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Gw u65e5-g.svg
U+65E5, 日
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65E5

[U+65E4]
ЦЈК јединствени идеограми
[U+65E6]
U+2F47, ⽇
KANGXI RADICAL SUN

[U+2F46]
Канџи радикали
[U+2F48]
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日-order.gif

Han character

(Kangxi radical 72, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 日 (A), четири-угла 60100, composition)

  1. Кангци радикал #72, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №231

Usage notes

  • Not to be confused with (Kangxi radical #73), which is generally wider and shorter.

Derived characters

Descendants

References

  • KangXi: page 489, карактер 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 13733
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 848, карактер 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 2, страна 1482, карактер 1
  • Unihan data за U+65E5

Further reading


Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


Glyph origin

Историјски облици карактера
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
日-oracle.svg 日-silk.svg 日-seal.svg 日-bigseal.svg
Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески
*niːɡ
*niɡ, *njiɡ
*njiɡ

Pictogram (象形) – the Sun. A dot or line was added in the centre to distinguish it from visually similar characters, e.g. (early form of ). Compare earlier forms of the character with the astronomical and astrological symbol for the Sun () and the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓇳.

Etymology 1

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-nəj. Cognate to Тибетански ཉི་མ (nyi ma, sun, day), Бурмански နေ့ (ne., day), S'gaw Karen နံၤ (, day), and Sichuan Yi (nyip, day, daytime).

Pronunciation


Нота:
  • ngit5 - literary;
  • ngit1 - “day”;
  • ngit4* - “daytime”.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Нота: mì - only used in 日頭.
    Нота: ji̍t - pronounced in some parts of Anxi, Nan'an and Yongchun counties as well.
    Нота:
    • rig8 - Chaozhou, Shantou, Chaoyang, Chenghai, Raoping;
    • rêg8 - Jieyang.
  • Wu
  • Нота:
    • 5nyiq - vernacular;
    • 5zeq - literary.
  • Xiang
  • Нота:
    • nyi6 - vernacular;
    • r6 - literary.

    Definitions

    1. (star) Sun
    2. daytime; time between sunrise and sunset
        ―  bān  ―  day shift
      Antonyms: , 夜間夜间, 夜晚, 晚上
    3. day; twenty-four hours
    4. everyday; daily; day-to-day
    5. day of the month
      三月  ―  sān yuè sì   ―  March 4
      Синоними:
    6. some day; some other time
    7. former times; previous times; the past
    8. time; period; age
    9. Classifier for days.
    10. Short for 日本 (Rìběn, “Japan; Japanese; Nippo-”):
      詞典 / 词典  ―  zhōng cídiǎn  ―  Chinese-Japanese dictionary
    11. Alternative form of (èr, “two”).
    12. (obsolete) Short for 日斯巴尼亞日斯巴尼亚 (“Spain”).
    13. () (Chinese linguistics) the Middle Chinese initial of
    Synonyms

    Compounds

    Descendants

    Sino-Xenic ():

    Etymology 2

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms

    Essentially a substitute character for (“to enter”) that preserves the expected modern pronunciation of ; see the etymology there for more.

    Pronunciation


    Definitions

    1. (dialectal Mandarin, dialectal Jin, dialectal Wu, dialectal Xiang, vulgar, often in abuses) to fuck; to have sexual intercourse with
        ―  gǒu  ―  fucking
    Synonyms

    Etymology 3

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation

    Definitions

    1. Only used in , a Han dynasty-era personal name borne by Jin Midi (金日磾) and Ma Midi (馬日磾).

    Etymology 4

    За изговор и дефиниције од – види .
    (Овај character, , је an ancient облик од .)

    References


    Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


    Kanji

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings

    Compounds

    Etymology 1

    Kanji за овај терм
    にち
    Степен: 1
    goon

    /nʲitɨ//nit͡ɕi/

    From Средњи Кинески .

    The 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading, so likely the initial borrowing from Средњи Кинески.

    Pronunciation

    Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

    Noun

    (にち) (nichi

    1. Short for 日曜日 (nichiyōbi): Sunday

    Counter

    (にち) (-nichi

    1. ordinal day of a month
      27(にじゅうしち)(にち)nijūshichi-nichithe 27th
    2. number of days
      (たん)(じょう)()まであと12(じゅうに)(にち)tanjōbi made ato jūni-nichi daMy birthday is in 12 days.
    Usage notes

    Sometimes shortened to んち (​-nchi) or (​-chi).

    Derived terms
    See also
    Japanese number-counter combinations for
    1(st) 2(nd) 3(rd) 4(th) 5(th) 6(th) 7(th) 8(th) 9(th) 10(th)
    How many? (いち)(にち) (ichinichi) (ふつ)() (futsuka) (みっ)() (mikka) (よっ)() (yokka) (いつ)() (itsuka) (むい)() (muika) (なの)() (nanoka)
    (なぬ)() (nanuka)
    (よう)() (yōka) (ここの)() (kokonoka) (とお)() (tōka)
    What day? 一日(ついたち) (tsuitachi)
    (いっ)() (ippi)
    11(th) 12(th) 13(th) 14(th) 15(th) 16(th) 17(th) 18(th) 19(th) 20(th)
    (じゅう)(いち)(にち) (jūichinichi) (じゅう)()(にち) (jūninichi) (じゅう)(さん)(にち) (jūsannichi) (じゅう)(よっ)() (jūyokka) (じゅう)()(にち) (jūgonichi) (じゅう)(ろく)(にち) (jūrokunichi) (じゅう)(しち)(にち) (jūshichinichi) (じゅう)(はち)(にち) (jūhachinichi) (じゅう)()(にち) (jūkunichi) 二十(はつ)() (hatsuka)
    24(th) 27(th) 29(th) 30(th) 40(th) 50(th) 100(th) 1,000(th) 10,000(th) ?
    ()(じゅう)(よっ)() (nijūyokka) ()(じゅう)(しち)(にち) (nijūshichinichi) ()(じゅう)()(にち) (nijūkunichi) (さん)(じゅう)(にち) (sanjūnichi)
    ()()() (misoka)
    ()(じゅう)(にち) (shijūnichi)
    ()()() (yosoka)
    ()(じゅう)(にち) (gojūnichi)
    五十()() (ika)
    (ひゃく)(にち) (hyakunichi)
    (もも)() (momoka)
    (せん)(にち) (sennichi) (いち)(まん)(にち) (ichimannichi) (なん)(にち) (nannichi)

