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U+5F13, 弓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F13

[U+5F12]
ЦЈК јединствени идеограми
[U+5F14]
U+2F38, ⼸
KANGXI RADICAL BOW

[U+2F37]
Канџи радикали
[U+2F39]

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Редослед писања
弓-order.gif

Han character

(Kangxi radical 57, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 弓 (N), четири-угла 17207, composition)

  1. Кангци радикал #57, .

Derived characters

See also

References

  • KangXi: page 356, карактер 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 9692
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 671, карактер 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 2, страна 987, карактер 11
  • Unihan data за U+5F13

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𭚥

Glyph origin

Историјски облици карактера
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
弓-oracle.svg 弓-silk.svg 弓-seal.svg 弓-bigseal.svg
Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески

Pictogram (象形) – a bow.

Etymology

Possibly related to Proto-Tibeto-Burman *kuːŋ (tree, branch, stem) (Coblin, 1986), semantically connected with the shape of a bent tree branch. Cognate with Бурмански ကိုင် (kuing, to bend over; to be bent), အကိုင် (a.kuing, stalk; branch), Tedim Chin [script needed] (kung¹, tree), Jingpho kung (to branch; to grow), lakung (branch; limb), Lepcha [script needed] (kóng, branch), [script needed] (kúng, tree) (STEDT).

Schuessler (2007) proposes that both Old Chinese and Proto-Tibeto-Burman *kuːŋ are derived from Proto-Mon-Khmer *koŋ, whence Nyah Kur [script needed] (kóoŋ, bent (in the middle)), Mon ကိုၚ် (to be bent), Khmer កោង (kaong, to bend; to be bent), Khasi pyrkhung (to bend; to arch), Pear kuŋ (bend), Вијетнамски cong (to be bent, curved).

Also compare Proto-Tibeto-Burman *ku(ː)m (arched; vaulted)

Derivatives are (“(upper) arm”) and (“arched; vault; sky”).

Pronunciation


Нота:
  • keng - vernacular;
  • kiong - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Definitions

    1. bow Галицијски (Класификатор: )
    2. curved; arched
    3. to arch; to bend
    4. (Jiexi Hakka) rainbow
    5. (obsolete) Synonym of , a traditional Chinese unit of length and area.

    Synonyms

    Compounds

    See also


    Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


    Kanji

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings

    Etymology 1

    Kanji за овај терм

    Степен: 2
    kun’yomi

    From Стари Јапански. In modern Јапански, only found as a prefix in compounds.[1][2]

    Pronunciation

    Prefix

    () (yu-

    1. a bow, a bow shape
    Derived terms

    Etymology 2

    Јапански Википедија има чланак на:
    Википедија ja
    (yumi): Four different types of bow.
    Јапански Википедија има чланак на:
    Википедија ja
    (yu, yumi, tarashi, kyū): Japanese bows, arrows, and arrow-stand.
    Yumi bow parts names
    Kanji за овај терм
    ゆみ
    Степен: 2
    kun’yomi

    From Стари Јапански. Appears in the Man'yōshū (c. 759 CE). A surface analysis suggests a combination of Стари Јапански yu (see above) + suffixing element mi, itself of uncertain derivation.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (ゆみ) (yumi

    1. a bow:
      1. (weaponry) a bow for shooting arrows
      2. (musical instrument) a bow for playing a stringed instrument such as a violin or cello
    2. archery
    3. (Shinto) a type of kagura (sacred Shinto song and dance) intended to drive away evil
    4. short for ()()(ゆみ) (hama yumi): a ceremonial archery bow with the power to dispel evil
    5. a bow shape, a curve
    6. a bow-shaped tool used to beat ginned cotton into a softer and finer textile
    Coordinate terms
    Derived terms

    See also

    Further reading

    Etymology 3

    Kanji за овај терм
    たらし
    Степен: 2
    kun’yomi

    Alteration from torashi, 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb torasu, from tora as the 未然形 (mizenkei, incomplete form) of verb 取る (toru, to take) + (su, honorific suffix in Стари Јапански). Original meaning was “something kept to hand”.[1][2]

    Pronunciation

    Alternative forms

    Noun

    (たらし) (tarashi

    1. (rare, honorific) an archery bow, particularly one belonging to a noble
    Synonyms

    Etymology 4

    Kanji за овај терм
    きゅう
    Степен: 2
    kan’on

    From Средњи Кинески .[1][2] Compare modern Мандарин (gōng).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (きゅう) (kyū

    1. (rare) a bow
    2. (obsolete) in ancient Chinese archery, a unit of length for measuring the distance between the archer and the target; one kyū was equal to six (shaku), roughly six feet or 182 centimeters
    3. (obsolete) in ancient China, a unit of length for surveying land; one kyū was equal to eight (shaku), roughly eight feet or 242 centimeters
    Usage notes

    In modern Јапански, the reading kyū is most often found in compounds.

    Derived terms

    References

    1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 2,3 2,4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски



    the shape of the Hun bow

    Hanja

    (eumhun (hwal gung))

    1. Hanja form? of (bow (for shooting arrows).

    Compounds


    Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Вијетнамски


    Han character

    1. a bow

    Compounds

    hình cung (形弓): an arc


    (кинески)

    Објашњење.

    Изговор:

    пинјин: gōng  
    Аудио: Loudspeaker.svgnoicon(датотека)
    Шаблон:zh-cir

    Радикал:

    05700

    Значења:

    ...

    Примери:

    ...

    Синоними:

    ...


    Хомофони:

    ...

    Хомографи:

    ...

    ХСК ниво:

    ...

    Асоцијације:

    ...

    Изведене речи:

    ...


    Сродни чланци са Википедије:


    Преводи

    • Француски:
    • Немачки:
    • Италијански:
    • Шпански:
    • Португалски:
    • Арапски:
    • Руски:
    • Српски:
    • Грчки:
    • Бугарски:
    • Шведски:

    Референце

    Шаблон:Kateg

    Спољашње Везе

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