wind

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English[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески winde, wind, from Стари Енглески wind (wind), from Пра-Германски *windaz, from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₂wéh₁n̥tos (wind), from earlier *h₂wéh₁n̥ts (wind), derived from the present participle of *h₂weh₁- (to blow). Cognate with Холандски wind, Немачки Wind, Западни Фризијски wyn, Норвешки and Шведски vind, Исландски vindur, Латински ventus, Велшки gwynt, Санскрт वात (vā́ta), Руски ве́тер (véter), perhaps Албански bundë (strong damp wind).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

wind (countable and uncountable, plural winds)

  1. (countable, uncountable) Real or perceived movement of atmospheric air usually caused by convection or differences in air pressure.
    The wind blew through her hair as she stood on the deck of the ship.
    As they accelerated onto the motorway, the wind tore the plywood off the car's roof-rack.
    The winds in Chicago are fierce.
    There was a sudden gust of wind.
    • 2013 јун 29, “Unspontaneous combustion”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, strana 29:
      Since the mid-1980s, when Indonesia first began to clear its bountiful forests on an industrial scale in favour of lucrative palm-oil plantations, “haze” has become an almost annual occurrence in South-East Asia. The cheapest way to clear logged woodland is to burn it, producing an acrid cloud of foul white smoke that, carried by the wind, can cover hundreds, or even thousands, of square miles.
  2. Air artificially put in motion by any force or action.
    the wind of a cannon ball;  the wind of a bellows
  3. (countable, uncountable) The ability to breathe easily.
    After the second lap he was already out of wind.
    The fall knocked the wind out of him.
    • (Can we date this quote by Shakespeare and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      If my wind were but long enough to say my prayers, I would repent.
  4. News of an event, especially by hearsay or gossip. (Used with catch, often in the past tense.)
    Steve caught wind of Martha's dalliance with his best friend.
  5. (India and Japan) One of the five basic elements (see Wikipedia article on the Classical elements).
  6. (uncountable, colloquial) Flatus.
    Eww. Someone just passed wind.
  7. Breath modulated by the respiratory and vocal organs, or by an instrument.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Their instruments were various in their kind, / Some for the bow, and some for breathing wind.
  8. (music) The woodwind section of an orchestra. Occasionally also used to include the brass section.
  9. A direction from which the wind may blow; a point of the compass; especially, one of the cardinal points, which are often called the "four winds".
    • Bible, Ezekiel xxxvii. 9
      Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, in The Celebrity:
      When this conversation was repeated in detail within the hearing of the young woman in question, and undoubtedly for his benefit, Mr. Trevor threw shame to the winds and scandalized the Misses Brewster then and there by proclaiming his father to have been a country storekeeper.
  10. Types of playing-tile in the game of mah-jongg, named after the four winds.
  11. A disease of sheep, in which the intestines are distended with air, or rather affected with a violent inflammation. It occurs immediately after shearing.
  12. Mere breath or talk; empty effort; idle words.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Milton and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Nor think thou with wind / Of airy threats to awe.
    • 1946, George Orwell, Politics and the English Language:
      Political language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind.
  13. A bird, the dotterel.
  14. (boxing, slang) The region of the solar plexus, where a blow may paralyze the diaphragm and cause temporary loss of breath or other injury.
Synonyms[уреди]
Derived terms[уреди]
Terms derived from wind (noun)
Translations[уреди]

See wind/translations § Etymology 1

See also[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

wind (third-person singular simple present winds, present participle winding, simple past and past participle winded or (proscribed) wound)

  1. (transitive) To blow air through a wind instrument or horn to make a sound.
    • 1913, Edith Constance Holme, Crump Folk Going Home, strana 136:
      Something higher must lie at the back of that eager response to pack-music and winded horn — something born of the smell of the good earth
  2. (transitive) To cause (someone) to become breathless, as by a blow to the abdomen, or by physical exertion, running, etc.
    The boxer was winded during round two.
  3. (Should we delete(+) this sense?) (reflexive) To exhaust oneself to the point of being short of breath.
    I can’t run another step — I’m winded.
  4. (transitive, Британија) To cause a baby to bring up wind by patting its back after being fed.
  5. (transitive, Британија) To turn a boat or ship around, so that the wind strikes it on the opposite side.
  6. (transitive) To expose to the wind; to winnow; to ventilate.
  7. (transitive) To perceive or follow by scent.
    The hounds winded the game.
  8. (transitive) To rest (a horse, etc.) in order to allow the breath to be recovered; to breathe.
  9. (transitive) To turn a windmill so that its sails face into the wind.[1]
Usage notes[уреди]
  • The form “wound” in the past is occasionally found in reference to blowing a horn, but is often considered to be erroneous. The October 1875 issue of The Galaxy disparaged this usage as a “very ridiculous mistake” arising from a misunderstanding of the word's meaning.
  • A similar solecism occurs in the use (in this sense) of the pronunciation /waɪnd/, sometimes heard in singing and oral reading of verse e.g. The huntsman /waɪndz/ his horn.
Translations[уреди]

See wind/translations § Etymology 1

Etymology 2[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески winden, from Стари Енглески windan, from Пра-Германски *windaną. Compare Западни Фризијски wine, Low German winden, Холандски winden, Немачки winden, Дански vinde, Валун windea. See also the related term wend.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

wind (third-person singular simple present winds, present participle winding, simple past and past participle wound or (archaic) winded)

