そう

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Etymology 1

Alternative spelling
然う (rare)

/sau//sɔː//soː/

Adverb

そう (さう (sau)?

  1. so, like that, in such a way, such
    それそう。/そりゃそうだろ。
    Sore wa . / Sorya daro.
    Well, of course.
See also

Interjection

そう (さう (sau)?

  1. yes, yeah; it's like that; that's how it is; I see. (interjection to show that the speaker is paying attention)
Synonyms

Etymology 2

/sau//sɔː//soː/

Probably either a shift from (sama), or directly from (). Appears from the Muromachi period.[1][2]

Possibly influenced by, or developed by analogy to, the adverbial and interjectional (然う).

Pronunciation

  • МФА(кључ): [so̞ː]
  • In Tokyo accent, the accent of the verb construction depends on the suffixed verb:[3]
Suffixed verb is accented Suffixed verb is non-accented
Continuative stem + そう () (evidential) Result has the accent on the (so) mora
Example: くりそーだ [tsùkúrísóꜜòdà]
Result is non-accented
Example: そびそーだ [àsóbísóódá]
Finite form + そう () (hearsay) Result keeps the original accent
Example: るそーだ [tsùkúꜜrùsòòdà]
Result is accented on the (so) mora
Example: そぶそーだ [àsóbúsóꜜòdà]

Suffix

そう (-sō

  1. seeming that, seeming like, appearing that
Usage notes

This productive suffix meaning “seeming like” can come after a full phrase in plain form, or after a verb or adjective stem, thereby forming a -na adjective.

  • After a full phrase in plain form, the resulting phrase implies reported speech, something heard from someone else. For example, the verb 降る (furu, to fall from the sky) plus this suffix forms 降るそう (furu , I've heard that it will rain” or “someone told me that it will rain). The adjective 美味しい (oishii, delicious) plus this suffix forms 美味しいそう (oishii , I've heard that it's delicious).
  • After a verb or adjective stem, the resulting word means “it looks like X”. For example, the stem 降り (furi-) of the verb 降る (furu, to fall from the sky) plus this suffix forms 降りそう (furi, it looks like it will rain). The stem 美味し (oishi-) of the adjective 美味しい (oishii, delicious) plus this suffix forms 美味しそう (oishi, looks delicious). However, いい (ii) + そう becomes よさそう (yosasō) and ない (nai) + そう becomes なさそう (nasasō).

The suffix should not be used after stem forms describing visually obvious physical traits like color. Although 赤いそう (akai , I've heard that it's red) would be valid, *赤そう (aka, it seems red) would not. Another example of this is that 可愛い (kawaii) means someone looks cute so it does not need another そう. (かわいそう (kawaisō) does exist, but means “pitiful” or “poor”.) The suffix should, however, be used when describing another person's mood or mental state. For example, if another person looks glad, one says 嬉しそう (ureshi, you seem glad), which is more natural and polite than saying 嬉しい (ureshii, you are glad).

This word is morphologically a clitic after a phrase in plain form, and an inflectional suffix after a verb or adjective stem. It is classified as a 助動詞 (jodōshi, auxiliary verb) in traditional Japanese grammar.

Etymology 3

Various.

Adjective

そう (-na (adnominal そう (sō na), adverbial そう (sō ni))

  1. : vibrant, manly, brave

Counter

そう (-sō

  1. : pairs
  2. :
  3. : floors in a building
  4. : small boats

Noun

そう (

За изговор и дефиниције од そう – види , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , 左右, 疎雨, 疏雨.
(Овај појам, そう, је an alternative spelling of the above terms.)

(Следећи уноси је нестворен: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , 左右, 疎雨, 疏雨.)

Prefix

そう (sō-

  1. : gross, general

Proper noun

そう (

  1. : A male given name
  2. : A презиме​..
  3. : Song

Suffix

そう (-sō

  1. : race, run

Verb

そう (

  1. 添う, 副う: to accompany; to comply with
  2. 沿う: to follow; to run along
  3. : (auxiliary) be, do

References

  1. 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. Online Japanese Accent Dictionary (OJAD)