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U+842C, 萬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-842C

[U+842B]
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[U+842D]
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Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character

(Kangxi radical 140, +9, 13 strokes in traditional Chinese and Korean, 12 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, cangjie input 廿田中月 (TWLB), четири-угла 44427, composition)

Derived characters

Related characters

Further reading

  • KangXi: page 1042, карактер 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 31339
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 1501, карактер 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 5, страна 3247, карактер 8
  • Unihan data за U+842C

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


trad.
simp. *
alternative forms
𤍚
𢁭
𥝄
𥝅
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Писано Стандардни Кинески?)
  • (Кантонски)

Glyph origin

Историјски облици карактера
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
萬-oracle.svg 萬-silk.svg 萬-seal.svg 萬-bigseal.svg
Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески
濿

Pictogram (象形) – scorpion. This character's original meaning has been lost, and the derivative refers to the original word.

Etymology

“scorpion”
See .
“religious dance; sorcery”
Perhaps from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-man (medicine). Compare Тибетански སྨན (sman, medicine; she-demons worshipped by common folk), Бурмански မန်း (man:, utter mystic words to heal or ward off evil).
myriad; ten thousand”
Schuessler (2007) considers the etymology of this sense Sino-Tibetan and compares it with Тибетански འབུམ ('bum, hundred thousand; complete; entire; multifarious). Similar words are found in branches of Turkic, Mongolic, Tungusic, Korean, and Tocharian; here they are treated as very old loanwords from Chinese, per Pulleyblank (apud Clauson, 1972), Beckwith (2009), Adams (2013) and Tremblay (2005).

Pronunciation


Нота:
  • bhuêng7 - Chaozhou;
  • bhuang7 - Shantou.
  • Wu
  • Нота:
    • 3me - colloquial (only in 萬子);
    • 3ve - literary ("ten thousand", etc.).

    Definitions

    1. (obsolete) Original form of (“scorpion”).
    2. (historical) A ritual dance in ancient China.
    3. myriad, ten thousand, 10000
      /   ―  liǎng wàn yuán  ―  twenty thousand dollars
      一百 / 一百  ―  yībǎi wàn  ―  one million
      同胞 / 同胞  ―  wàn wàn tóngbāo  ―  four hundred million compatriots
      /   ―  wànsuì  ―  ten thousand years; hooray; long live
    4. (figuratively) a great number; myriad; numerous
      眾一心 / 众一心  ―  wànzhòngyīxīn  ―  all united
      排除 / 排除  ―  páichúwànnán  ―  to remove all difficulties
    5. very; extremely; absolutely
      不得已 / 不得已  ―  wànbùdéyǐ  ―  out of absolute necessity; with no other choice
    6. A презиме​..

    See also

    Кинески бројеви
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
    Normal
    (小寫小写)
    ,
    十千 (Malaysia, Singapore)
    亿 (Taiwan)
    萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
    Financial
    (大寫大写)

    Compounds

    Descendants

    Sino-Xenic ():

    Others:

    • Bouyei: faanh (ten thousand), Wanq (surname)
    • Proto-Hmong: *wi̯aŋꟲ (ten thousand)
    • Kavalan: ban (ten thousand)
    • Khmer: ម៉ឺន (məɨn), ហ្មឺន (məɨn, ten thousand; official rank)
    • Lao: ໝື່ນ (mư̄n), ຫມື່ນ (mư̄n, ten thousand; official rank)
    • Middle Korean: 즈믄 (cumun, thousand)
    • Middle Mongolian: ᠲᠦᠮᠡᠨ (tümen, ten thousand)
      • Енглески: tumen (an army unit of 10,000 soldiers, among the ancient Mongols)
      • Khalkha Mongolian: ᠲᠦᠮᠡ (tüme) / түм (tüm)
      • Ирански: تومان(tumân)
        • Енглески: toman (former currency of Iran)
      • Руски: Тюмень (Tjumenʹ, Tyumen)
        • Енглески: Tyumen (city in Russia)
    • Shan: မိုၼ်ႇ (mùen, ten thousand)
    • Тајски: หมื่น (ten thousand; official rank)
    • Proto-Tocharian:
      • Tocharian A: tmāṃ (ten thousand)
      • Tocharian B: t(u)māne (ten thousand, a myriad)
    • Proto-Tungusic:
    • Proto-Turkic: *Tümen (ten thousand; an infinitely large number)
      • Турски: tümen (ten thousand)
    • Вијетнамски: muôn (𨷈, ten thousand; all, many), man (ten thousand)
    • Џуанг: fanh (ten thousand)

    References


    Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. ten thousand

    Readings

    Compounds

    Etymology 1

    Kanji за овај терм
    よろず
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    ⟨yo2ro2du⟩ → */jərədu//jorod͡zu//jorozu/

    From Стари Јапански, first attested in the Kojiki (712 CE). See for more senses.

    Proper noun

    (よろず) (yorozuよろづ (yorodu)? (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

    1. a презиме​.

    (よろづ) (yorozu (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

    1. a презиме​.

    Etymology 2

    Kanji за овај терм
    ばん
    Jinmeiyō
    on’yomi

    From Средњи Кинески . See for more senses.

    Proper noun

    (ばん) (ban (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

    1. a презиме​.

    Etymology 3

    Kanji за овај терм
    まん
    Jinmeiyō
    on’yomi

    Likely a shift from ban above. See for more senses.

    Proper noun

    (まん) (man (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

    1. a female given name
    2. a презиме​.

    References

    • New Nelson: 5103
    • Halpern: 2497
    • Halpern Learners: not listed
    • Heisig: 2969
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 0a3.8
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.



    Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски


    Etymology

    From Средњи Кинески .

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 먼〮 (Yale: mén)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] 일〮만〯 (Yale: íl-mǎn) 만〯 (Yale: mǎn)

    Pronunciation

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ma̠(ː)n]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

    Hanja

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (一萬) (ilman man))

    1. Hanja form? of (ten thousand).
    2. Hanja form? of (myriad).

    Compounds

    References

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Вијетнамски


    Han character

    : Hán Việt readings: vạn, muôn
    : Nôm readings: vạn, vàn, mại, vẹn, muôn

    Noun

    1. Hán tự form of vạn, muôn, “ten thousand

    Derived terms