-s

Пређи на навигацију Пређи на претрагу
Такође погледајте: , -'s, и Додатак:Варијанте од "s"

Енглески[уреди]

Изговор[уреди]

Етимологија 1[уреди]

Од Средњи Енглески -s, -es

, од Стари Енглески -as, nominative-accusative plural ending of masculine a-stem (i.e. strong) declension nouns, од Пра-Германски *-ōs, *‑ōz

, од Пра-Индо-Европски *-es, *-oes (plural endings)

. The spread of this ending in later Middle English was once argued to have been the result of Anglo-Norman influence; however, -as was already the most common Old English plural marker (used in approximately 40% of Old English nouns), and was initially more common in the North of England where French influence was weakest, only later gradually spreading south. Cognate with Шкотски -s (plural ending), Saterland Frisian -s (plural ending), Западни Фризијски -s (plural ending), Холандски -s (plural ending), Low German -s (plural ending), Дански -er (plural ending), Шведски -r, -ar

, -or (plural ending)

, Исландски -ar (plural ending), Готски -𐍉𐍃 (-ōs, nominative plural ending of a-stem masculine nouns) (note that Немачки -er has a different origin).

Суфикс[уреди]

-s

  1. Used to form regular plurals of nouns.
    one computerfive computers
  2. Used to form many pluralia tantum (nouns that are almost or entirely without singular forms).
    shorts, sunglasses
  3. Used to form a word referring to a specific decade in the Gregorian calendar. Appended to the first year of the decade.
    1970s, 1890s
Корисне белешке[уреди]
  • (regular plurals): In semi-formal or formal contexts, where the plurality of a noun depends on some unknown aspect of the sentence, the s may be parenthesised: "The winner(s) will be invited to a prize ceremony."
  • (decade): Decades formed with -s are usually pronounced as if they were written as two separate numbers. For example, 1970s is read as nineteen-seventies, as if it were written as 19 70s, not as *nineteen-hundred seventies or *one thousand nine hundred and seventies. A notable exception to this arose after the end of the 2000s, when the (relatively uniform) pronunciation of the years in that decade as two-thousand (and) _____ was continued for the following decade for some speakers. The pronunciation of the 2010s as twenty-tens largely took over starting in 2010, but it has not completely stamped out the previous two-thousand (and) _____ pronunciation which, again, was uniform in the prior decade. It remains to be seen if this will continue into the 2020s. Of note is that, some speakers, when speaking retroactively about the 2000s, now apply the 2010s' common pronunciation to the 2000s as well. In other words, they would pronounce 2001 as twenty-oh-one instead of two-thousand (and) one.
Изведени термини[уреди]
Преводи[уреди]

Шаблон:transguide

See also[уреди]

Etymology 2[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески -(e)s (third person singular ending of verbs), from Northumbrian Стари Енглески -es, -as (third person singular ending). Replaced historical Old English third person singular ending -(e)þ

, -aþ

(-eth

). The falling together of the second and third person singular verb forms in Old English is believed to be due to Северно германски influence, where the employment of the same verbal endings for both 2nd and 3rd singular indicative follows a similar pattern to that seen in Old Norse (e.g. þú masar, hann masar; þú þekkir, hann þekkir; etc.). See -est

.

Suffix[уреди]

-s

  1. Used to form the third-person singular indicative present tense of verbs.
    to eathe eats

Usage notes[уреди]

  • In Standard English, the -s suffix is only used to mark the third person singular present of verbs; however, in some varieties of English, particularly northern English, Scottish, US Southern and AAVE, the -s can be extended to other persons/numbers as well, as in: I eats me spinach; I hates the Yankees; they likes it here; etc.
See also[уреди]
Derived terms[уреди]

see Category:English third-person singular forms

Etymology 3[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески -es, from Стари Енглески -es, the masculine and neuter genitive singular ending of strong nouns. More at

.

Suffix[уреди]

-s

  1. Used in the formation of certain English adverbs.
    forward + ‎-s → ‎forwards
    downward + ‎-s → ‎downwards
    alway + ‎-s → ‎always
    sometime + ‎-s → ‎sometimes
    betime + ‎-s → ‎betimes
    while + ‎-s → ‎whiles
    betide + ‎-s → ‎betides
    toward + ‎-s → ‎towards
    beside + ‎-s → ‎besides
    evening + ‎-s → ‎evenings
    unaware + ‎-s → ‎unawares


Derived terms[уреди]