師走

Јапански


Етимологија 1

Kanji in this term

Степен: 5
(ateji)
は(す) > わ(す)
Степен: 2
(ateji)
on’yomi kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
十二月

/sipasu//ɕifasu//ɕiwasu/

Shift from shihasu, ancient sipasu (see below).

Изговор

Именица

()(わす) (shiwasuしはす (sifasu)?

  1. (archaic) the twelfth month of the lunar calendar
    • c. 859-985, Kagura Uta, Kodai Kayōshū, strana 337:

      ja

      —本 乎美名古乃左衣八 末 志毛月志波須乃 加伊古本千
  1. Синонимs: 限りの月 (kagiri no tsuki), 極まり月 (kiwamarizuki), 極月 (gokugetsu), 果ての月 (hate no tsuki), 臘月 (rōgetsu)
  2. (poetic) the month of preparation for the new year: December
Изведени термини
Пословице

Властите именице

()(わす) (Shiwasuしはす (sifasu)?

  1. a female given name

Етимологија 2

Kanji in this term

Степен: 5
(ateji)
は(す)
Степен: 2
(ateji)
on’yomi kun’yomi

/sipasu//ɕifasu//ɕihasu/

Од Old Japanese of unknown derivation. First appears in the Nihon Shoki of 720 CE.[3].

Изговор

Именица

()(はす) (shihasu

  1. Synonym of 師走 (shiwasu)

Координатни термини


Види и

Референце

  1. 1,0 1,1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2,0 2,1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  4. 4,0 4,1 師走”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
  5. 5,0 5,1 Entry in Gogen-Allguide (in Japanese)
Напомене
  1. The expected form would be *しはせ (sipase) or *しはし (sipasi), which are not attested. This explanation is already prevalent in the Heian period, appearing in the Iroha Jiruishō of the 1100s.