • (Класични)
  • (Ган)
  • súi (Hakka)
  • cūi (Мин Донг)
  • chúi (Мин Нан)
  • (Ву)

Etymology 1

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lwi(j) (flow; stream) (Benedict, 1974; Coblin, 1986; Handel, 1998; Schuessler, 2007; STEDT). Cognate with Mizo lui (stream; brook; river), Tedim Chin [script needed] (luːi³, stream; river), Jingpho lawi (to flow (as water)).

Old Chinese (OC lhuiʔ) (minimally reconstructed) is Sino-Tibetan root's endoactive derivation with suffix *-ʔ, meaning "that which is flowing"; its voiceless initial suggests the presence of a nominalizing prefix *k- or *s-. Another derivative from the Sino-Tibetan root is possibly (OC winʔ, “to flow”) (minimally reconstructed).

Compare also areal etymon Proto-Mon-Khmer *lujʔ ~ luuj() ~ luəj() ~ ləəj() (to wade; to swim).

Alternatively, Gong (1995) reconstructs Old Chinese *hljədx and compares it to Тибетански ཆུ (chu, water), which STEDT derives from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsju (water; liquid; bodily fluid). Baxter and Sagart (2014), employing evidence from Proto-Min, reconstructs Old Chinese *s.turʔ and compares it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *twəj (to flow; to suppurate), which is likely related to *m-t(w)əj-n ~ m-ti-s (water; fluid; to soak; to be wet) (STEDT). Like Gong (1995), Sagart (2017) compares it to Тибетански ཆུ (chu), but he also compares it to Bodo (India) दै, Mizo tui, Proto-Karen *thejᴬ, all of which STEDT derives from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-t(w)əj-n ~ m-ti-s. Handel deems derivations from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsju or *m-t(w)əj-n ~ m-ti-s unlikely because of phonological issues (STEDT).

Pronunciation


Нота:
  • cūi - literary (common);
  • cṳ̄ - vernacular (only used in some words as the first syllable).
  • Мин Нан
  • Нота:
    • chúi - vernacular;
    • súi - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Definitions

    1. water (Класификатор: m;  c;  m c;  m c;  m c;  m c)
      謝謝 [MSC, trad.]
      谢谢 [MSC, simp.]
      Qǐng gěi wǒ yī bēi shuǐ, xièxiè. [Pinyin]
      A glass of water, please.
    2. liquid; potion; juice
        ―  kǒushuǐ  ―  saliva
        ―  yángshuǐ  ―  amniotic fluid
      眼藥 / 眼药  ―  yǎnyàoshuǐ  ―  eyedrop
    3. (colloquial, chiefly Singapore, Malaysia) Synonym of 飲料饮料 (“beverage”).
      什麼 / 什么  ―  Yào jiào shénme shuǐ?  ―  What beverage do you want to order?
      什物 [Min Nan]  ―  Beh kiò sím物 chúi? [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  What beverage do you want to order?
    4. (archaic) river
      /   ―  Hànshuǐ  ―  the Han River
    5. body of water
        ―  shuǐ  ―  waterway
      /   ―  sān miàn huán shuǐ  ―  to be surrounded by (bodies of) water on three sides
    6. flood
      /   ―  shuǐ  ―  to flood
    7. additional cost or income
    8. (dialectal) rain
    9. (Cantonese) money (Класификатор: 𫩥)
      [Cantonese]  ―  bong6 seoi2 [Jyutping]  ―  to pay
      [Cantonese]  ―  loek6-1 seoi2 [Jyutping]  ―  to obtain money dishonestly
      / 𫩥 [Cantonese]  ―  saam1 gau6 seoi2 [Jyutping]  ―  three hundred dollars
    10. to swim
        ―  shuǐxìng  ―  swimming ability
    11. (colloquial) lacking substance or power; worthless
      這裡大學 [MSC, trad.]
      这里大学 [MSC, simp.]
      Zhèlǐ de dàxué tài shuǐ le. [Pinyin]
      The universities here are too weak.
    12. Short for 划水 (“to shirk; to slack off”).
    13. one of the five elements of Wu Xing (五行)
    14. (colloquial) Classifier for the number of times clothing was washed.
    15. Sui people
      /   ―  shuǐshū  ―  Shuishu (the traditional writing system of the Sui people)
    16. A презиме​..
    Synonyms

    Compounds

    Descendants

    Etymology 2

    За изговор и дефиниције од – види (“Min Nan: pretty; beautiful”).
    (Овај character, , је a variant облик од .)

    References


    Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


    Kanji

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings

    Compounds

    Etymology 1

    Јапански Википедија има чланак на:
    Википедија ja
    Kanji за овај терм
    みず
    Степен: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨mi1du⟩ → */mʲidu//mid͡zu//mizu/

    From Стари Јапански, from Proto-Japonic *mentu. Cognate with Proto-Ryukyuan *mezu.

    Possibly cognate with (mizu, freshness, youth).

    Possible cognate with Proto-Tungusic *mū, Jurchen 木克 (mu-ke /muke/), Manchu ᠮᡠᡴᡝ (muke), Goguryeo (*me, river; water), Монголски мөрөн (mörön, river), Корејски (mul, water).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (みず) (mizuみづ (midu)?