  1. (transitive) To turn coils of (a cord or something similar) around something.
    to wind thread on a spool or into a ball
    • (Can we date this quote by John Milton and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Whether to wind / The woodbine round this arbour.
    • Шаблон:RQ:SWymn ChpngBrgh
      It was April 22, 1831, and a young man was walking down Whitehall in the direction of Parliament Street. He wore shepherd's plaid trousers and the swallow-tail coat of the day, with a figured muslin cravat wound about his wide-spread collar.
  2. (transitive) To tighten the spring of a clockwork mechanism such as that of a clock.
    Please wind that old-fashioned alarm clock.
  3. (transitive) To entwist; to enfold; to encircle.
    • (Can we date this quote by William Shakespeare and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Sleep, and I will wind thee in arms.
  4. (intransitive) To travel in a way that is not straight.
    Vines wind round a pole.  The river winds through the plain.
    • (Can we date this quote by Sir Walter Scott and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      He therefore turned him to the steep and rocky path which [] winded through the thickets of wild boxwood and other low aromatic shrubs.
    • 1751, Thomas Gray, Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
      The lowing herd wind slowly o'er the lea.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
      Judge Short had gone to town, and Farrar was off for a three days' cruise up the lake. I was bitterly regretting I had not gone with him when the distant notes of a coach horn reached my ear, and I descried a four-in-hand winding its way up the inn road from the direction of Mohair.
    • 1969, Paul McCartney
      The long and winding road / That leads to your door / Will never disappear.
  5. (transitive) To have complete control over; to turn and bend at one's pleasure; to vary or alter or will; to regulate; to govern.
    • (Can we date this quote by William Shakespeare and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      to turn and wind a fiery Pegasus
    • (Can we date this quote by Robert Herrick (poet) and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Gifts blind the wise, and bribes do please / And wind all other witnesses.
    • (Can we date this quote by William Shakespeare and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Were our legislature vested in the prince, he might wind and turn our constitution at his pleasure.
  6. (transitive) To introduce by insinuation; to insinuate.
    • (Can we date this quote by William Shakespeare and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      You have contrived [] to wind / Yourself into a power tyrannical.
    • (Can we date this quote by Government of Tongues and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      little arts and dexterities they have to wind in such things into discourse
  7. (transitive) To cover or surround with something coiled about.
    to wind a rope with twine
  8. (transitive) To cause to move by exerting a winding force; to haul or hoist, as by a winch.
    • 2012, "Rural Affairs", Anna Hutton-North, Lulu.com →ISBN [1]

      en

      —Quickly she slammed the door shut and panicking wound the window up as fast as her slippery fingers would allow.
  1. (transitive, nautical) To turn (a ship) around, end for end.
Derived terms[уреди]
Related terms[уреди]
Translations[уреди]

See wind/translations § Etymology 2

Noun[уреди]

wind (plural winds)

  1. The act of winding or turning; a turn; a bend; a twist.

References[уреди]

  • wind at OneLook Dictionary Search
  1. Rex Wailes (1954) The English Windmill, page 104: “[I]f a windmill is to work as effectively as possible its sails must always face the wind squarely; to effect this some means of turning them into the wind, or winding the mill, must be used.”

Afrikaans[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Холандски wind, from Средњи Холандски wint, from Стари Холандски wint, from Пра-Германски *windaz, ultimately from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₂wéh₁n̥ts (blowing), present participle of *h₂weh₁- (to blow).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

Шаблон:af-noun

  1. A wind (movement of air).

Alemannic German[уреди]

Alternative forms[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Old High German wint, from Пра-Германски *windaz. Cognate with Немачки Wind, Холандски wind, Енглески wind, Исландски vindur, Готски 𐍅𐌹𐌽𐌳𐍃 (winds).

Noun[уреди]

wind m

  1. (Carcoforo) wind

References[уреди]


Dutch[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Средњи Холандски wint, from Стари Холандски wint, from Пра-Германски *windaz, ultimately from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₂wéh₁n̥ts (blowing), present participle of *h₂weh₁- (to blow).

Noun[уреди]

wind m (plural winden, diminutive windje n)

  1. wind (movement of air)
    De wind waait door de bomen.The wind blows through the trees.
  2. flatulence, fart
    Синонимs: bout, buikwind, ruft, scheet
Derived terms[уреди]
Descendants[уреди]
  • Африкански: wind
  • Sranan Tongo: winti

Etymology 2[уреди]

From Средњи Холандски wint. Ова etymology је некомплетна. Можете да помогнете Викиречнику тако што ћете разрадити извор овог израза .

Noun[уреди]

wind m (plural winden, diminutive windje n)

  1. (obsolete) greyhound
Derived terms[уреди]
Related terms[уреди]

Etymology 3[уреди]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[уреди]

wind

  1. first-person singular present indicative of winden
  2. imperative of winden

Old English[уреди]

Alternative forms[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Пра-Германски *windaz, from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₂wéh₁n̥ts (blowing), the present participle of *h₂weh₁- (blow, gust). Germanic cognates include Old Frisian wind, Old Saxon wind, Холандски wind, Old High German wint (Немачки Wind), Old Norse vindr (Шведски vind), Готски 𐍅𐌹𐌽𐌳𐍃 (winds). The Indo-European root is also the source of Латински ventus (Француски vent), Велшки gwynt, Tocharian A want, Tocharian B yente.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

wind m

  1. wind
  2. flatulence

Declension[уреди]

Derived terms[уреди]

Descendants[уреди]