Chinese

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English[уреди]

Wiktionary
Min Nan edition of Wiktionary

Etymology[уреди]

From China +‎ -ese.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

Chinese (countable and uncountable, plural Chinese)

  1. Language:
    1. (uncountable) Any of several Sinitic languages spoken in China, especially Literary Chinese, Mandarin, Cantonese, Wu, or Min Nan.
      Peter is from Hong Kong and speaks Chinese.
    2. (uncountable) The class of Sino-Tibetan dialects including Mandarin, Wu, Cantonese, Min Nan and others.
      Wu and Hakka are lesser-known varieties of Chinese.
    3. (uncountable) The logographic writing system shared by this language family.
      Hong Kong uses traditional Chinese.
    4. Mandarin: an official language of the People's Republic of China
      Nǐ hǎo” means “hello” in Chinese.
  2. People:
    1. (uncountable) The people of China.
      The Chinese have an incredible history.
    2. (uncountable) All people of Chinese descent or self-identity
      The Chinese are present in all parts of the world.
    3. (countable) A person from China or of Chinese descent.
      • 1999, Lydia Laube, Bound for Vietnam[1], →ISBN, strana 24:
        But I had the unmitigated pleasure of watching a family of four Chinese struggle to use knives and forks to [eat] their bacon and eggs.
  3. Chinese food or meal.
    1. (Британија, countable, informal) A Chinese meal.
      We're going out tonight for a Chinese.
    2. (Британија, Canada, US, uncountable, informal) Chinese food.
      Please don't eat the Chinese: I'm saving it for later.

Usage notes[уреди]

As with other nationalities formed with -ese, the countable singular noun in reference to a person (as in "I am a Chinese", "writing about Chinese cuisine as a Chinese") is uncommon and often taken as incorrect. In its place, the adjective is used, by itself (as in "I am Chinese") or with a word like person, man, or woman ("writing about Chinese cuisine as a Chinese person"). However, it is rather frequent in East Asia as a translation for the demonym written 中國人中国人 in Chinese or 中国人 (chūgokujin) in Japanese.

Synonyms[уреди]

  • (Chinese person): Han (ethnic Chinese regardless of the residence), Chinaman (properly of a man only, now usually considered an offensive slur); Chinee (archaic, offensive); chink (offensive slur); Sinese (rare, historical)

Derived terms[уреди]

Related terms[уреди]

Translations[уреди]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Adjective[уреди]

Chinese (not generally comparable, comparative more Chinese, superlative most Chinese)

  1. Of China, its languages or people
    • 1928, Otto Jespersen, An International Language, page 82
      The construction of a verbal system which is fairly regular and at the same time based on existing languages is a most difficult task, because in no other domain of the grammar do languages retain a greater number of ancient irregularities and differ more fundamentally from one another. Still an attempt will be made here to conciliate the two points of view and to bring about something which resembles the simple Chinese grammar without, however, losing its European character or the power of expressing nuances to which we are accustomed in our own languages.
  2. Exotic; unfamiliar; unexpected; used in phrases such as Chinese whispers, Chinese handcuffs, and Chinese checkers.

Synonyms[уреди]

  • (of China, its language or people): Sinic, Sino- (prefix)

Translations[уреди]

Derived terms[уреди]

See also[уреди]

Further reading[уреди]

Anagrams[уреди]


Dutch[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Chinees +‎ -e.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

Chinese f (plural Chinesen, masculine Chinees)

  1. female person from China

Related terms[уреди]

Adjective[уреди]

Chinese

  1. Шаблон:nl-adj form of

Anagrams[уреди]


German[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

China +‎ -ese

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

Chinese

  1. person from China

Declension[уреди]

Derived terms[уреди]

Further reading[уреди]

  • Chinese у Duden на интернету