Chinese

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Такође погледајте: chinese

English[уреди]

Wiktionary
[[:{{{code}}}:|Mandarin Chinese edition]] of Wiktionary
Wiktionary
[[:{{{code}}}:|Min Nan edition]] of Wiktionary
A CIA map edited to show the areas separately held by the PRC and ROC but still considered one China. Some Chinese claims are omitted.
Men in Hanfu (traditional Chinese clothing)

Etymology[уреди]

From China +‎ -ese under influence of Portuguese chinês, replacing older Chinish. Дублети of chinois. In its orientalist sense of "generically exotic, backwards, or poorly organized", sometimes a deliberate marketing strategy to increase sales, as with the German Chinese checkers. In its sense related to the orientation of stage lighting's barn doors, a racist reference to a supposed resemblance to East Asian eyes.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Adjective[уреди]

Chinese (not generally comparable, comparative more Chinese, superlative most Chinese)

  1. Of, from, or related to China, particularly now the People's Republic of China.
    • 1980 новембар 30, “Communist China's 'Pin Yin' system causes confusion among foreigners”, in Free China Weekly[1], volume XXI, number 47, Taipei, strana 1:
      In this instance, when the Chairman of the "Accuracy in Media" spoke out strongly against the Chinese Communist system of "pin yin" spelling, he was not criticizing any bias or unreliability of news presentation but specifically the inconvenience and confusion caused by the "pin yin" spelling of Chinese names.
    China has been led by the Chinese Communist Party since 1949.
  2. Of, from, or related to the people of China, particularly the Han Chinese and their culture whether in China or overseas.
    Important Chinese holidays celebrated around the world include the Chinese New Year ("Spring Festival"), Tomb Sweeping Day, and the Mid-Autumn Festival.
  3. Of, from, or related to a language native to Han Chinese persons, often used generally of Chinese characters or particularly to refer to Standard Mandarin.
    • 1928, Otto Jespersen, An International Language, page 82:
      The construction of a verbal system which is fairly regular and at the same time based on existing languages is a most difficult task, because in no other domain of the grammar do languages retain a greater number of ancient irregularities and differ more fundamentally from one another. Still an attempt will be made here to conciliate the two points of view and to bring about something which resembles the simple Chinese grammar without, however, losing its European character or the power of expressing nuances to which we are accustomed in our own languages.
    There are four Chinese tones... five, if you count the neutral one.
  4. (in phrases, sometimes offensive) As exotic, unusual, backwards, or unorganized as someone or something from China.
  5. (of film and video lighting, offensive, dated) Having barn doors with a horizontal orientation.
    Coordinate term: English

Synonyms[уреди]

  • (of China, its language or people): Sinic, Sino- (prefix)

Derived terms[уреди]

Translations[уреди]

Proper noun[уреди]

Chinese

  1. (uncountable, collective) The citizens of China, particularly Han Chinese citizens of the People's Republic of China.
    • 1900, Jared Sparks, ‎Edward Everett, ‎Henry Cabot Lodge, The North American Review, volume 171, strana 390:
      If the Chinese were a people like the Russians, the Germans or the French, we (I address chiefly American and British readers) would observe any marked increase in their industrial activity or in their national aggressiveness with some misgiving, possibly, but []
    • 1934, Chinese Affairs, volume 65, strana 23:
      I have given these points to make it clear that the Chinese are a people of strong emotion; and that this emotion is highest and purest when running in the channels of filial piety and loyalty.
    • 2002, Sino-American Relations, volume 28, strana 60:
      After Pearl Harbor, American sympathy for the Chinese grew even stronger, for the Chinese were a people who had long been bravely resisting Japanese aggressors.
    • 2019 септембар 30, Jiang Jiang, “I am proud of my country”, in Times of Malta:
      China is a country with a 5,000 year uninterrupted civilisation, and the Chinese are a people that keep moving forward amid trials and tribulations.
    The Chinese have an incredible history.
  2. (uncountable, collective) The Han Chinese, whether in China or overseas.
    The Chinese are present in all parts of the world.
  3. (uncountable) The Standard Chinese language, written in Chinese characters and spoken and spelled using Standard Mandarin pronunciation.
    你好 is read “Nǐ hǎo” and means “Hello” in Chinese.
  4. (uncountable) The branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family including Mandarin, Cantonese, Shanghainese, Minnan, and other closely related dialects.
    Suzhounese and Hakka are lesser-known varieties of Chinese.
  5. (uncountable) The logographic writing system shared by most Sinitic languages.
    Hong Kong still uses traditional Chinese.

