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English language.svg Енглески

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Средњи Енглески on, from Стари Енглески on, an (on, upon, onto, in, into), from Proto-Germanic *ana (on, at), from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₂en-. Cognate with Севернофризски a (on, in), Saterland Frisian an (on, at), West Frisian oan (on, at), Холандски aan (on, at, to), Low German an (on, at), Немачки an (to, at, on), Шведски å (on, at, in), Фарски á (on, onto, in, at), Исландски á (on, in), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌰 (ana), Антички Грчки ἀνά (aná, up, upon), Албански (in); and from Old Norse upp á: Дански , Шведски , Норвешки , see upon.

Adjective

on (not comparable)

  1. In the state of being active, functioning or operating.
    Antonym: off
    All the lights are on, so they must be home.
  2. Performing according to schedule; taking place.
    Are we still on for tonight?
    Is the show still on?
    We had to ration our food because there was a war on.
    That TV programme that you wanted to watch is on now.
  3. Fitted; covering; being worn.
    Your feet will soon warm up once your socks are on.
    I was trying to drink out of the bottle while the top was still on!
  4. (postpositive) Of a stated part of something, oriented towards the viewer or other specified direction.
    The photograph shows the UFO side on.
    edge on, side on, end on, face on
  5. (chiefly UK, informal, usually negative) Acceptable, appropriate.
    You can't do that; it's just not on.
    • 1998 May 22, "Phoenix Gamma", If I was owned Nintendo..., alt.games.video.nintendo-64:
      This kind of over-packaging of goods is completely not on.
    • 2003 August 12, "DAB sounds worse than FM", Gerg Dyke's Speech at Radio Festival, alt.radio.digital:
      so Simon Nelson saying on Feedback "we'd prefer it if everybody listened to digital radio via DAB" is completely not on at all.
  6. (informal) Destined, normally in the context of a challenge being accepted; involved, doomed.
    "Five bucks says the Cavs win tonight." ―"You're on!"
    Mike just threw coffee onto Paul's lap. It's on now.
  7. (baseball, informal) Having reached a base as a runner and being positioned there, awaiting further action from a subsequent batter.
    • 2019 фебруар 24, Chris Kennedy, “Aggies Earn Series Win Over Yale in Sunday Finale”, in New Mexico State University Athletics[1]:
      With one out and no men on, Tristen Carranza belted a ball to the opposite field for a solo home run to put the NM State deficit at just 2-1.
    • 2019 април 6, Daniel Martinez-Krams, “Baseball Falls Short in Game 2 of UCLA Series”, in The Stanford Daily[2]:
      Although Stanford was outhit 15-6, the Cardinal stranded eight runners to UCLA's three, hitting just 3-15 with runners on compared to the Bruin's 9-22.
  8. (cricket) Within the half of the field on the same side as the batsman's legs; the left side for a right-handed batsman.
    Синоним: leg; Antonym: off
    The captain moved two fielders to the on side.
    Ponsonby-Smythe hit a thumping on drive.
  9. (euphemistic) Menstruating.
    • 2011, Netmums, Hollie Smith, You and Your Tween: Managing the years from 9 to 13, Hachette, →ISBN:
      It still gets in the way of her doing things like swimming, and she avoids sleepovers when she's 'on'.
Synonyms
  • (baseball: positioned at a base): on base (not informal)
Translations

Adverb

on (not comparable)

For idiomatic meanings of phrasal verbs, such as carry on, hang on, have on, try on, etc., please see the individual entries.

  1. To an operating state.
    turn the television on
  2. So as to cover or be fitted.
    The lid wasn't screwed on properly.
    Put on your hat and gloves.
  3. Along, forwards (continuing an action).
    drive on, rock on
    • 2012 мај 5, Phil McNulty, “Chelsea 2-1 Liverpool”, in BBC Sport[3]:
      He met Luis Suarez's cross at the far post, only for Chelsea keeper Petr Cech to show brilliant reflexes to deflect his header on to the bar. Carroll turned away to lead Liverpool's insistent protests that the ball had crossed the line but referee Phil Dowd and assistant referee Andrew Garratt waved play on, with even a succession of replays proving inconclusive.
  4. In continuation, at length.
    and so on
    He rambled on and on.
  5. (obsolete in the US) Later.
    Ten years on, nothing had changed in the village.
  6. Of betting odds, denoting a better-than-even chance. See also odds-on.
    Antonym: against
    That horse is twenty-to-one on, so you need to stake twenty pounds just to win one pound.
Antonyms
Translations

