case

Пређи на навигацију Пређи на претрагу
Такође погледајте: CASE, Case, casé, cáse, cåse, cåsĕ, čase, и čaše

English language.svg Енглески

Pronunciation

  • МФА(кључ): /keɪs/
  • (file)
  • Риме: -eɪs
  • Hyphenation: case

Etymology 1

Средњи Енглески cas, from Стари Француски cas (an event), from Латински cāsus (a falling, a fall; accident, event, occurrence; occasion, opportunity; noun case), perfect passive participle of cadō (to fall, to drop).

Именица

case (plural cases)

  1. An actual event, situation, or fact.
    Lua грешка in Модул:usex at line 124: attempt to index local 'lang' (a nil value).
    Lua грешка in Модул:usex at line 124: attempt to index local 'lang' (a nil value).
    Lua грешка in Модул:usex at line 124: attempt to index local 'lang' (a nil value).
    • 2013 јул 20, “The attack of the MOOCs”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
      Lua грешка in Модул:usex at line 124: attempt to index local 'lang' (a nil value).
  2. (now rare) A given condition or state.
  3. A piece of work, specifically defined within a profession.
    Lua грешка in Модул:usex at line 124: attempt to index local 'lang' (a nil value).
  4. (academia) An instance or event as a topic of study.
    Lua грешка in Модул:usex at line 124: attempt to index local 'lang' (a nil value).
  5. (legal) A legal proceeding, lawsuit.
  6. (grammar) A specific inflection of a word (particularly a noun, pronoun, or adjective) depending on its function in the sentence.
    Lua грешка in Модул:usex at line 124: attempt to index local 'lang' (a nil value).
    • 1988, Andrew Radford, chapter 6, in Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, strana 292:
      Now, the Subject of either an indicative or a subjunctive Clause is always assigned Nominative case, as we see from:
      (16) (a)   I know [that they/*them/*their leave for Hawaii tomorrow]
      (16) (b)   I demand [that they/*them/*their leave for Hawaii tomorrow]
      By contrast, the Subject of an infinitive Clause is assigned Objective case, as we see from:
      (17)   I want [them/*they/*their to leave for Hawaii tomorrow]
      And the Subject of a gerund Clause is assigned either Objective or Genitive case: cf.
      (18)   I don't like the idea of [them/their/*they leaving for Hawaii tomorrow]
  7. (grammar, uncountable) Grammatical cases and their meanings taken either as a topic in general or within a specific language.
    Lua грешка in Модул:usex at line 124: attempt to index local 'lang' (a nil value).
  8. (medicine) An instance of a specific condition or set of symptoms.
    Lua грешка in Модул:usex at line 124: attempt to index local 'lang' (a nil value).
  9. (programming) A section of code representing one of the actions of a conditional switch.
    • 2004, Rick Miller, C++ for Artists:
      Lua грешка in Модул:usex at line 124: attempt to index local 'lang' (a nil value).
    • 2011, Stephen Prata, C++ Primer Plus, strana 275:
      Lua грешка in Модул:usex at line 124: attempt to index local 'lang' (a nil value).
Synonyms
Hyponyms
Derived terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Descendants
  • Шведски: case n

Verb

case (third-person singular simple present cases, present participle caseing, simple past and past participle caseed)

  1. (obsolete) to propose hypothetical cases

See also

References

Etymology 2

From Средњи Енглески cas, from Old Northern French casse, (compare Стари Француски chasse (box, chest, case)), from Латински capsa (box, bookcase), from capiō (to take, seize, hold). Дублети of cash. Compare Шпански caja, Asturian caxa.

Именица

case (plural cases)

  1. A box that contains or can contain a number of identical items of manufacture.
  2. A box, sheath, or covering generally.
    Lua грешка in Модул:usex at line 124: attempt to index local 'lang' (a nil value).
  3. A piece of luggage that can be used to transport an apparatus such as a sewing machine.
  4. An enclosing frame or casing.
    Lua грешка in Модул:usex at line 124: attempt to index local 'lang' (a nil value).
  5. A suitcase.
  6. A piece of furniture, constructed partially of transparent glass or plastic, within which items can be displayed.
  7. The outer covering or framework of a piece of apparatus such as a computer.
  8. (printing, historical) A shallow tray divided into compartments or "boxes" for holding type, traditionally arranged in sets of two, the "upper case" (containing capitals, small capitals, accented) and "lower case" (small letters, figures, punctuation marks, quadrats, and spaces).
  9. (typography, by extension) The nature of a piece of alphabetic type, whether a “capital” (upper case) or “small” (lower case) letter.
  10. (poker slang) Four of a kind.
  11. (US) A unit of liquid measure used to measure sales in the beverage industry, equivalent to 192 fluid ounces.
  12. (mining) A small fissure which admits water into the workings[1].
  13. A thin layer of harder metal on the surface of an object whose deeper metal is allowed to remain soft.
  14. A cardboard box that holds (usually 24) beer bottles or cans.
    Синоним: carton
    Lua грешка in Модул:usex at line 124: attempt to index local 'lang' (a nil value).
Hyponyms
Terms derived from case (noun, etymology 2)
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
References

