西

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西 U+897F, 西
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-897F

[U+897E]
ЦЈК јединствени идеограми
[U+8980]
U+2EC4, ⻄
CJK RADICAL WEST TWO

[U+2EC3]
CJK Radicals Supplement
[U+2EC5]

Flag of the United Nations.svg међународни


Редослед писања
6 потеза
Редослед писања
西-order.gif

Han character

西 (Kangxi radical 146, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 一金田 (MCW), четири-угла 10600, composition𠁤)

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 1128, карактер 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 34763
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 1595, карактер 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 4, страна 2805, карактер 2
  • Unihan data за U+897F

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


simp. and trad.
西
alternative forms

Glyph origin

Историјски облици карактера 西
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
西-bronze-shang.svg 西-oracle.svg 西-bronze-warring.svg 西-seal.svg 西-bigseal.svg
Знакови у истом фонетском низу (西) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески
西

Pictogram (象形) – a bag or basket, borrowed for phonetic value. Compare (“bundle > east”). Traditionally explained as a pictogram of a bird settling into its nest, which by analogy with the setting of the sun means “west”. This etymology has been disputed (Sears), but Sagart (2004) stands by it.

Etymology

The word is traditionally reconstructed to have a /*s/-initial in Old Chinese, e.g. /*sɯːl/ in Zhengzhang (2003). However, recent scholarship has suggested that the Old Chinese initial should instead be reconstructed as /*s-nˤ/, one of the reasons being 西 appears to be the phonetic in (nǎi), the archaic graphic variant of . The new reconstruction, /*s-nˤər/ in Baxter and Sagart (2014), also accounts for how 西 can be the phonetic in (“to smile”). For more information, see Sagart (2004), Baxter and Sagart (2014) and Nohara (2018).

In light of the new construction with the initial consonant cluster /*s-nˤ/, the possibilities of the etymology of 西, aside from being cognate with (“to roost; to rest”) (B-S OC /*s-nˤər/), include:

Pronunciation


Нота:
  • sai - vernacular;
  • se - literary;
  • si - vernacular (limited, e.g. 西瓜).
Нота:
  • sai - literary;
  • si1 - vernacular (for 西瓜).
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Definitions

    西

    1. west; western

    Coordinate terms

    Compounds

    Descendants

    Sino-Xenic (西):

    Others:

    • Јапански: 西(シャー) (shā, west wind (mahjong tile))

    Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


    Kanji

    西

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. west
    2. Europe, European
    3. kanji used to transliterate foreign languages
    4. Short for 西班牙 (Supein): Spain, Spanish
    5. autumn

    Readings

    Compounds

    Etymology 1

    Kanji за овај терм
    西
    にし
    Степен: 2
    kun’yomi

    From adnominal 往にし (inishi, leaving, passing), as the direction of sunset. Шаблон:rfv-etym

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    西(にし) (nishi

    1. west Галицијски
      Antonym: (higashi)
    2. the West
    3. wind blowing from the west
      Antonym: (higashi)
    4. (theater) in kabuki:
      1. the left side of the stage in the Edo-style
      2. the right side of the stage in Kyoto and Osaka styles
    5. (sumo) lower-ranked wrestlers listed on the left side of a banzuke
      Antonym: (higashi)
    6. a capitalist state Галицијски
      Синоним: 西側 (nishigawa)
      Antonym: (higashi)
    Coordinate terms
    Derived terms
    Idioms
    Proverbs

    Proper noun

    西(にし) (nishi

    1. (Buddhism) Synonym of 西方浄土 (Saihō Jōdo): the western paradise of Amitabha Buddha
    2. (Buddhism) Short for 西本願寺 (Nishi Hongan-ji): a Buddhist temple in Kyoto
      Синоним: お西 (o-Nishi)
    3. (historical) a red-light district in Edo-period Shinjuku Галицијски
    4. a place name, especially the name of various wards in major cities throughout Japan
    5. a презиме​.

    Etymology 2

    Kanji за овај терм
    西
    しゃー
    Степен: 2
    Irregular

    Possibly a corruption of Мандарин 西 (, west).

    Noun

    西(シャー) (shā

    1. (mahjong) west wind (mahjong tile)
      Hypernym: 風牌 (kazehai, fanpai)
    2. (mahjong) a (yaku, winning hand) with a triplet or quad of west wind tiles; depending on wind round and player's seat wind, it is worth either 1 or 2 (han, doubles)
      Hypernym: 役牌 (yakuhai, yaku-pai)
    See also

    References

    1. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

    Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски


    Etymology

    From Средњи Кинески 西.

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 (Yale: syèy)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] (Yale: syè-s-nyèk) (Yale: syè)

    Pronunciation

    Hanja

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    西 (eumhun 서녘 (seonyeok seo))

    1. Hanja form? of (west; western).

    Compounds

    References

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    Okinawan

    Kanji

    西

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings

    Noun

    西 (hiragana いり, rōmaji iri)

    1. the West

    Compounds

    • 西風 (いりかじ, irikazi, west wind)

    Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Вијетнамски


    Han character

    1. west
    2. West (the Western world)
    • Sơn Tây : 山西
    • Tây Sơn : 西山
    • Sài Gòn : 西貢
    • phía tây : 費西

    References

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999

    西 (кинески)

    Објашњење.

    Изговор:

    пинјин: xi  
    Аудио: Loudspeaker.svgnoicon(датотека)
    Шаблон:zh-cir

    Радикал:

    146

    Значења:

    1. запад

    Примери:

    1. 20 西[1]就是大海直到對面西[1]
      1. 20 Xi jiè jiùshì dàhǎi, cóng nán jiè zhídào hā mǎ kǒu duìmiàn zhī dì. Zhè shì xi jiè.
        1. 20. А западна ће страна бити велико море, од те међе до према уласку у Емат; то је западна страна.

    Синоними:

    ...


    Хомофони:

    ...

    Хомографи:

    ...

    ХСК ниво:

    ...

    Асоцијације:

    ...

    Изведене речи:

    ...


    Сродни чланци са Википедије:

    西


    Преводи

    • Француски:
    • Немачки:
    • Италијански:
    • Шпански:
    • Португалски:
    • Арапски:
    • Руски:
    • Грчки:
    • Бугарски:
    • Шведски:

    Референце

    [66 [4]] 65 67 Шаблон:Kateg