Preposition

A green pepper on (with its position being the upper surface of) a box

on

  1. Positioned at the upper surface of, touching from above.
    A vase of flowers stood on the table.
    Please lie down on the couch.
    The parrot was sitting on Jim's shoulder.
  2. Positioned at or resting against the outer surface of; attached to.
    He had a scar on the side of his face.
    There is a dirty smudge on this window.
    The painting hangs on the wall.
    The fruit ripened on the trees.
  3. Expressing figurative placement or attachment.
    All of the responsibility is on him.
    I put a bet on the winning horse.
  4. Denoting performance or action by contact with the surface, upper part, or outside of anything; hence, by means of; with.
    to play on a violin or piano
  5. At or in (a certain region or location).
    The lighthouse that you can see is on the mainland.
    The suspect is thought to still be on the campus.
  6. Near; adjacent to; alongside.
    The fleet is on the American coast.
  7. Supported by (the specified part of itself).
    A table can't stand on two legs.
    After resting on his elbows, he stood on his toes, then walked on his heels.
  8. So as to impart force to.
    tug on the rope; push hard on the door
  9. So as to impact; against.
    I stubbed my toe on an old tree stump.
  10. Covering.
    He wore old shoes on his feet.
  11. (with certain modes of transport, especially public transport) Inside (a vehicle) for the purpose of travelling.
    on a bus, on a train, on a plane
  12. At the date of.
    Born on the 4th of July.
  13. Some time during the day of.
    On Sunday I'm busy. I'll see you on Monday.
    Can I see you on a different day?
  14. At a given time after the start of something; at.
    Smith scored again on twelve minutes, doubling Mudchester Rovers' lead.
    • 2011 септембар 24, Aled Williams, “Chelsea 4-1 Swansea”, in BBC Sport:
      The Spain striker had given Chelsea the lead on 29 minutes but was shown a straight red card 10 minutes later for a rash challenge on Mark Gower.
  15. Dealing with the subject of; about; concerning.
    I was reading a book on history.
    The city hosted the World Summit on the Information Society
    I have no opinion on this subject.
  16. (informal) In the possession of.
    I haven't got any money on me.
  17. Because of, or due to.
    to arrest someone on suspicion of bribery
    to contact someone on a hunch
  18. Upon; at the time of (and often because of).
    On Jack's entry, William got up to leave.
    On the addition of ammonia, a chemical reaction begins.
  19. Paid for by.
    The drinks are on me tonight, boys.
    The meal is on the house.
    I paid for the airfare and meals for my family, but the hotel room was on the company.
  20. Indicating a means or medium.
    I saw it on television.
    Can't you see I'm on the phone?
    My favorite shows are on BBC America.
    The Beatles' appearance on the Ed Sullivan Show is on YouTube.
    The film was released on DVD.
  21. Indicating the target of, or thing affected by, an event or action.
    They planned an attack on London.
    The soldiers mutinied and turned their guns on their officers.
    Her words made a lasting impression on my mind.
    What will be the effect on morale?
  22. Toward; for; indicating the object of an emotion.
    Have pity or compassion on him.
  23. Indicating a means of subsistence.
    They lived on ten dollars a week.
    The dog survived three weeks on rainwater.
  24. Engaged in or occupied with (an action or activity).
    He's on his lunch break.
    I'm on nights all this week.
    on vacation; on holiday; on the job; on the fiddle
  25. Regularly taking (a drug).
    You've been on these antidepressants far too long.
    He's acting so strangely, I think he must be on something.
  26. Under the influence of (a drug).
    He's acting crazy because he's on crack right now.
  27. (mathematics) Having identical domain and codomain.
    a function on
  28. (mathematics) Having as domain and V as codomain, for some set V and integer n.
    an operator on
  29. (mathematics) Generated by.
    the free group on four letters
  30. In addition to; besides; indicating multiplication or succession in a series.
    heaps on heaps of food
    mischief on mischief; loss on loss
  31. (obsolete, regional) of
  32. Indicating dependence or reliance.
    I depended on them for assistance.
    He will promise on certain conditions.
  33. (obsolete) At the peril of, or for the safety of.
  34. Serving as a member of.
    He is on the jury; I am on the committee.
  35. By virtue of; with the pledge of.
    He affirmed or promised on his word, or on his honour.
  36. To the account or detriment of; denoting imprecation or invocation, or coming to, falling, or resting upon.
    On us be all the blame.
    A curse on him!
    Please don't tell on her and get her in trouble.
    He turned on her and has been her enemy ever since.
    He went all honest on me, making me listen to his confession.
  37. (especially when numbers of combatants or competitors are specified) Against; in opposition to.
    The fight was three on one, and he never stood a chance.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations

Verb

on (third-person singular simple present +, present participle oning or onning, simple past and past participle oned or onned)

  1. (Singapore, Philippines, Malaysia, transitive, colloquial) to switch on
    Can you on the light?
    Синоним: turn on

Etymology 2

From Old Norse ón, án (without), from Proto-Germanic *ēnu, *ēno, *ino (without), from Пра-Индо-Европски *ḗnu (without). Cognate with Севернофризски on (without), Средњи Холандски an, on (without), Middle Low German āne (without), Немачки ohne (without), Gothic 𐌹𐌽𐌿 (inu, without, except), Антички Грчки ἄνευ (áneu, without).

Alternative forms

Preposition

on

  1. (UK dialectal, Scotland) Without.
Usage notes
  • Usually followed by a present participle, as being, having, etc.

Etymology 3

From Јапански 音読み (on'yomi, literally sound reading).

Noun

on

  1. In the Japanese language, a pronunciation, or reading, of a kanji character that was originally based on the character's pronunciation in Chinese, contrasted with kun.
    Most kanji have two kinds of reading, called "on" and "kun".
Related terms

References

  • on at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams


Azerbaijani

Азербејџански кардинал бројеви
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Ordinal : onuncu

Etymology

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten).[1] Cognate with Old Turkic [Term?] (/on/, ten).

Pronunciation

Numeral

Остала писма
Ћирилица
Латиница
Perso-Arabic

on

  1. ten

References


Basque

Etymology

From Proto-Basque *boń.

Pronunciation

Adjective

on (comparative hobe, superlative onen or hoberen, excessive onegi)

  1. good
  2. useful, convenient

Declension

Шаблон:eu-decl-adj

Further reading


Catalan

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old Catalan on (whence), from Латински unde (whence). Compare Occitan ont, Стари Француски ont (Француски dont), Шпански onde.

Pronunciation

Adverb

Шаблон:ca-adv

  1. where

References


Central Franconian

Alternative forms

  • un (widely in free variation)
  • en (some western dialects)

Etymology

The native form in most dialects was Old High German indi, whence the variant en. In parts of the Eifel, this indi regularly becomes on (compare Luxembourgish an). In southern and eastern dialects, on the other hand, on may have been inherited from the Old High German variant unde (unti). From these two groups of dialects, the form will have spread, without doubt under influence of Немачки und.

Pronunciation

Conjunction

on

  1. and
    Salz on Päfer
    salt and pepper

Classical Nahuatl

Pronoun

on, ōn

  1. (demonstrative) that; those

Related terms

References

  • Michel Launey; Christopher Mackay (2011) An Introduction to Classical Nahuatl, Amazon Kindle: Cambridge University Press, pages Loc 1408

Cornish

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *ognos, from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₂egʷnós (lamb).

Pronunciation

Noun

on m (plural en)

  1. lamb

Crimean Tatar

Numeral

on

  1. ten

Czech

Etymology

From Old Czech on, from Прасловенски *onъ, from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₁ónos

Pronunciation

Pronoun

Шаблон:cs-pron

  1. he (third person personal singular)

Declension

Related terms

Шаблон:cs-personal pronouns

Further reading

  • on in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • on in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch

Adverb

Шаблон:nl-adv

  1. rarely used as shorthand for oneven (odd), the prefix on- means not (corresponds to English un-)


Estonian

Pronunciation

Verb

on

  1. third-person singular present indicative of olema
  2. third-person plural present indicative of olema

Finnish

Pronunciation

Шаблон:fi-pronunciation

Verb

on

  1. third-person singular indicative present of olla
    Se on tuolla.
    It is there.
    Se on ollut tuolla.
    It has been there.

