wind

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Енглески[уреди]

Етимологија 1[уреди]

Од Средњи Енглески winde, wind, from Стари Енглески wind (wind), from Пра-Германски *windaz, from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₂wéh₁n̥ts (wind) (non-Anatolian Пра-Индо-Европски *h₂wéh₁n̥tos (wind)) derived from the present participle of *h₂weh₁- (to blow). Cognate with Холандски wind, Немачки Wind, Западни Фризијски wyn, Норвешки and Шведски vind, Латински ventus, Велшки gwynt, Санскрт वात (vāta) ,Руски ветер (veter) ,perhaps Албански bundë (strong damp wind).

Изговор[уреди]

Именица[уреди]

wind (countable and uncountable, plural winds)

  1. (countable, uncountable) Real or perceived movement of atmospheric air usually caused by convection or differences in air pressure.
    The wind blew through her hair as she stood on the deck of the ship.
    As they accelerated onto the motorway, the wind tore the plywood off the car's roof-rack.
    The winds in Chicago are fierce.
    There was a sudden gust of wind.
  2. Air artificially put in motion by any force or action.
    the wind of a cannon ball;  the wind of a bellows
  3. (countable, uncountable) The ability to breathe easily.
    After the second lap he was already out of wind.
    The fall knocked the wind out of him.
    • Shakespeare
      If my wind were but long enough to say my prayers, I would repent.
  4. News of an event, especially by hearsay or gossip. (Used with catch, often in the past tense.)
    Steve caught wind of Martha's dalliance with his best friend.
  5. (India and Japan) One of the five basic elements (see Wikipedia article on the Classical elements).
  6. (uncountable, colloquial) Flatus.
    Eww. Someone just passed wind.
  7. Breath modulated by the respiratory and vocal organs, or by an instrument.
    • John Dryden
      Their instruments were various in their kind, / Some for the bow, and some for breathing wind.
  8. (music) The woodwind section of an orchestra. Occasionally also used to include the brass section.
  9. A direction from which the wind may blow; a point of the compass; especially, one of the cardinal points, which are often called the "four winds".
  10. Types of playing-tile in the game of mah-jongg, named after the four winds.
  11. A disease of sheep, in which the intestines are distended with air, or rather affected with a violent inflammation. It occurs immediately after shearing.
  12. Mere breath or talk; empty effort; idle words.
    • John Milton
      Nor think thou with wind / Of airy threats to awe.
    • 1946, George Orwell, Politics and the English Language
      Political language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind.
  13. A bird, the dotterel.
  14. (boxing, сленг) The region of the solar plexus, where a blow may paralyze the diaphragm and cause temporary loss of breath or other injury.
Синоними[уреди]
Изведени термини[уреди]
Terms derived from wind (noun)
Translations[уреди]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
See also[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

wind (third-person singular simple present winds, present participle winding, simple past and past participle winded or (proscribed) wound)

  1. (transitive) To blow air through a wind instrument or horn to make a sound.
  2. (transitive) To cause (someone) to become breathless, often by a blow to the abdomen.
    The boxer was winded during round two.
  3. (reflexive) To exhaust oneself to the point of being short of breath.
    I can’t run another step — I’m winded.
  4. (Британија) To turn a boat or ship around, so that the wind strikes it on the opposite side.
  5. (transitive) To expose to the wind; to winnow; to ventilate.
  6. (transitive) To perceive or follow by scent.
    The hounds winded the game.
  7. (transitive) To rest (a horse, etc.) in order to allow the breath to be recovered; to breathe.
  8. (transitive) To turn a windmill so that its sails face into the wind.[1]
Usage notes[уреди]
  • The form "wound" in the past is occasionally found in reference to blowing a horn, but is often considered to be erroneous. The October 1875 issue of The Galaxy disparaged this usage as a "very ridiculous mistake" arising from a misunderstanding of the word's meaning.
  • A similar solecism occurs in the use (in this sense) of the pronunciation /waɪnd/, sometimes heard in singing and oral reading of verse e.g. The huntsman /waɪndz/ his horn.
Translations[уреди]

