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U+5143, 元
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5143

[U+5142]
ЦЈК јединствени идеограми
[U+5144]
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Han character

(Kangxi radical 10, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一一山 (MMU), четири-угла 10211, composition or ⿱)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 123, карактер 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 1340
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 258, карактер 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 1, страна 264, карактер 6
  • Unihan data за U+5143

Further reading


Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Писано Стандардни Кинески?)
  • (Кантонски)
  • (Класични)
  • (Ган)

Glyph origin

Историјски облици карактера
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
元-oracle.svg 元-seal.svg 元-bigseal.svg
Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески
黿

Pictogram (象形) – a figure with two lines for a head (one connected to body, one above it), emphasizing the head.

Etymology 1

Possibly from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m/s-gaw (head), with a noun-forming suffix *-n (Schuessler, 2003; STEDT). If so, cognate with (“ruler; lord; queen”), Тибетански མགོ (mgo, head; summit; beginning), མགོན (mgon, protector; master; lord), Garo sko (skull), Northern Tujia kho⁵⁵ pa⁵⁵ (head) (Schuessler, 2007; STEDT). (“source; origin; basic; primary”) and 黿 (“large turtle”) may be the same word (Schuessler, 2007). It may also be related to (“lord; prince; ruler”), (“magistrate; governor”), (“marquis”) (Mei, 1985).

The name of the dynasty comes from the I Ching:

萬物 [MSC, trad.]
万物 [MSC, simp.]
From: Yijing-L
Dà zāi qián yuán, wànwù zī shǐ, nǎi tǒng tiān. [Pinyin]
Vast is the ‘great and originating (power)’ indicated by Qian! All things owe to it their beginning: - it contains all the meaning belonging to (the name) heaven.

Pronunciation


Нота:
  • nyyon4 - vernacular;
  • yon4 - literary.
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Мин Нан
  • Нота:
    • nguang5 - Shantou;
    • nguêng5 - Chaozhou;
    • ngang5 - used in 開元.
  • Wu
  • Нота:
    • 3nyoe - vernacular;
    • 3hhyoe - literary.
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Мандарин Beijing /yan³⁵/
    Harbin /yan²⁴/
    Tianjin /yan⁴⁵/
    Jinan /yã⁴²/
    Qingdao /yã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /yan⁴²/
    Xi'an /yã²⁴/
    Xining /yã²⁴/
    Yinchuan /yan⁵³/
    Lanzhou /yɛ̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /yan⁵¹/
    Wuhan /yɛn²¹³/
    Chengdu /yan³¹/
    Guiyang /ian²¹/
    Kunming /iɛ̃³¹/
    Nanjing /yen²⁴/
    Hefei /yĩ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ye¹¹/
    Pingyao /ye̞¹³/
    Hohhot /ye³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ȵyø²³/
    /ɦyø²³/
    Suzhou /ɦiø¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦyõ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /ȵy³¹/
    Hui Shexian /ue⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /ȵyɛ⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /yẽ¹³/
    Xiangtan /yẽ¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /ȵyɵn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /ŋian¹¹/
    Taoyuan /ŋien¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²¹/
    Nanning /yn²¹/
    Хонг Конг /jyn²¹/
    Мин Xiamen (Мин Нан) /guan³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Мин Донг) /ŋuoŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Мин Беј) /ŋyiŋ³³/
    Shantou (Мин Нан) /ŋuaŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Мин Нан) /zuaŋ³¹/