Anagrams

  • no (alphagram no)

French

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Стари Француски hom, om (nominative form), from Латински homō (human being) (compare homme from the Old French oblique form home, from the Latin accusative form hominem). Its pronominal use is of Germanic origin. Compare Стари Енглески man (one, they, people), reduced form of Стари Енглески mann (person); Каталонски hom; Немачки man (one, they, people); Холандски men (one, they, people).

Pronunciation

Pronoun

on

  1. (indefinite) one, people, you, someone (an unspecified individual)
    Синонимs: quelqu'un (in some contexts), l'on (formal)
    • 2003, Natasha St. Pier, L’instant d’après (album), Quand on cherche l’amour (song)

      fr

      —Quand on cherche l'amour..., When one searches for love...
  1. On ne peut pas pêcher iciYou can’t fish here
  2. (personal, informal) we
    Синоним: nous (in some contexts)
    • 2021, Zaz, Tout là-haut

      fr

      On oublie nos certitudes, We forget our certainties
  1. On s’est amusés.We had fun.

Usage notes

  • In informal French, on has almost completely replaced the pronoun nous (we) to indicate the first person plural.
  • The verb is always conjugated in the third-person singular, but a following attribute may optionally agree with on or the plural subject implicit therein.
    On y est allé / allés / allées.We went there.
    On est prêt / prêts / prêtes.We are ready.
  • The variant l'on is used in more formal or literary contexts. Some use it especially after que (que l'on) to avoid the contraction qu'on, which is homophonous with the vulgar word con.

Related terms

Descendants

  • Есперанто: oni
  • Interlingue: on

Further reading

Anagrams


German Low German

Conjunction

on

  1. (in several dialects, including Low Prussian) Alternative form of un (and)
    Melk on Brot
    milk and bread

Guerrero Nahuatl

Noun

on

  1. the

Ido

Pronunciation

Pronoun

on

  1. Шаблон:apocopic form of; one, someone, they (indefinite personal pronoun)

See also


Ingrian

Pronunciation

Verb

on

  1. third-person singular indicative present of olla

References


Interlingua

Pronoun

on

  1. one (indefinite personal pronoun)

Japanese

Romanization

on

  1. Rōmaji transcription of おん

Karelian

Verb

on

  1. (there) is

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Стари Енглески on, from Proto-West Germanic *an, from Proto-Germanic *ana (on, at).

Preposition

on

  1. on, in

Adverb

Шаблон:enm-adv

  1. on
Alternative forms

Descendants

  • Енглески: on
  • Шкотски: an, on
  • Yola: an, a

References

Etymology 2

Numeral

on

  1. Alternative form of oon

Pronoun

on

  1. Alternative form of oon

Adverb

Шаблон:enm-adv

  1. Alternative form of oon

Determiner

on

  1. (Early ME) Alternative form of a (indefinite article)

Etymology 3

Verb

on

  1. (Early ME) first/third-person singular present of unnen

Etymology 4

Noun

on (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of wone (course)

Etymology 5

Noun

on (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of oven

Northern Sami

Etymology

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg Ово entry недостаје етимолошких информација. Ако сте упознати са пореклом овог израза, додајте га на страницу etymology instructions. Такође можете да разговарате о томе Етимолошки текстови.

Pronunciation

Adverb

Шаблон:se-adv

  1. again

Further reading


Occitan

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

  • (file)

Adverb

Шаблон:oc-adv

  1. (Gascony) where

References


Old Czech

Etymology

From Прасловенски *onъ, from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₁ónos.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

on (third person)

  1. he

Declension

Шаблон:zlw-ocs-decl-noun

Descendants

  • Чешки: on

Old English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *ana

Pronunciation

Preposition

Шаблон:ang-prep

  1. on, in, at, among [+dative or instrumental]
On þæm huse
In the house
  1. on, during [+accusative]
On midne winter
In mid-winter

Adverb

Шаблон:ang-adv

  1. (with verbs of taking or depriving) from

Descendants

  • Средњи Енглески: an, on

Old French

Alternative forms

Etymology

See hom, om.

