Пређи на навигацију Пређи на претрагу
Hiragana letter Na.svg
U+306A, な
HIRAGANA LETTER NA

[U+3069]
Хирагана
[U+306B]

Јапански[уреди]

Редослед писања
4 потеза

Изговор[уреди]

Етимологија 1[уреди]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Слог[уреди]

(romaji na)

  1. The hiragana syllable (na). Its equivalent in katakana is (na). It is the двадесет-први syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (na-gyō a-dan, row na, section a).
Видите такође[уреди]

Етимологија 2[уреди]

Probably derived from mild emphatic interjection and sentence-final particle , itself from Стари Јапански, indicating a general sense of admiration or consideration, or hope that the preceding statement comes to pass.

Interjection[уреди]

(na

  1. (masculine, informal, mild emphatic) Used to get someone's attention. Carries generally neutral or slightly positive connotations.
     ()いたかい
    Na, kiita kai.
    Hey, did you hear?

Честица[уреди]

(na

  1. (informal, mild emphatic) Indicates emotion or mild emphasis. Sentence-final.
    そう
    Sō ka na.
    Huh, is that so.
Корисне белешке[уреди]
It is often used when you speak to yourself, and can be considered less formal than the agreement-asking particle .
Синоними[уреди]

Етимологија 3[уреди]

/ni aru//naru//na/

From Стари Јапански. Originally an abbreviation of (ni, particle) + ある (aru, the attributive form of classical あり ari, “to be”).[1]

Честица[уреди]

(na

  1. The copula particle used after 形容動詞 (keiyōdōshi, literally “adjective verb”, often referred to in English teaching texts as -na adjective) to make them function as adjectives.
     (へん) (ひと)
    hen na hito
    a strange person
Корисне белешке[уреди]

The older なる (naru) form is still used to impart a more formal, archaic, or poetic sense.

 (しず)なる (でん) (えん)
shizuka naru den'en
the quiet countryside

Етимологија 4[уреди]

From Стари Јапански. Probably the root na of the negative adjective ない (nai). An alternate theory is that this is the imperfective conjugation of negative auxiliary verb (zu).

Честица[уреди]

(na

  1. (masculine, informal, added after the dictionary form of a verb) Used to indicate prohibition: don't.
     ()
    Iku na!
    Don't go!
     () (だん) (いん) (よう)する
    Mudan de in'yō suru na.
    Don't quote it without permission.
Корисне белешке[уреди]

Considered very informal and potentially brusque depending on tone of voice. This would never be used in polite conversation, where the construction ~ないで下さい (~naide kudasai) would be used instead, appended to the imperfective stem of the verb in question. Examples:

  • Addressing close friends, children, or possibly subordinates:
    する
    Don't do that
    (молим додајте Српски превод за овај пример)
  • Addressing anyone else:
    ないで ください
    (Please) Don't do that
    (молим додајте Српски превод за овај пример)

Етимологија 5[уреди]

Abbreviation of polite imperative auxiliary verb form なさい (nasai).

Суфикс[уреди]

(na[[Категорија:Јапански Шаблон:error]]

  1. (informal, added after the stem form of a verb) An imperative or command: do.
    あっち ()ぼうや
    Atchi e ikina, bōya.
    Go over there, boy → Get out of the way, boy!
     (すわ)
    Suwarina yo.
    SitHave a seat.
Корисне белешке[уреди]

A casual way of issuing commands. Not as rough as the imperative conjugation of a verb. Usage restricted to addressing friends, children, or subordinates.

 ()
tabena
eat!

In spoken Japanese, the prohibitive na and the imperative na are also differentiated by pitch accent patterns. For prohibitive na, the pitch on the suffix follows the pitch on the verb stem. For imperative na, the pitch is higher than on the verb stem.

Примери:

  • 書く (kaku na, “don't write”) → くな
  • 書き (kaki na, “write”) → か
Синоними[уреди]

Roughly in order of politeness:

Етимологија 6[уреди]

The hiragana rendering of various other words.

Именица[уреди]

(na

  1. : A name.
  2. : Fish as a food, particularly as a side dish.
  3. : Greens as a food, particularly as a side dish.
  4. : A side dish, be it meat or fish or greens.
  5. : A lack of something.
  6. : Driving away the gods of disease.

Број[уреди]

(na

  1. : (obsolete) Seven.
Синоними[уреди]

Заменица[уреди]

(na

  1. , : (obsolete) The first-person personal pronoun: I, me; the second-person personal pronoun: you.

Референце[уреди]

  1. 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Шаблон:ja119:001