un-

Извор: Викиречник
Иди на навигацију Иди на претрагу
Такође погледајте: Додатак:Варијанте од "un"

Енглески[уреди]

Етимологија 1[уреди]

Од Средњи Енглески un-, од Стари Енглески un-, од Пра-Германски *un-, од Пра-Индо-Европски *n̥-. Cognate with Шкотски un-, on- (un-), North Frisian ün-, Saterland Frisian uun-, Западни Фризијски ûn-, on-, Холандски on-, Low German un-, on-, Немачки un-, Дански u-, Шведски o-, Норвешки u-, Исландски ó-. More distant cognate with Латински in-, Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-) (whence Енглески a-, modern Грчки α- (a-)) и Санскрт अ- (a-).

Doublet of in- и a-.

Префикс[уреди]

un-

  1. (added to adjectives or past participles) not
    unannounced — “not being announced”
    uneducated — “not educated”
    unattractive — “not attractive”
    unconstitutional — “not constitutional”
  2. (added to nouns) absent; lacking; not; negative
    ungrace (lack of grace, gracelessness)
    unrest (a lack of rest (peace); war)
    unhope (despair)
    unfriend (enemy)
    unrepair
    unluck (misfortune)
    unnova
    uncertainty (lack or absence of certainty)
  3. (added to nouns) contrary to or contrasted against traditional norms; unconventional; alternative
    unconference
    unmethod
Usage notes[уреди]
  • Some words formed in this way may also have counterparts using in- or non-.
Derived terms[уреди]
Категорија Енглески речи са префиксом un- није пронађена
Translations[уреди]

NOTE: Words using the prefix un- do not necessarily use the prefixes given here when translated. See individual words for more accurate translations.

Etymology 2[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески on-, from Стари Енглески ond-, and- (against, facing, toward; in return, back, without), from Пра-Германски *anda-, *andi- (against), from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₂énti (across, forth, forward, ahead), from *h₂ént- (end, limit, forehead). More at and-.

Prefix[уреди]

un-

  1. (added to verbs and nouns to form verbs) reverse, opposite
    to undress — “to take one's clothes off”
    to unwind — “to reverse a winding”
    to unlock — “to undo the locking of”
    • 1996, Diane Warren (writer), Toni Braxton (singer), “Un-Break My Heart”, Secrets, LaFace
      Un-cry these tears I cried so many nights / Un-break my heart
  2. release, free, remove, extract.
    to uncage — “to release from a cage”
    to untangle — “to remove the tangling of”
Usage notes[уреди]
  • Only certain words can take un- to form a new word with the opposite meaning. In particular, verbs that describe an irreversible action produce words often considered nonsense, e.g. unkill, unspend, unlose, unring. These words may nevertheless be in occasional use for humorous or other effect.
Synonyms[уреди]
Translations[уреди]

NOTE: Words using the prefix un- do not necessarily use the prefixes given here when translated. See individual words for more accurate translations.

Etymology 3[уреди]

From Латински ūnus.

Prefix[уреди]

un-

  1. Used to form temporary names of elements (such as unbiunium) whose existence has been predicted, and have not yet been given a trivial name.
Synonyms[уреди]

References[уреди]

Anagrams[уреди]


German[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Пра-Германски *un-, from Пра-Индо-Европски *n̥-.

Pronunciation[уреди]

  • МФА(кључ): /ʊn/, [ʔʊn]
  • In compounds, the prefix usually carries the stress, though there are exceptions to this.

Prefix[уреди]

un-

  1. un- (denoting absence, a lack of; violative of; contrary to)
  2. grave; bad; horrifying
    Ding (thing) + ‎un- → ‎Unding (something unacceptable)
    Fall (case, situation) + ‎un- → ‎Unfall (accident)
    Mensch (human being) + ‎un- → ‎Unmensch (brute, barbarian)
    Tier (animal) + ‎un- → ‎Untier (beast, monster)
    Wetter (weather) + ‎un- → ‎Unwetter (storm, severe weather)

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Немачки речи са префиксом un- није пронађена

Gothic[уреди]

Romanization[уреди]

un-

  1. Romanization of 𐌿𐌽-

Luxembourgish[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

Compare Немачки an-, Холандски aan-, Енглески on-.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Prefix[уреди]

un-

  1. prefixed form of un (at, on)
    1. at, to, toward
    2. on, up
    3. used to make certain intransitive verbs transitive
      léien (to tell a lie) + ‎un- → ‎uléien (to lie to someone)

Usage notes[уреди]

  • The prefix is contracted to u- before non-alveolar consonants.

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Луксембуршки речи са префиксом un- није пронађена

Manx[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From un (one, single).

Prefix[уреди]

un-

  1. uni-, mono-, one

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Manx речи са префиксом un- није пронађена

Old English[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Пра-Германски *un-, from Пра-Индо-Европски *n̥-, a prefix use of the particle *ne (not). Cognate with Old Saxon un-, Холандски on-, Old High German un- (Немачки un-), Old Norse ó- (Шведски o-, Норвешки u-), and Готски 𐌿𐌽- (un-). The Indo-European root is also the source of Антички Грчки α- (a-), αν- (an-), Латински in-, and Old Irish in-.

Prefix[уреди]

un-

  1. (added to nouns and adjectives) negation, privation, or absence of
  2. bad (used to denote a pejorative sense) (compare mis-, mal-)
    un- + ‎dǣd (action, deed, event, exploit) → ‎undǣd (un-deed, bad deed)
    un- + ‎lǣċe (physician, doctor) → ‎unlǣċe (bad physician)
  3. (added to verbs) down
    un- + ‎settan (to set, establish, place, make) → ‎unsettan (to set down, put down)
Descendants[уреди]
  • Средњи Енглески: un-
    • Шкотски: un-
    • Енглески: un-

Etymology 2[уреди]

Originally identical with and-, from Пра-Германски *and-. Cognate with Old Frisian und-, Old Saxon ant-, Old High German ant- (Немачки ent-).

Alternative forms[уреди]

Prefix[уреди]

un-

  1. Forming verbs from verbs, with an opposite or reversive sense.

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Стари Енглески речи са префиксом un- није пронађена