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Шаблон:character info/龍 Шаблон:character info/⿓

U+F9C4, 龍
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9C4

[U+F9C3]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9C5]

Flag of the United Nations.svg међународни


Редослед писања
龍-order.gif
Традиционални
Shinjitai
Упрошћени

Han character

(Kangxi radical 212, +0, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜月卜尸心 (YBYSP), четири-угла 01211, composition𦚏)

  1. Кангци радикал #212, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №427

Derived characters

Related characters

Further reading

Chinese Wikisource has digitized text of the Kangxi Dictionary entry for :

Wikisource


  • KangXi: page 1536, карактер 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 48818
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 2076, карактер 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 7, страна 4803, карактер 1
  • Unihan data за U+9F8D

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


trad.
simp.
alternative forms
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Писано Стандардни Кинески?)
  • (Кантонски)
  • (Класични)
  • (Ган)
  • liùng (Hakka)
  • lṳ̀ng (Мин Донг)
  • lêng (Мин Нан)
  • (Ву)

Glyph origin

Историјски облици карактера
Shang Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
龍-bronze-shang.svg 龍-oracle.svg 龍-bronze-spring.svg 龍-silk.svg 龍-slip.svg 龍-seal.svg 龍-bigseal.svg
Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески
*roːŋ, *roːŋʔ

Pictogram (象形) – originally a serpent with prominent whiskered mouth and eyes.

Current form developed in large seal script, with serpent’s body on right (tail at upper right, legs on right), whiskered/fanged mouth at lower left, and eyes/crown at upper left. Left side was subsequently simplified and abstracted, with some influence of and /. Note that existed as a traditional variant dating back to large seal script, and figures a dragon seen face-on, rather than curled around.

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-bru(ŋ/k) (dragon; thunder). Cognate with Тибетански འབྲུག ('brug, dragon; thunder). The STEDT database also lists (“thunder; sound of thunder”) and (“hail”) as cognates. Also compare (“sound of thunder”) and 霹靂 (“thunder”).

This word is found in many languages of the region. Compare Proto-Hmong-Mien *-roŋ (dragon) (White Hmong zaj), Proto-Vietic *-roːŋ (dragon) (Вијетнамски rồng), Вијетнамски thuồng luồng (serpent-like monster), Khmer រោង (roong, year of the dragon), Тајски มะโรง (má-roong, dragon; year of the dragon), Lao ມະໂລງ (ma lōng, year of the dragon), perhaps also Old Turkic [script needed] (*-lan, suffix denoting a wild, predatory animal) (Турски aslan (lion), kaplan (tiger), yılan (snake)).

Pronunciation


Нота: lung4-2 - "goal" and in 烏龍乌龙 (wu1 lung4-2).
Нота:
  • lṳ̀ng - literary;
  • lèng - vernacular (only used in 龍眼);
  • liòng > lùng - literary (only used in 龍船).
  • Мин Нан
  • Нота:
    • lêng - vernacular;
    • gêng/liâng/ngúi - vernacular (only used in 龍眼);
    • liông - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Definitions

    1. (mythology) Chinese dragon (Класификатор: )
    2. (mythology) Western dragon
    3. (figuratively) emperor; sovereign; king; of the emperor
      /   ―  lóng  ―  imperial chair
    4. (figuratively) chief; hero; towering figure
    5. (by extension) dragon-shaped object; long object
    6. (by extension) dragon-adorned object
    7. (zoology, palaeontology) extinct reptilian creature; -saur
      /   ―  kǒnglóng  ―  dinosaur
      翼手 / 翼手  ―  yìshǒulóng  ―  pterodactyl
    8. (Min Dong) to become clear-minded; to be revitalised
    9. (Cantonese, soccer and other sports) goal
    10. (Cantonese) queue; line (Класификатор: c)
      排長 / 排长 [Cantonese]  ―  paai4 coeng4 lung4 [Jyutping]  ―  to form a long queue
    11. (Hong Kong Cantonese, slang) money
    12. (Hong Kong Cantonese, slang) snake meat
    13. A презиме​..
      /   ―  Lóng Yún  ―  Long Yun (Yunnan warlord)

    Compounds

    Descendants

    See also

    References


    Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    Readings

    Compounds

    Usage notes

    • This kanji is the 旧字体 (kyūjitai) form of simplified , itself as isolated 新字体 (shinjitai) kanji, but is used in Jōyō characters and , with the latter categorized as Jōyō as of 2010.
    • Although it is officially simplified into , is often used instead for certain words for its aesthetics (such as in literary contexts or for spelling words borrowed from Chinese). For example, 烏龍茶 (ūroncha, oolong tea) is rarely spelled as 烏竜茶.

    Etymology 1

    Kanji за овај терм
    りゅう
    Jinmeiyō
    goon
    Alternative spelling

    From Средњи Кинески .

