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Енглески

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 west on Wikipedia

Etymology

PIE реч
*wek(ʷ)speros

From Middle English west, from Old English west, from Proto-Germanic *westrą. Cognate with Scots wast, Saterland Frisian Wääste, West Frisian west, Холандски west, Немачки West, Дански vest. Cognate also with Old French west, Француски ouest, Шпански oeste, Португалски oeste, Catalan oest, Galician oeste, Италијански ovest (all ultimately borrowings of the English word). Compare also Латински vesper, with which it is possibly cognate via Proto-Indo-European.

Pronunciation

Noun

west (uncountable)

  1. One of the four principal compass points, specifically 270°, conventionally directed to the left on maps; the direction of the setting sun at an equinox, abbreviated as W.
    We used to live in the west of the country.
    Portugal lies to the west of Spain.
  2. The western region or area; the inhabitants thereof. [circa 1300]
  3. (ecclesiastical) In a church: the direction of the gallery, opposite to the altar, and opposite to the direction faced by the priest when celebrating ad orientem.
    • 1997, John Haskell, John Callanan, Sydney Architecture, UNSW Press (→ISBN 9780868403915)
      In two respects, however, the cathedral [of St. Mary's in Sydney, Australia] differs from English traditions: it is oriented north-south, not east-west; and its main entry is from the south (liturgical west) between the two towers, in the French manner.
    • 2000, Mark L. MacDonald, The Chant of Life: Liturgical Studies Four, Church Publishing, Inc. (→ISBN 9780898692990), page 98:
      The seating for honored persons (clergy) is at the liturgical west, opposite the entrance and lectern.
    • 2007, Patrick Malloy, Celebrating the Eucharist: A Practical Ceremonial Guide for Clergy and Other Liturgical Ministers, Church Publishing, Inc. (→ISBN 9780898698077), page 155:
      In most worship spaces, this will put the thurifer and gospeller facing liturgical west, book bearer facing liturgical east (or the book on the reading desk), and the torch bearers turned inward, facing the book.
    • 2014, Paul Porwoll, Against All Odds: History of Saint Andrew's Parish Church, Charleston, 1706-2013, WestBow Press (→ISBN 9781490818177), page 365:
      Throughout the book I refer directionally to the altar and chancel of St. Andrew's as situated at ecclesiastical east (to avoid overcomplicating matters), not geographical or magnetic southeast. Thus, the altar is located at the east end of the church, and the gallery, at the west.

Coordinate terms

northwest north northeast
west east
southwest south southeast


Derived terms

Translations

Also see Appendix:Cardinal directions for translations of all compass points

Adjective

west

  1. Situated or lying in or toward the west; westward.
  2. (meteorology) Of wind: from the west.
  3. Of or pertaining to the west; western.
  4. From the West; occidental.
  5. (ecclesiastial) Designating, or situated in, the liturgical west, that part of a church which is opposite to, and farthest from, the part containing the chancel.
    • 2008, Philip Temple, Northern Clerkenwell and Pentonville, Paul Mellon Ctr for Studies (→ISBN 9780300139372), page 356:
      Interior in 1925, (left) looking north to chancel and (right) looking south (to liturgical west end) It was on account of this connection that St James's became the clowns 'church', an annual clowns' service being held there ...
    • 2017, Stephen Kite, Building Ruskin's Italy: Watching Architecture, Routledge (→ISBN 9781351572927), page 48:
      as in the mosaic of the ascension on San Frediano's liturgical west (geographically east) façade.
    • 2019, Sarah Hosking, "Coventry Cathedral", in Prickett Stephen Prickett, Edinburgh Companion to the Bible and the Arts, Edinburgh University Press (→ISBN 9781474471794), page 371:
      Spence had decided on a huge image of Christ on the [liturgical] east end [which is the geographic north], filling the entire wall and to be visible through the [liturgical] West Window (Fig. 24.2).

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Adverb

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  1. Towards the west; westwards.

Translations

Verb

west

  1. To move to the west; (of the sun) to set. [from 15th c.]

Anagrams


Cornish

Etymology

From Енглески west.

Noun

west m

  1. west

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms


Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch west, from Стари Холандски west, from Proto-Germanic *westrą. Compare Немачки West, English and West Frisian west, Danish vest.

Pronunciation

Adverb

Шаблон:nl-adv

  1. (only in compounds) west
  2. westwards

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Африкански: wes
  • Negerhollands: west
  • Papiamentu: wèst

Coordinate terms


Italian

Pronunciation

Noun

west m (plural #)

  1. West (historic area of America)

References


Low German

Verb

west

  1. past партиципа of wesen

Middle English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old English west, in turn from Proto-Germanic *westrą.

Pronunciation

Noun

west

  1. west (compass point)
  2. A location to the south; the south
  3. The west wind

Coordinate terms

Derived terms

Related terms

Descendants

References

Adjective

west

  1. west, western
  2. At the west

Descendants

References

Adverb

west

  1. To the west, westards, westbound
  2. From the west, western
  3. In the west

Descendants

References


Northern Kurdish

Noun

Шаблон:kmr-noun

  1. act of tiring or getting tired

Derived terms


Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *westrą, whence also Old High German west, Old Norse vestr.

Pronunciation

Adverb

Шаблон:ang-adv

  1. west

Descendants


Old French

Etymology

Borrowed from Old English west.

Adverb

Шаблон:fro-adv

  1. west

Descendants

  • Француски: ouest