日本

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Кинески

 
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
origin
једн. and трад.
(日本)
Буквално: “the sun's origin; where the sun originates”.
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Етимологија[уреди]

This appellation comes from imperial correspondence between the Chinese Sui Dynasty and Japan, and refers to the eastward position of Japan relative to China.

Изговор[уреди]


Note: 5zeq pen - vernacular, 5nyiq pen - literary.

Proper noun[уреди]

日本

  1. Japan
    日本電視劇 / 日本电视剧  ―  Rìběn diànshìjù  ―  Japanese TV drama

Synonyms[уреди]

Derived terms[уреди]

Descendants[уреди]

Sino-Xenic (日本):
  • Japanese:  () (ほん) (Nihon);  (にっ) (ぽん) (Nippon);  (じっ) (ぽん) (Jippon)
  • Korean: 일본 (日本, Ilbon)
  • Vietnamese: Nhật Bản (日本)

Others (incomplete list):

See also[уреди]


Japanese[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

Јапански Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија ja
Kanji in this term
にち > に
Степен: 1
ほん
Степен: 1
Irregular goon

/nitɨpoɴ//nip̚poɴ//niɸoɴ//nihoɴ/

Coined in Japan of Sinic elements, as compound of (nichi, sun) +‎ (hon, origin) and literally meaning "origin of the sun". The hon element was apparently pronounced /poɴ/ when first coined. Over time, the initial /p/ lenited, becoming /f/ as shown in the Nifon entry in the 1603 Nippo Jisho ("Japanese-Portuguese Dictionary").[1] This then became the /h/ sound in modern Japanese.[2][3]

In older texts, this was read as kun'yomi as 日の本 (Hinomoto). The on'yomi readings Nippon and Nihon became more common in the Heian period, with both persisting into modern use.[3] The Nihon reading appears to be the most common in everyday Japanese usage.[4]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Proper noun[уреди]

日本(にほん) (nihon

  1. Short for 日本国 (Nihon-koku): Japan
  2. a ja презиме
Derived terms[уреди]
Descendants[уреди]

Etymology 2[уреди]

Kanji in this term
にち > にっ
Степен: 1
ほん > ぽん
Степен: 1
goon

/nitɨpoɴ//nip̚poɴ/

Phonetic variant of Nihon above, maintaining the /p/ sound.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Proper noun[уреди]

日本(にっぽん) (nippon

  1. Short for 日本国 (Nippon-koku).
  2. a ja презиме
Derived terms[уреди]
Descendants[уреди]
  • Енглески: Nippon (именица)
  • Француски: Nippon (именица), nippon (adjective)

Etymology 3[уреди]

Kanji in this term
じつ > じっ
Степен: 1
ほん > ぽん
Степен: 1
kan’on
*/zitʉpon//zip̚pon//ʑip̚pon/

Uses the kan'on reading jitsu for , as compared to the goon reading nichi. First appears in texts from the early 1600s,[2] notably the 1603 Japanese-Portuguese dictionary Nippo Jisho. Probably influenced by European-language terminology for the country,[2][3] such as Португалски Japão or Холандски Japan, in turn arising from Мин Нан 日本 (Ji̍t-pún) via Малајски Jepun, or from Мин Нан 日本 (Ji̍t-pńg) via Малајски Jepang.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Proper noun[уреди]

日本(じっぽん) (jippon

  1. (archaic) Japan
    • Шаблон:RQ:Nippo Jisho
      Iippon ジッポン (日本) Fino moto. (日の本) 東洋. すなわち、日本.
      (The quoted ii in iippon is the 16th century Portuguese romanization representing [ji].)

Coordinate terms[уреди]

Anagrams[уреди]

See also[уреди]

References[уреди]

  1. Doi, Tadao (1603–1604) Hōyaku Nippo Jisho (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, published 1980, →ISBN.
  2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. 3,0 3,1 3,2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 2012, ニホンVSニッポン 「日本」の読み方、どっちが優勢?, The Nikkei
  5. 5,0 5,1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  6. 6,0 6,1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Корејски[уреди]

Hanja in this term

Властита именица[уреди]

日本 (Ilbon) (hangeul 일본)

  1. Hanja form? of 일본 (Japan).

Стари Јапански[уреди]

Етимологија[уреди]

Alternative kanji for 大和 (やまと) (yamato).

The kanji spelling is influenced by  () (もと) (hi no moto).

Властита именица[уреди]

日本 (Yamato2) (kana やまと)

  1. Alternative spelling of 大和 (Yamato2): Yamato, ancient name of Japan

Изведени термини[уреди]


Вијетнамски[уреди]

Hán tự in this word

Властита именица[уреди]

日本

  1. Hán tự form of Nhật Bản, “Japan