Etymology 2[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески winden, from Стари Енглески windan, from Пра-Германски *windaną. Compare West Frisian wine, Low German winden, Dutch winden, German winden, Danish vinde, Walloon windea. See also the related term wend.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

wind (third-person singular simple present winds, present participle winding, simple past and past participle wound or (archaic) winded)

  1. (transitive) To turn coils of (a cord or something similar) around something.
    to wind thread on a spool or into a ball
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      Whether to wind / The woodbine round this arbour.
    • Шаблон:RQ:SWymn ChpngBrgh
      It was April 22, 1831, and a young man was walking down Whitehall in the direction of Parliament Street. He wore shepherd's plaid trousers and the swallow-tail coat of the day, with a figured muslin cravat wound about his wide-spread collar.
  2. (transitive) To tighten the spring of a clockwork mechanism such as that of a clock.
    Please wind that old-fashioned alarm clock.
  3. To entwist; to enfold; to encircle.
  4. (ergative) To travel, or to cause something to travel, in a way that is not straight.
    Vines wind round a pole.  The river winds through the plain.
  5. To have complete control over; to turn and bend at one's pleasure; to vary or alter or will; to regulate; to govern.
    • (Can we date this quote?) William Shakespeare
      to turn and wind a fiery Pegasus
    • (Can we date this quote?) Robert Herrick
      Gifts blind the wise, and bribes do please / And wind all other witnesses.
    • (Can we date this quote?) William Shakespeare
      Were our legislature vested in the prince, he might wind and turn our constitution at his pleasure.
  6. To introduce by insinuation; to insinuate.
    • (Can we date this quote?) William Shakespeare
      You have contrived [] to wind / Yourself into a power tyrannical.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Government of Tongues
      little arts and dexterities they have to wind in such things into discourse
  7. To cover or surround with something coiled about.
    to wind a rope with twine
  8. To make a winding motion.
    • "Rural Affairs" by Anna Hutton-North, Lulu.com ISBN 1471790428 (no publication date given) [1]

      en

      —Quickly she slammed the door shut and panicking wound the window up as fast as her slippery fingers would allow.
Derived terms[уреди]
Related terms[уреди]
Translations[уреди]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun[уреди]

wind (plural winds)

  1. The act of winding or turning; a turn; a bend; a twist.

Alemannic German[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

wind

  1. (Carcoforo) wind

References[уреди]

  • Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words]. Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien.

Dutch[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Средњи Холандски wint, from Стари Холандски wint, from Пра-Германски *windaz, ultimately from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₂wéh₁n̥ts (blowing), present participle of *h₂weh₁- (to blow).

Noun[уреди]

wind m (plural winden, diminutive windje n)

  1. wind (movement of air)
    De wind waait door de bomen.The wind blows through the trees.
  2. flatulence, fart (not informal)
    Synonyms: bout, buikwind, ruft, scheet
Derived terms[уреди]

Etymology 2[уреди]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[уреди]

wind

  1. first-person singular present indicative of winden
  2. imperative of winden

Old English[уреди]

Alternative forms[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Пра-Германски *windaz, from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₂wéh₁n̥ts (blowing), the present participle of *h₂weh₁- (blow, gust). Germanic cognates include Old Frisian wind, Old Saxon wind, Холандски wind, Old High German wint (Немачки Wind), Old Norse vindr (Шведски vind), Готски 𐍅𐌹𐌽𐌳𐍃 (winds). The Indo-European root is also the source of Латински ventus (Француски vent), Велшки gwynt, Tocharian A want, Tocharian B yente.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

wind m

  1. wind
  2. flatulence

Derived terms[уреди]

Descendants[уреди]

References[уреди]

  1. Rex Wailes (1954) The English Windmill, page 104: “[I]f a windmill is to work as effectively as possible its sails must always face the wind squarely; to effect this some means of turning them into the wind, or winding the mill, must be used.”