    Definitions

    1. head
    2. first; primary; head; chief
    3. basic; fundamental
    4. origin; source
      Синоними:
    5. meta-
    6. Classifier for yuan or dollars.
    7. (mathematics) variable; unknown; element
        ―  xiāoyuán  ―  method of elimination (literally, “method of eliminating matrix elements”)
      [Classical Chinese]  ―  lì tiānyuán [Pinyin]  ―  Let x be the unknown variable in the equation.
        ―  zhǔyuán  ―  pivot
    8. () Yuan Dynasty
        ―  yuán  ―  Yuan dynasty theater
    9. () (telegraphy) the thirteenth day of a month
    10. A презиме​..
      /   ―  Yuán Hàowèn  ―  Yuan Haowen (Jin dynasty poet)
    Synonyms
    See also
    Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
    Name Time period Divisions
    Xia
    (~朝, ~代)
    2070 – 1600 BCE
    Shang
    (~朝, ~代)
    (~朝, ~代)
    1600 – 1046 BCE
    Zhou
    (~朝, ~代)
    1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
    西周
    Eastern Zhou
    東周东周
    Spring and Autumn period
    春秋
    Warring States period
    戰國战国
    Qin
    (~朝, ~代)
    221 – 206 BCE
    Han
    (~朝, ~代)
    206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
    西漢西汉
    Xin
    (~朝)
    Eastern Han
    東漢东汉
    Three Kingdoms
    三國三国
    220 – 280 CE Wei
    Shu
    Wu
    Jin
    (~朝, ~代)
    265 – 420 CE Western Jin
    西晉西晋
    Eastern Jin
    東晉东晋
    Southern and Northern dynasties
    南北朝
    420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
    北朝
    Northern Wei
    北魏
    Western Wei
    西魏
    Eastern Wei
    東魏东魏
    Northern Zhou
    北周
    Northern Qi
    北齊北齐
    Southern dynasties
    南朝
    Liu Song
    劉宋刘宋
    Southern Qi
    南齊南齐
    Liang
    (~朝, ~代)
    Chen
    (~朝, ~代)
    Sui
    (~朝, ~代)
    581 – 618 CE
    Tang
    (~朝, ~代)
    618 – 907 CE
    Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
    五代十國五代十国
    907 – 960 CE
    Liao
    (~朝, ~代)
    907 – 1125 CE
    Song
    (~朝, ~代)
    960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
    北宋
    Southern Song
    南宋
    Western Xia
    西夏
    1038 – 1227 CE
    Jin
    (~朝, ~代)
    1115 – 1234 CE
    Western Liao
    西遼西辽
    1124 – 1218 CE
    Yuan
    (~朝, ~代)
    1271 – 1368 CE
    Ming
    (~朝, ~代)
    1368 – 1644 CE
    Qing
    (~朝, ~代)
    1636 – 1912 CE

    Compounds

    Descendants

    Sino-Xenic ():
  • Енглески: yuan
  • Etymology 2

    За изговор и дефиниције од – види .
    (Овај character, , је the draft (1955) first-round simplified and second-round simplified облик од .)

    References


    Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


    Kanji

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings

    Compounds

    Etymology 1

    Kanji за овај терм
    もと
    Степен: 2
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spellings



    ⟨mo2to2/moto/

    From Стари Јапански. Cited to the Kojiki of 712 CE.[1] From Proto-Japonic *mətə. Cognate with Окинавски (mutu).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (もと) (moto

    1. cause, origin
    2. basis, foundation
    3. cost
      (もと)がとれる
      moto ga toreru
      to be able to cover the cost
    4. (finance) capital
      2000円(にせんえん)(もと)()
      nisen-en no moto o toru
      to get one's 2000 yen's worth
      (literally, “to take the 2000 yen principal”)
    5. principal

    Derived terms

    Prefix

    (もと) (moto-

    1. former, erstwhile
      (もと)カレ(もと)カノ
      motokare, motokano
      former boyfriend, former girlfriend
      プロジェクト(もと)(たん)(とう)(しゃ)()(なか)()
      purojekuto no moto tantōsha no Tanaka-shi
      former project manager Tanaka

    Etymology 2

    Kanji за овај терм
    げん
    Степен: 2
    kan’on

    From the Средњи Кинески-derived reading of the kanji characters.

    Proper noun

    (げん) (gen

    1. the Yuan dynasty (1271-1368)

    Etymology 3

    From (はじ) (hajime, beginning).

    Pronunciation

    Proper noun

    (はじめ) (hajime

    1. A male given name

    References

    1. 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2,0 2,1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски


    Hanja

    (eumhun 으뜸 (eutteum won))

    1. Hanja form? of (chief).

    Okinawan

    Kanji

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings

    Compounds

    Alternative forms

    Etymology

    Kanji in this term
    むとぅ
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi
    Kanji in this term
    むーとぅ
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *moto, from Proto-Japonic *mətə. Cognate with mainland Јапански (moto).

    Noun

    (hiragana むとぅ, rōmaji mutu, alternative reading むーとぅ, rōmaji mūtu)

    1. cause, origin
    2. basis, foundation
    3. cost
    4. origin
    5. (finance) capital
    6. principal

    References


    Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Вијетнамски


    Han character

    1. source, origin, base
    2. a family name

    (кинески)

    yuan.

    Изговор:

    пинјин: yuán  
    Аудио: Loudspeaker.svg(датотека)

    Радикал:

    10.004

    Значења:

    "јуан(валута)

    члан примарни, први"

    Примери:

    1. 衬衫
      1. Zhè zhǒng chènshān měi jiàn dìngjià shí yuán.
      2. Означена цена ових мајицa је десет јуана по комаду.

    Синоними:

    ...


    Хомофони:

    , , , , , ,

    Хомографи:

    ...

    ХСК ниво:

    1

    Асоцијације:

    ...

    Изведене речи:

    ...


    Сродни чланци са Википедије:


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