Pronoun

on

  1. one (gender-neutral third-person singular pronoun)

Descendants

  • Француски: on

Old Frisian

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *an, from Proto-Germanic *an (on), from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₂en- (up). Cognates include Стари Енглески on, Old Saxon ana and Стари Холандски ana.

Pronunciation

Preposition

on

  1. on

Descendants

  • Севернофризски: a
  • Saterland Frisian: an, oun
  • West Frisian: oan

References


Old Irish

Pronoun

on

  1. Алтернативно спеловање од ón

Article

on

  1. Алтернативно спеловање од ón

Polish

Etymology

Inherited from Прасловенски *onъ, from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₁ónos.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

on (plural: masculine personal oni, all others one)

  1. he (for animate nouns), it (for inanimate nouns)

Declension

Related terms

Pronoun

on m

  1. (dated) this (demonstrative)

Declension

Шаблон:pl-decl-adj

See also

Further reading

  • on in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • on in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romani

Alternative forms

Pronoun

on

  1. they[1][2][3]

Descendants

  • Kalo Finnish Romani: joon
  • Vlax Romani: von

See also

Шаблон:Romani personal pronouns

References

  1. Шаблон:R:rom:Boretzky-Igla
  2. Шаблон:R:Courthiade:2009
  3. Yaron Matras; Anton Tenser, editors (2020), “Romani and Contact Linguistics”, in The Palgrave Handbook of Romani Language and Linguistics, DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-28105-2_11, →ISBN, page 341

Romansch

Alternative forms

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Surmiran) onn
  • (Puter) an

Etymology

From Латински annus.

Noun

Шаблон:rm-noun

  1. (Sutsilvan, Vallader) year

Sedang

Etymology

From Proto-Bahnaric *ʔuɲ. Cognate with Bahnar ŭnh and Hre ùnh.

Pronunciation

Noun

on

  1. fire

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Прасловенски *onъ, from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₁ónos.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

ȏn (Ћирилица правопис о̑н)

  1. he

Declension

See also


Slovak

Etymology

From Прасловенски *onъ, from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₁ónos; inflected forms from Прасловенски *jь, from Пра-Индо-Европски *éy.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

on

  1. he (third-person personal masculine singular pronoun)

Declension

Further reading

  • on in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene

Etymology

From Прасловенски *onъ, from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₁ónos.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

Script error: The function "show" does not exist.

  1. he

Inflection

Шаблон:sl-decl-pron-on

See also


Southeastern Tepehuan

Etymology

From Proto-Uto-Aztecan *ona.

Noun

on

  1. salt

References


Swedish

Noun

on

  1. indefinite plural of o

Anagrams


Turkish

Турски кардинал бројеви
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Ordinal : onuncu
    Distributive : onar
Турски Wikipedia article on on

Etymology

From Ottoman Turkish اون(on), from Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten). Compare Old Turkic 𐰆𐰣(un¹ /on/, ten)

Numeral

on

  1. ten

Declension

Шаблон:tr-infl-noun-c


Turkmen

Etymology

From Old Turkic 𐰆𐰣(un¹ /on/, ten), from Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten).

Numeral

on

  1. ten

Venetian

Article

on m sg

  1. a, an

Usage notes

  • Variant of un

Volapük

Etymology

Borrowed from Француски on.

Pronoun

on

  1. it
  2. (obsolete, indefinite personal pronoun) one

Declension

Шаблон:vo-decl-pronoun


Walloon

Alternative forms

Etymology

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg Ово entry недостаје етимолошких информација. Ако сте упознати са пореклом овог израза, додајте га на страницу etymology instructions. Такође можете да разговарате о томе Етимолошки текстови.

Pronunciation

МФА(кључ): /ɔ̃/

Numeral

on

  1. one

Yola

Preposition

on

  1. Alternative form of an
    • 1867, “THE WEDDEEN O BALLYMORE”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 1:
      On his lhaung-tyel garraane.
      On his long tail pony.

References