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English language.svg Енглески

Енглески бројеви (edit)
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    Cardinal: one
    Ordinal: first
    Adverbial: once
    Multiplier: single
    Distributive: singly

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Средњи Енглески first, furst, ferst, fyrst, from Стари Енглески fyrest, from Proto-Germanic *furistaz (foremost, first), superlative of Proto-Germanic *fur, *fura, *furi (before), from Пра-Индо-Европски *per-, *pero- (forward, beyond, around), equivalent to fore +‎ -est. Cognate with Севернофризски foarste (first), Холандски voorste (foremost, first), Немачки Fürst (chief, prince, literally first (born)), Шведски först (first), Norwegian Nynorsk fyrst (first), Исландски fyrstur (first).

Other cognates include Санскрт पूर्व (pūrva, first) and Руски первый (pervyj).

Alternative forms

Adjective

first (not comparable)

  1. Preceding all others of a series or kind; the ordinal of one; earliest.
    Hancock was first to arrive.
    • Шаблон:RQ:Churchill Celebrity
    • 2013 август 3, “Yesterday’s fuel”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
      The dawn of the oil age was fairly recent. Although the stuff was used to waterproof boats in the Middle East 6,000 years ago, extracting it in earnest began only in 1859 after an oil strike in Pennsylvania. The first barrels of crude fetched $18 (around $450 at today’s prices).
    The first day of September 2013 was a Sunday.
    I was the first runner to reach the finish line, and won the race.
  2. Most eminent or exalted; most excellent; chief; highest.
    • 1784: William Jones, The Description and Use of a New Portable Orrery, &c., PREFACE
      THE favourable reception the Orrery has met with from Perſons of the firſt diſtinction, and from Gentlemen and Ladies in general, has induced me to add to it ſeveral new improvements in order to give it a degree of Perfection; and diſtinguiſh it from others; which by Piracy, or Imitation, may be introduced to the Public.
    • 1880, S. W. Silver & Co, Handbook for Australia & New Zealand (page 146)
      It rose to be the first of pastoral regions, and continued until after the gold discovery to be the land of squatterdom.
    Demosthenes was the first orator of Greece.
    the first violinist
  3. Of or belonging to a first family.
    First Cat; First Daughter; First Dog; First Son
Related terms
Translations

Adverb

first (not comparable)

  1. Before anything else; firstly.
    Clean the sink first, before you even think of starting to cook.
    I plunged nose first into the water.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 8, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      That concertina was a wonder in its way. The handles that was on it first was wore out long ago, and he'd made new ones of braided rope yarn. And the bellows was patched in more places than a cranberry picker's overalls.
    • 2013 јун 29, “Unspontaneous combustion”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, strana 29:
      Since the mid-1980s, when Indonesia first began to clear its bountiful forests on an industrial scale in favour of lucrative palm-oil plantations, “haze” has become an almost annual occurrence in South-East Asia.
  2. For the first time;
    I first witnessed a death when I was nine years old.
Synonyms
Translations

Noun

first (countable and uncountable, plural firsts)

  1. (uncountable) The person or thing in the first position.
    He was the first to complete the course.
  2. (uncountable) The first gear of an engine.
  3. (countable) Something that has never happened before; a new occurrence.
    This is a first. For once he has nothing to say.
  4. (countable, baseball) first base
    There was a close play at first.
  5. (countable, British, colloquial) A first-class honours degree.
  6. (countable, colloquial) A first-edition copy of some publication.
  7. A fraction of an integer ending in one.
    one forty-first of the estate
Translations

Derived terms

Terms derived from the adjective, adverb, or noun first

See also

Etymology 2

From Средњи Енглески first, furst, fyrst, from Стари Енглески fyrst, fierst, first (period, space of time, time, respite, truce), from Proto-Germanic *frestaz, *fristiz, *frestą (date, appointed time), from Пра-Индо-Европски *pres-, *per- (forward, forth, over, beyond). Cognate with Севернофризски ferst, frest (period, time), Немачки Frist (period, deadline, term), Шведски frist (deadline, respite, reprieve, time-limit), Исландски frestur (period). See also frist.

Noun

first (plural firsts)

  1. (obsolete) Time; time granted; respite.

References

  • first at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams


Middle English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Стари Енглески fyrest, from Proto-West Germanic *furist, from Proto-Germanic *furistaz.

Pronunciation

Adjective

Шаблон:enm-adj

  1. first

Descendants

  • Енглески: first
  • Шкотски: first
  • Yola: vursth

References