    Affix

    (にち) (nichi

    1. sun
    2. daytime, daylight
    3. day
    4. Short for 日本 (Nihon, Nippon): Japan, Japanese, Nippo-
    5. Short for 日向国 (Hyūga-no-kuni): Hyūga Province
    Derived terms

    Etymology 2

    Kanji за овај терм
    じつ
    Степен: 1
    kan’on

    /d͡ʑitʉ//d͡ʑit͡su//ʑit͡su/

    From Средњи Кинески . The 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading, so likely a later borrowing from Средњи Кинески.

    Compare modern Мин Нан (ji̍t).

    Pronunciation

    Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

    Affix

    (じつ) (jitsu

    1. sun
    2. day
    Derived terms

    Etymology 3

    Kanji за овај терм

    Степен: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨pi1 → */pʲi//ɸi//hi/

    From Стари Јапански.

    Alternative forms

    • (sun, sunlight, daytime):

    Pronunciation

    • (file)

    Noun

    () (hi

    1. the sun
      Синонимs: 太陽 (taiyō), 日輪 (nichirin)
    2. sunlight, sunshine
      Синоним: 日光 (nikkō)
    3. daytime, daylight
      Синоним: 昼間 (hiruma)
    4. a day
    5. time and date
    6. a daily Галицијски
      Синонимs: 日々 (hibi), 毎日 (mainichi)
    7. the weather
      Синоним: 天気 (tenki)
    8. a Галицијски case, event, situation
    9. the times Галицијски
      Синонимs: (koro), 時代 (jidai)
    10. an auspicious or inauspicious aspect of a given day
      Синоним: 日柄 (higara)
    11. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with a sun-shaped design
    Derived terms

    Etymology 4

    Kanji за овај терм

    Степен: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Стари Јапански.

    Counter

    () (-ka

    1. daytimes
    2. number of days
    Derived terms

    References

    1. 1,0 1,1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски


    Etymology

    From Средњи Кинески .

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᅀᅵᇙ〮 (Yale: zílq)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] 날〮 (Yale: nál) ᅀᅵᆯ〮 (Yale: zíl)

    Pronunciation

    Hanja

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (nal il))

    1. Hanja form? of (day).
    2. Hanja form? of (sun; daytime).
    3. Hanja form? of (Short for 일요일(日曜日) (iryoil, Sunday).).

    Compounds

    Proper noun

    Hanja in this term

    (Il) (hangeul )

    1. (in news headlines) Short for '"`UNIQtemplatestyles0000000DQINU`"' (Ilbon, Japan).

    Usage notes

    In news headlines, this is almost always written solely in the Hanja form, even in contemporary Korean text otherwise devoid of any Hanja.

    References

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Okinawan

    Kanji

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings

    Compounds


    Old Japanese

    Compounds

    Etymology 1

    From Proto-Japonic *pi.

    Distinct from (pi2, fire). See Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai for details on Стари Јапански readings.

    Noun

    (pi1) (kana )

    1. the sun
    2. sunlight, sunshine
    3. daytime, daylight
    4. a day
    5. a reference to the imperial family or lineage, thought to be descended from the sun goddess Amaterasu
    Derived terms

    See 日/derived terms § Old_Japanese_etymology_1.

    Descendants
    • Јапански: , (hi)
    See also

    Etymology 2

    Шаблон:rfe-lite

    Suffix

    (-ka) (kana )

    1. daytimes
    2. number of days
    Derived terms

    See 日/derived terms § Old_Japanese_etymology_2.

    Descendants
    • Јапански: (-ka)

    Etymology 3

    Apophonic form of ka above, possibly by the fusion of ancient nominal particle (i).

    Noun

    (ke2) (kana )

    1. (plural only) days
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 4, poem 484), text here
        一日社人母待吉長乎如此耳待者有不得勝
        pi1to1pi1 ko2so2 pi1to2 mo mati yo2ki1 nagaki1 ke2 wo kaku nomi2 mateba arikatu
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    Derived terms

    See 日/derived terms § Old_Japanese_etymology_3.


    Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Вијетнамски


    Han character

    : Hán Việt readings: nhật-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn ((nhân)(chất)(thiết)), nhựt-gdhn
    : Nôm readings: nhặt-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn;btcn;taberd, nhật-tdcndg;tdcntd;taberd, nhạt-tdcntd;gdhn, nhựt-tdcntd;taberd, nhờn-tdcndg

    1. Hán tự form of nhật, “sun; day

    Compounds

    References