日本

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Шаблон:Titl

 
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
origin
једн. and трад.
(日本)
Буквално: “the sun's origin; where the sun originates”.
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Шаблон:Tit2[уреди]

This appellation comes from imperial correspondence between the Chinese Sui Dynasty and Japan, and refers to the eastward position of Japan relative to China.

Шаблон:Tit2[уреди]


Note: 5zeq pen - vernacular, 5nyiq pen - literary.

Proper noun[уреди]

日本

  1. Japan
    日本電視劇 / 日本电视剧  ―  Rìběn diànshìjù  ―  Japanese TV drama

Synonyms[уреди]

Derived terms[уреди]

Descendants[уреди]

Sino-Xenic (日本):
  • Japanese:  () (ほん) (Nihon);  (にっ) (ぽん) (Nippon);  (じっ) (ぽん) (Jippon)
  • Korean: 일본 (日本, Ilbon)
  • Vietnamese: Nhật Bản (日本)

Others (incomplete list):

See also[уреди]


Japanese[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

Јапански Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија ja
Kanji in this term
にち > に
Степен: 1
ほん
Степен: 1
Irregular goon

/nitɨpoɴ//nip̚poɴ//niɸoɴ//nihoɴ/

Coined in Japan of Sinic elements, as compound of (nichi, sun) +‎ (hon, origin) and literally meaning "origin of the sun". The hon element was apparently pronounced /poɴ/ when first coined. Over time, the initial /p/ lenited, becoming /f/ as shown in the Nifon entry in the 1603 Nippo Jisho ("Japanese-Portuguese Dictionary").[1] This then became the /h/ sound in modern Japanese.[2][3]

In older texts, this was read as kun'yomi as 日の本 (Hinomoto). The on'yomi readings Nippon and Nihon became more common in the Heian period, with both persisting into modern use.[3] The Nihon reading appears to be the most common in everyday Japanese usage.[4]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Proper noun[уреди]

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  1. Шаблон:check deprecated lang param usage Japan
  2. Шаблон:check deprecated lang param usage
Derived terms[уреди]
Descendants[уреди]

Etymology 2[уреди]

Kanji in this term
にち > にっ
Степен: 1
ほん > ぽん
Степен: 1
goon

/nitɨpoɴ//nip̚poɴ/

Phonetic variant of Nihon above, maintaining the /p/ sound.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Proper noun[уреди]

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  1. Шаблон:check deprecated lang param usage
    • Шаблон:RQ:Nippo Jisho
      Nippon ニッポン(日本) Fino moto. (日の本) 日本.
    • Шаблон:check deprecated lang param usage
      ぼくらは (にっ) (ぽん)からきたんだけど…。
      Bokura wa Nippon kara kitan dakedo….
      We’re from Japan, by the way….
      ニッポン?きいたことない。
      Nippon? Kiita koto nai.
      Japan? I’ve never heard of that before.
  2. Шаблон:check deprecated lang param usage
Derived terms[уреди]
Descendants[уреди]
  • Енглески: Nippon (именица)
  • Француски: Nippon (именица), nippon (adjective)

Etymology 3[уреди]

Kanji in this term
じつ > じっ
Степен: 1
ほん > ぽん
Степен: 1
kan’on
*/zitʉpon//zip̚pon//ʑip̚pon/

Uses the kan'on reading jitsu for , as compared to the goon reading nichi. First appears in texts from the early 1600s,[2] notably the 1603 Japanese-Portuguese dictionary Nippo Jisho. Probably influenced by European-language terminology for the country,[2][3] such as Португалски Japão or Холандски Japan, in turn arising from Мин Нан 日本 (Ji̍t-pún) via Малајски Jepun, or from Мин Нан 日本 (Ji̍t-pńg) via Малајски Jepang.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Proper noun[уреди]

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  1. (archaic) Japan
    • Шаблон:RQ:Nippo Jisho
      Iippon ジッポン (日本) Fino moto. (日の本) 東洋. すなわち、日本.
      (The quoted ii in iippon is the 16th century Portuguese romanization representing [ji].)

Coordinate terms[уреди]

Anagrams[уреди]

See also[уреди]

References[уреди]

  1. Doi, Tadao (1603–1604) Hōyaku Nippo Jisho (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, published 1980, →ISBN.
  2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. 3,0 3,1 3,2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 2012, ニホンVSニッポン 「日本」の読み方、どっちが優勢?, The Nikkei
  5. 5,0 5,1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  6. 6,0 6,1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Шаблон:langname[уреди]

Hanja in this term

Шаблон:Tit2[уреди]

日本 (Ilbon) (hangeul 일본)

  1. Hanja form? of 일본 (Japan).

Шаблон:langname[уреди]

Шаблон:Tit2[уреди]

Alternative kanji for 大和 (やまと) (yamato).

The kanji spelling is influenced by  () (もと) (hi no moto).

Шаблон:Tit2[уреди]

日本 (Yamato2) (kana やまと)

  1. Шаблон:alt sp: Yamato, ancient name of Japan

Шаблон:Tit2[уреди]


Шаблон:langname[уреди]

Hán tự in this word

Шаблон:Tit2[уреди]

日本

  1. Hán tự form of Nhật Bản, “Japan