    1. water Галицијски
      Синонимs: ウオーター (uōtā), ウォーター (wōtā), (Tsugaru) がっこ (gakko)
      Antonym: (yu, specifically meaning "hot water")
    2. drinking water
      Синонимs: 飲水 (insui, nomimizu), 飲用水 (in'yōsui), 飲料水 (inryōsui)
    3. a fluid, liquid
      Синоним: 液体 (ekitai)
    4. a flood
      Синонимs: 大水 (ōmizu), 洪水 (kōzui), 出水 (shussui)
    5. (sumo) Short for 水入り (mizuiri): halting
    6. (sumo) Short for 力水 (chikara mizu): water offered to sumo wrestlers before a bout

    Usage notes

    Note that, while mizu is the most general Japanese term for “water”, it does refer specifically to “water that is not hot”. Meanwhile, the word (yu) refers specifically to “hot water”. Consider 水風呂 (mizu-buro, cold-water bath), contrasting with 風呂 (furo, bath, implying hot water).

    Derived terms
    Idioms
    Proverbs

    Prefix

    (みず) (mizu-みづ (midu)?

    1. water
    Derived terms

    Proper noun

    (みず) (mizuみづ (midu)?

    1. a female given name
    2. a презиме​.

    Etymology 2

    Kanji за овај терм

    Степен: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨mi1 → */mʲi//mi/

    From Стари Јапански.

    Typically found in compounds.[2]

    Affix

    () (mi

    1. Combining form of みず (mizu) above
    Derived terms

    Etymology 3

    Kanji за овај терм
    すい
    Степен: 1
    on’yomi

    /ɕuwi/ → */suwi//sui/

    From Средњи Кинески .

    Compare modern Мандарин (shuǐ), modern Хака (súi).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (すい) (sui

    1. water: one of the five classical elements in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine
    2. Short for 水曜日 (suiyōbi): Wednesday
    3. shaved ice served with flavored syrup
      Синоним: 氷水 (kōrimizu)

    Affix

    (すい) (sui

    1. water
    2. body of water
    3. fluid, liquid
    4. Short for 水素 (suiso): hydrogen
    Derived terms

    Proper noun

    (すい) (sui

    1. a female given name

    Etymology 4

    Kanji за овај терм
    もい
    Степен: 1
    Irregular

    ⟨mopi1 → */mopʲi//moɸi//mowi//moi/

    From Стари Јапански. Via metonymy from the word , (moi, bowl), from the meaning of “that which goes in the , (moi, bowl)”.[1][2]

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (もい) (moiもひ (mofi)?

    1. (obsolete) drinking water
    Derived terms

    See also

    References

    1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2,0 2,1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

    Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски


    Etymology

    From Средњи Кинески .

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᄉᆔᆼ〯 (Yale: syǔy)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] 믈〮 (Yale: múl) 슈〮 (Yale: syú)

    Pronunciation

    Hanja

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (mul su))

    1. Hanja form? of (water).
    2. Hanja form? of (Short for 수요일(水曜日) (suyoil, Wednesday).).

    Compounds

    References


    Lama Bai

    Шаблон:rfv

    Noun

    (ɕy³³)

    1. hanzi form of ɕy³³ (water)

    Miyako

    Kanji

    Etymology

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *mezu.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana みず, rōmaji [[mizu, mikɯ#Miyako|mizu, mikɯ]])

    1. water

    References


    Northern Amami-Oshima

    Kanji

    Etymology

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *mezu.

    Noun

    (hiragana むぃずぃ, rōmaji mïzï)

    1. water

    Oki-No-Erabu

    Kanji

    Etymology

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *mezu.

    Noun

    (hiragana みじ, rōmaji miji)

    1. water

    References


    Okinawan

    Kanji

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings

    Compounds

    Etymology

    From earlier (midu → midzu → mizu), attested in 1711 in the 混効験集 (Konkōkenshū), itself from Proto-Ryukyuan *mezu.

    The word underwent a pronunciation change due to the shifting of /u/ to /i/ after alveolar consonants.

    Cognate with Јапански (mizu), Стари Јапански (mi1du).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana みじ, rōmaji miji)

    1. water

    Derived terms

    References


    Southern Amami-Oshima

    Kanji

    Etymology

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *mezu.

    Noun

    (hiragana むぃでぃ, rōmaji mïdi)

    1. water

    Southern Bai

    Шаблон:rfv

    Noun

    (ɕy³³)

    1. hanzi form of ɕy³³ (water)

    Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Вијетнамски


    Han character

    : Hán Việt readings: thủy-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn;bonet;genibrel/thuỷ-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn;bonet;genibrel ((thức)(quỹ)(thiết))
    : Nôm readings: thủy-tdcndg;tdcntd;bonet;taberd/thuỷ-tdcndg;tdcntd;bonet;taberd, nước-tdcntd

    1. Hán tự form of thuỷ, “water
    2. (uncommon) Nôm form of nước (water).

    Compounds

    References



    Yonaguni

    Kanji

    Etymology

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *mezu.

    Possibly also related to Корејски (mul), Middle Korean (mil, water).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana みん, rōmaji min, hiragana みーん, rōmaji mīn)

    1. water

    References


    Yoron

    Kanji

    Etymology

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *mezu.

    Possibly also related to Корејски (mul), Middle Korean (mil, water).

    Noun

    (hiragana みじ, rōmaji miji)

    1. water

    References