wind

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Такође погледајте: Wind

English[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески winde, wind

, from Стари Енглески wind (wind), from Пра-Германски *windaz, from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₂wéh₁n̥tos (wind), from earlier *h₂wéh₁n̥ts (wind)

, derived from the present participle of *h₂weh₁- (to blow)

. Cognate with Холандски wind, Немачки Wind, Западни Фризијски wyn, Норвешки and Шведски vind, Исландски vindur, Латински ventus, Велшки gwynt, Санскрт वात (vā́ta), Руски ве́тер (véter), perhaps Албански bundë (strong damp wind).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

wind (countable and uncountable, plural winds)

  1. (countable, uncountable) Real or perceived movement of atmospheric air usually caused by convection or differences in air pressure.
    The wind blew through her hair as she stood on the deck of the ship.
    As they accelerated onto the motorway, the wind tore the plywood off the car's roof-rack.
    The winds in Chicago are fierce.
    There was a sudden of wind.
      • 2013 јун 29, “Unspontaneous combustion”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, strana 29:
        Since the mid-1980s, when Indonesia first began to clear its bountiful forests on an industrial scale in favour of lucrative palm-oil plantations, “haze” has become an almost annual occurrence in South-East Asia. The cheapest way to clear logged woodland is to burn it, producing an acrid cloud of foul white smoke that, carried by the wind, can cover hundreds, or even thousands, of square miles.
    1. Air artificially put in motion by any force or action.
      the wind of a cannon ball;  the wind of a bellows
    2. (countable, uncountable) The ability to breathe easily.
      After the second lap he was already out of wind.
      The fall knocked the wind out of him.
    3. News of an event, especially by hearsay or gossip. (Used with catch, often in the past tense.)
      Steve caught wind of Martha's dalliance with his best friend.
    4. (India and Japan) One of the five basic elements (see Wikipedia article on the Classical elements).
    5. (uncountable, colloquial) Flatus.
      Eww. Someone just passed wind.
    6. Breath modulated by the respiratory and vocal organs, or by an instrument.
      • Шаблон:rfdatek
        Their instruments were various in their kind, / Some for the bow, and some for breathing wind.
    7. (music) The woodwind section of an orchestra. Occasionally also used to include the brass section.
    8. A direction from which the wind may blow; a point of the compass; especially, one of the cardinal points, which are often called the "four winds".
      • Bible, Ezekiel xxxvii. 9
        Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, in The Celebrity:
        When this conversation was repeated in detail within the hearing of the young woman in question, and undoubtedly for his benefit, Mr. Trevor threw shame to the winds and scandalized the Misses Brewster then and there by proclaiming his father to have been a country storekeeper.
    9. Types of playing-tile in the game of mah-jongg, named after the four winds.
    10. A disease of sheep, in which the intestines are distended with air, or rather affected with a violent inflammation. It occurs immediately after shearing.
    11. Mere breath or talk; empty effort; idle words.
      • Шаблон:rfdatek
        Nor think thou with wind / Of airy threats to awe.
      • 1946, George Orwell, Politics and the English Language:
        Political language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind.
    12. A bird, the dotterel.
    13. (boxing, slang) The region of the solar plexus, where a blow may paralyze the diaphragm and cause temporary loss of breath or other injury.
    Synonyms[уреди]