Пређи на садржај

un-

Такође погледајте: Додатак:Варијанте од "un"

Енглески[уреди]

Етимологија 1[уреди]

Од Middle English un-, од Old English un-, од Proto-Germanic *un-, од Proto-Indo-European *n̥-. Cognate with Scots un-, on- (un-), North Frisian ün-, Saterland Frisian uun-, West Frisian ûn-, on-, Холандски on-, Low German un-, on-, Немачки un-, Дански u-, Шведски o-, Norwegian u-, Icelandic ó-. More distant cognate with Латински in-, Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-) (whence Енглески a-, modern Грчки α- (a-)) и Санскрт अ- (a-).

Дублети of in- и a-.

Префикс[уреди]

un-

  1. (added to adjectives or past participles) not
    unannounced — “not being announced”
    uneducated — “not educated”
    unattractive — “not attractive”
    unconstitutional — “not constitutional”
  2. (added to nouns) absent; lacking; not; negative
    ungrace (lack of grace, gracelessness)
    unrest (a lack of rest (peace); war)
    unhope (despair)
    unfriend (enemy)
    unrepair
    unluck (misfortune)
    unnova
    uncertainty (lack or absence of certainty)
  3. (added to nouns) contrary to or contrasted against traditional norms; unconventional; alternative
    unconference
    unmethod
Usage notes[уреди]
  • Some words formed in this way may also have counterparts using in- or non-.
Derived terms[уреди]
Категорија Енглески terms prefixed with un- није пронађена
Translations[уреди]

NOTE: Words using the prefix un- do not necessarily use the prefixes given here when translated. See individual words for more accurate translations.

Etymology 2[уреди]

From Middle English on-, from Old English ond-, and- (against, facing, toward; in return, back, without), from Proto-Germanic *anda-, *andi- (against), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂énti (across, forth, forward, ahead), from *h₂ént- (end, limit, forehead). More at and-.

Prefix[уреди]

un-

  1. (added to verbs and nouns to form verbs) reverse, opposite
    to undress — “to take one's clothes off”
    to unwind — “to reverse a winding”
    to unlock — “to undo the locking of”
    • 1996, Diane Warren (writer), Toni Braxton (singer), “Un-Break My Heart”, Secrets, LaFace
      Un-cry these tears I cried so many nights / Un-break my heart
  2. release, free, remove, extract.
    to uncage — “to release from a cage”
    to untangle — “to remove the tangling of”
Usage notes[уреди]
  • Only certain words can take un- to form a new word with the opposite meaning. In particular, verbs that describe an irreversible action produce words often considered nonsense, e.g. unkill, unspend, unlose, unring. These words may nevertheless be in occasional use for humorous or other effect.
Synonyms[уреди]
Translations[уреди]

NOTE: Words using the prefix un- do not necessarily use the prefixes given here when translated. See individual words for more accurate translations.

Etymology 3[уреди]

From Латински ūnus.

Prefix[уреди]

un-

  1. Used to form temporary names of elements (such as unbiunium) whose existence has been predicted, and have not yet been given a trivial name.
Synonyms[уреди]

References[уреди]

Anagrams[уреди]


German[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Proto-Germanic *un-, from Proto-Indo-European *n̥-.

Pronunciation[уреди]

  • МФА(кључ): /ʊn/, [ʔʊn]
  • In compounds, the prefix usually carries the stress, though there are exceptions to this.

Prefix[уреди]

un-

  1. un- (denoting absence, a lack of; violative of; contrary to)
  2. grave; bad; horrifying
    Ding (thing) + ‎un- → ‎Unding (something unacceptable)
    Fall (case, situation) + ‎un- → ‎Unfall (accident)
    Mensch (human being) + ‎un- → ‎Unmensch (brute, barbarian)
    Tier (animal) + ‎un- → ‎Untier (beast, monster)
    Wetter (weather) + ‎un- → ‎Unwetter (storm, severe weather)

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Немачки terms prefixed with un- није пронађена

Gothic[уреди]

Romanization[уреди]

un-

  1. Romanization of 𐌿𐌽-

Luxembourgish[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

Compare Немачки an-, Холандски aan-, Енглески on-.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Prefix[уреди]

un-

  1. prefixed form of un (at, on)
    1. at, to, toward
    2. on, up
    3. used to make certain intransitive verbs transitive
      léien (to tell a lie) + ‎un- → ‎uléien (to lie to someone)

Usage notes[уреди]

  • The prefix is contracted to u- before non-alveolar consonants.

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Luxembourgish terms prefixed with un- није пронађена

Manx[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From un (one, single).

Prefix[уреди]

un-

  1. uni-, mono-, one

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Manx terms prefixed with un- није пронађена

Old English[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Proto-Germanic *un-, from Proto-Indo-European *n̥-, a prefix use of the particle *ne (not). Cognate with Old Saxon un-, Холандски on-, Old High German un- (Немачки un-), Old Norse ó- (Шведски o-, Norwegian u-), and Gothic 𐌿𐌽- (un-). The Indo-European root is also the source of Антички Грчки α- (a-), αν- (an-), Латински in-, and Old Irish in-.

Prefix[уреди]

un-

  1. Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:labels/data/lang/ang' not found. negation, privation, or absence of
  2. bad (used to denote a pejorative sense) (compare mis-, mal-)
    un- + ‎dǣd (action, deed, event, exploit) → ‎undǣd (un-deed, bad deed)
    un- + ‎lǣċe (physician, doctor) → ‎unlǣċe (bad physician)
  3. Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:labels/data/lang/ang' not found. down
    un- + ‎settan (to set, establish, place, make) → ‎unsettan (to set down, put down)
Descendants[уреди]
  • Middle English: un-
    • Scots: un-
    • Енглески: un-

Etymology 2[уреди]

Originally identical with and-, from Proto-Germanic *and-. Cognate with Old Frisian und-, Old Saxon ant-, Old High German ant- (Немачки ent-).

Alternative forms[уреди]

Prefix[уреди]

un-

  1. Forming verbs from verbs, with an opposite or reversive sense.

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Old English terms prefixed with un- није пронађена