五月

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Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


five moon; month
simp. and trad.
(五月)

Pronunciation


Noun

五月

  1. May
  2. modern name for the fifth month of the Chinese lunar calendar

Synonyms

Derived terms


Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


Etymology 1

Kanji за овај терм

Степен: 1
がつ
Степен: 1
goon
Јапански Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија ja

Compound of Средњи Кинески-derived elements (go, five, fifth) +‎ (gatsu, month).

Pronunciation

Noun

()(がつ) (gogatsuごぐわつ (gogwatu)?

  1. May
Synonyms

See also

Etymology 2

Kanji за овај терм

Степен: 1
つき
Степен: 1
Irregular kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
皐月 (uncommon)
早月 (rare)
Јапански Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија ja
五月 (satsuki): the Japanese azalea, Rhododendron indicum

Explained in some sources[4] as a possible contraction of 早苗月 (sanaezuki, another old name for the month of May). However, the initial sa- element appears in many ancient terms relating to the rice plant,[5] making it more likely that the sa- in satsuki is not a contraction. Some sources[5] thus list satsuki instead as a compound of (sa, ancient word relating to rice, here referring to the planting season) +‎ (tsuki, moon; month).

Pronunciation

Noun

()(つき) (satsuki

  1. (archaic) the fifth month of the lunar calendar
  2. (poetic) May
  3. (botany) Rhododendron indicum, a kind of azalea native to Japan (so named because it usually blooms in May)
Usage notes

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as サツキ. When spelled in kanji, the azalea sense may be more often spelled as 皐月.

The term gogatsu is the most common term for the month of May in modern Japanese. The synonyms satsuki and sanaezuki are archaic and may be used in historical or poetic contexts.

Synonyms

(May):

  • 五月 (gogatsu) (see above)

(fifth lunar month):

Coordinate terms


Etymology 3

Kanji за овај терм

Степен: 1
つき
Степен: 1
kun’yomi

Pronunciation

Proper noun

()(つき) (itsuki

  1. a female given name

References

  1. 1,0 1,1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2,0 2,1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. 3,0 3,1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 1984, 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, “Encyclopedia Nipponica”) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, relevant text online here.
  5. 5,0 5,1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски


Hanja in this term

Noun

五月 (owol) (hangeul 오월)

  1. Hanja form? of 오월 (the fifth month).

五月 (кинески)

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五月


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