    The 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading, so likely the initial borrowing from Средњи Кинески.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (りゅう) (ryū (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

    1. Kyūjitai form of : a Chinese dragon
    2. Kyūjitai form of : Synonym of ドラゴン (doragon): a Western dragon
    3. Kyūjitai form of : (shogi, colloquial) Short for 龍王 (ryūō): dragon king; promoted rook
    4. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with a Chinese dragon design
    Derived terms

    Affix

    (りゅう) (ryū (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

    1. Kyūjitai form of : dragon
    2. Kyūjitai form of : hero
    3. Kyūjitai form of : imperial
    4. Kyūjitai form of : dinosaur
    Derived terms

    Proper noun

    (りゅう) (ryū (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

    1. (astronomy) Short for りゅう座 (Ryūza): the constellation Draco
    2. a male given name
    3. a презиме​.

    Etymology 2

    Kanji за овај терм
    りょう
    Jinmeiyō
    kan’on
    Alternative spelling

    From Средњи Кинески .

    The 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading, so likely a later borrowing from Средњи Кинески.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (りょう) (ryō (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

    1. Kyūjitai form of : (rare or in Chinese contexts) a Chinese dragon

    Affix

    (りょう) (ryō (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

    1. Kyūjitai form of : dragon
    2. Kyūjitai form of : hero
    3. Kyūjitai form of : imperial
    Derived terms

    Etymology 3

    Kanji за овај терм
    たつ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spelling

    ⟨tatu⟩/tat͡su/

    From Стари Јапански.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (たつ) (tatsu (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

    1. Kyūjitai form of : (mythology) a Japanese dragon
      • Шаблон:RQ:Wamyō Ruijushō
        龍 文字集略云:「龍(力鍾反。和名:太都)四足五采甚有神靈者也。」白虎通云:「鱗虫三百六十六而龍爲之長也。」
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    Derived terms

    References

    1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски


    Alternative forms

    Etymology

    From Средњи Кинески . Recorded as Middle Korean 료ᇰ (Yale: lyong) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Pronunciation

    Hanja

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (yong ryong), Јужна Кореја (yong yong))

    1. Hanja form? of / (dragon).

    Compounds

    References

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Old Japanese

    Etymology

    Possibly from the verb 立つ (tatu, to rise, stand).

    Noun

    (tatu) (kana たつ)

    1. a Japanese dragon

    Usage notes

    Also used once phonetically as a 借訓 (shakkun) for ⟨tatu⟩.

    Derived terms

    Descendants

    • Јапански: , (tatsu)

    Pai-lang

    Etymology

    Coblin, reconstructing the Pai-lang pronunciation as *gljung, suggests that it derives from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kl(j)u(ŋ/k) (river, gorge) and retains its consonant cluster, which was lost in Proto-Lolo-Burmese. Compare Тибетански ལྗོངས (ljongs), Кинески .

    Noun

    (*gljung)

    1. gorge

    References

    • W. South Coblin, "A New Study of the Pai-lang Songs" (1979), Tsing Hua Journal of Chinese Studies, 12:179–216
    • Christopher I. Beckwith, "The Pai-lang songs: The earliest texts in a Tibeto-Burman language and their Late Old Chinese transcriptions" (2008), in Medieval Tibeto-Burman Languages III

    Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Вијетнамски


    Alternative forms

    Han character

    : Hán Việt readings: long-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn;bonet;genibrel (()(dung)(thiết))
    : Nôm readings: long-tdcndg;tdcntd;bonet;taberd, lung-tdcndg;tdcntd;btcn, lỏng-btcn;genibrel;taberd, lúng-btcn;bonet, luông-tdcntd, luồng-btcn

    1. Hán tự form of long, “dragon
    2. Hán tự form of Long, “A male given name

    Compounds

    References


    (кинески)

    U+9F8D, 龍
    CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F8D

    [U+9F8C]
    ЦЈК јединствени идеограми
    [U+9F8E]
    Објашњење.
    Змај.

    Изговор:

    пинјин: lóng  
    Аудио: Loudspeaker.svg(датотека)
    Шаблон:zh-cir

    Радикал:

    212

    Шаблон:Karakter

    Значења:

    ...

    Примери:

    1. 2 他捉住那[1]、就是古蛇、又叫魔鬼、也叫撒但 、把他捆綁一千年、
      1. 2 Tā zhuō zhù nà lóng, jiùshì gǔ shé, yòu jiào móguǐ, yě jiào sā dàn, bǎ tā kǔnbǎng yīqiān nián,
        1. 2. И ухвати аждаху, стару змију, која је ђаво и сотона, и свеза је на хиљаду година,
          1. 2 Пет. 2:4, Откр. 12:7, Откр. 12:9
            1. 1 3


    simp. and trad.

    Синоними:

    ...


    Хомофони:

    ...

    Хомографи:

    ...

    ХСК ниво:

    ...

    Асоцијације:

    1. A презиме​.

    Изведене речи:

    ...


    Сродни чланци са Википедије:


    Преводи

    Презиме:

    001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033 034 035 036 037 038 039 040 041 042 043 044 045 046 047 048 049 050 051 052 053 054 055 056 057 058 059 060 061 062 063 064 065 066 067 068 069 070 071 072 073 074 075 076 077 078 079 080 081 082 083 084 085 086 087 088 089 090 091 092 093 094 095 096 097 098 099 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249

    Референце

    Спољашње везе

    211 00 213 0

    Шаблон:Kate