Synonyms[уреди]

Derived terms[уреди]

Translations[уреди]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun[уреди]

Chinese (countable and uncountable, plural Chinese or Chineses)

  1. (countable) A person from China or of Chinese descent.
    • 1999, Lydia Laube, Bound for Vietnam[2], →ISBN, strana 24:
      But I had the unmitigated pleasure of watching a family of four Chinese struggle to use knives and forks to [eat] their bacon and eggs.
  2. (uncountable) Chinese cuisine.
    • 1958, A.G. Yates, The Cold Dark Hours, Sydney: Horwitz, published 1963, strana 73:
      "Do you like to eat Chinese?
    Please don't eat the Chinese. I'm saving it for later.
  3. (UK, countable, informal) A meal consisting of Chinese cuisine.
    We're going out tonight for a Chinese.

Usage notes[уреди]

Шаблон:U:en:-ese However, it is rather frequent in East Asia as a translation for the demonym of the country written 中國人中国人 (lit. person from China) in Chinese or 中国人 (chūgokujin) in Japanese. The ethnicity is referred to differently by different people, notably 華人华人 or 漢人汉人

Synonyms[уреди]

Related terms[уреди]

Translations[уреди]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Anagrams[уреди]

See also[уреди]

References[уреди]

  • [[ethnologue:{{{code}}}|Ethnologue entry for Chinese]], {{{code}}}
  • [[ethnologue:{{{code}}}|Ethnologue entry for Chinese]], {{{code}}}
  • [[ethnologue:{{{code}}}|Ethnologue entry for Chinese]], {{{code}}}
  • [[ethnologue:{{{code}}}|Ethnologue entry for Chinese]], {{{code}}}
  • [[ethnologue:{{{code}}}|Ethnologue entry for Chinese]], {{{code}}}
  • [[ethnologue:{{{code}}}|Ethnologue entry for Chinese]], {{{code}}}
  • [[ethnologue:{{{code}}}|Ethnologue entry for Chinese]], {{{code}}}
  • [[ethnologue:{{{code}}}|Ethnologue entry for Chinese]], {{{code}}}
  • [[ethnologue:{{{code}}}|Ethnologue entry for Chinese]], {{{code}}}
  • [[ethnologue:{{{code}}}|Ethnologue entry for Chinese]], {{{code}}}
  • [[ethnologue:{{{code}}}|Ethnologue entry for Chinese]], {{{code}}}
  • [[ethnologue:{{{code}}}|Ethnologue entry for Chinese]], {{{code}}}
  • [[ethnologue:{{{code}}}|Ethnologue entry for Chinese]], {{{code}}}

Dutch[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Chinees +‎ -e.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

Chinese f (plural Chinesen, masculine Chinees)

  1. woman from China

Related terms[уреди]

Adjective[уреди]

Chinese

  1. Шаблон:nl-adj form of

Anagrams[уреди]


German[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

China +‎ -ese

Pronunciation[уреди]

  • МФА(кључ): /çiˈneːzə/, /ʃiˈneːzə/
  • (southern Germany, Austria, Switzerland) МФА(кључ): /kiˈneːzə/
    • (file)
  • Hyphenation: Chi‧ne‧se

Noun[уреди]

Chinese

  1. person from China

Declension[уреди]

Lua грешка in Модул:de-noun at line 508: attempt to call field 'insertIfNot' (a nil value).

Derived terms[уреди]

Further reading[уреди]