Adjective

case (not comparable)

  1. (poker slang) The last remaining card of a particular rank.
    Lua грешка in Модул:usex at line 124: attempt to index local 'lang' (a nil value).
    • 2006, David Apostolico, Lessons from the Professional Poker Tour (page 21)
      If he did have a bigger ace, I still had at least six outs — the case ace, two nines, and three tens. I could also have more outs if he held anything less than A-K.
References

Verb

case (third-person singular simple present cases, present participle caseing, simple past and past participle caseed)

  1. (transitive) To place (an item or items of manufacture) into a box, as in preparation for shipment.
  2. (transitive) To cover or protect with, or as if with, a case; to enclose.
  3. (transitive, informal) To survey (a building or other location) surreptitiously, as in preparation for a robbery.
    • 1977, Michael Innes, The Gay Phoenix, →ISBN, page 116:
      You are in the grounds of Brockholes Abbey, a house into which a great deal of valuable property has just been moved. And your job is to case the joint for a break in.
    • 2014, Amy Goodman, From COINTELPRO to Snowden, the FBI Burglars Speak Out After 43 Years of Silence (Part 2), Democracy Now!, January 8, 2014, 0:49 to 0:57:
      Bonnie worked as a daycare director. She helped case the FBI office by posing as a college student interested in becoming an FBI agent.
Translations
Derived terms

Anagrams


Afar

Pronunciation

Verb

Шаблон:aa-verb

  1. (transitive) wave at
  2. (transitive) strike, hit

Conjugation

Шаблон:aa-conj/II

References


Asturian

Verb

Шаблон:ast-verb form

  1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of casar

Chinese

Alternative forms

Etymology

Borrowed from Енглески case.

Pronunciation


Noun

case

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) case Шаблон:rfclarify

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Латински casa, in the sense of "hut, cabin". The other senses are a Script error: The function "semantic_loan" does not exist.. Дублети of chez, which was inherited.

Pronunciation

Noun

case f (plural cases)

  1. (archaic, rare or regional) hut, cabin, shack
  2. box (on form)
  3. square (on board game)

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Saint Dominican Creole French: caze
    • Haitian Creole: kay

Further reading

Anagrams


Galician

Alternative forms

Etymology

Attested since the 15th century (quasy), inherited from Латински quasi (as if).

Pronunciation

Adverb

Шаблон:gl-adv

  1. almost

References


Italian

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: ca‧se

Noun

case f

  1. plural of casa

Anagrams


Lower Sorbian

Pronunciation

Noun

case

  1. nominative/accusative plural of cas

Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Стари Холандски *kāsi, from late Proto-West Germanic *kāsī, borrowed from Латински cāseus.

Noun

câse m or n

  1. cheese

Inflection

Овај noun захтева inflection-table template.

Alternative forms

Descendants

Further reading

  • case”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • case (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

Енглески case, from Латински cāsus. Дублети of kasus.

Pronunciation

Noun

case m or n (definite singular casen or caset, indefinite plural caser, definite plural casene)

  1. a case study; a case as used in a case study

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

Енглески case, from Латински cāsus. Дублети of kasus.

Pronunciation

Noun

Шаблон:nn-noun-multi

  1. a case study; a case as used in a case study
    Синонимs: døme, eksempel

References


Old French

Noun

case m (oblique plural cases, nominative singular cases, nominative plural case)

  1. (grammar) case

Portuguese

Pronunciation

Шаблон:pt-IPA

Verb

case

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of casar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of casar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of casar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of casar

Romanian

Noun

case

  1. inflection of casă:
    1. plural
    2. genitive/dative singular

Spanish

Pronunciation

МФА(кључ): /ˈkase/

Verb

case

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of casar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of casar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of casar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of casar.

Swedish

Шведски Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија sv

Etymology

Borrowed from Енглески case, from Латински cāsus. Дублети of kasus.

Noun

case n

  1. (countable) a case (instance or event as a topic of study)


Synonyms

Derived terms


Venetian

Noun

case

  1. plural of casa