|as (if); such as||moon; month|
|Kanji in this term|
|Степен: S||Степен: 1|
Further derivation ultimately unknown.
- Listed in Japanese resources as deriving from 衣 (kinu, “robes, clothing”) + 更 (sara, “again, more”) + 着 (ki, “wearing”, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, “continuative or stem form”) of verb 着る (kiru, “to wear clothing on the upper body”)). This is also evidenced in the alternative spelling 衣更着.
- However, some sources also note that this spelling only arose in the late Heian period when the poet 藤原清輔 (Fujiwara no Kiyosuke) proposed this derivation in his work 奥儀抄 (Ōgishō), completed 1144.
- Alternative native hypotheses include:
- Compound of 気 (ki, “spirits, mood”) + 更 (sara, “again, more”) + 来 (ki, “coming”, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, “continuative or stem form”) of verb 来る (kuru, “to come”)), from the sense of one's mood improving as winter comes to a close.
- Compound of 生 (ki, “live; life”, short for iki) + 更 (sara, “again, more”) + 来 (ki, “coming”, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, “continuative or stem form”) of verb 来る (kuru, “to come”)), from the sense of plants putting forth new shoots.
- Separately, James Marshall Unger suggests that this may ultimately be cognate with modern Корејски 겨울 (gyeoul, “winter”). Compare obsolete or dialectal form 겨슬 (gyeoseul), and Middle Korean 겨ᅀᆞᆶ (kyezolh). In this hypothesis, the /o/ in the Middle Korean is potentially problematic, but Unger views the final /-lh/ as a good match for the final /-raɡi/ in the Јапански.
The derivation of the 如月 spelling is also unknown.
- (Japanese calendar months) 睦月 (mutsuki), 如月 (kisaragi), 弥生 (yayoi), 卯月 (uzuki), 皐月 (satsuki), 水無月 (minazuki), 文月 (fumizuki), 葉月 (hazuki), 長月 (nagatsuki), 神無月 (kannazuki), 霜月 (shimotsuki), 師走 (shiwasu) (Категорија: ja:Japanese calendar months)
- Entry in Gogen-Allguide (in Japanese)
|Kanji in this term|
First cited with this reading to a text from 1559.
- 1988, 国語大辞典（新装版） (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
- 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
- “如月”, in 日本大百科全書：ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, “Encyclopedia Nipponica”) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
- Unger, J. Marshall (2001), “Layers of Words and Volcanic Ash in Japan and Korea”, in The Journal of Japanese Studies, volume 27, page 104
- 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
- 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN