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U+6C5F, 江
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C5F

[U+6C5E]
ЦЈК јединствени идеограми
[U+6C60]

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Хан карактер

Редослед писања
6 потеза

(Kangxi radical 85, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 水一 (EM), четири-угла 31110, composition)

Изведени карактери

Потомци

Референце

  • KangXi: page 606, карактер 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 17140
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 999, карактер 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 3, страна 1551, карактер 3
  • Unihan data за U+6C5F

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Писано Стандардни Кинески?)
  • (Кантонски)
  • (Класични)
  • (Ган)
  • (Hakka)

Проекло глифа

Историјски облици карактера
Warring States
Bronze inscriptions
江-bronze-warring.svg
Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (water) + phonetic .

Етимологија 1

"Yangtze River"

Borrowed from a substrate Austroasiatic language as Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kl(j)u(ŋ/k) (river, valley); compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *ruŋ ~ ruuŋ ~ ruəŋ (river) > Proto-Vietic *k-roːŋ (river) (Вијетнамски sông), Mon ကြုၚ် (krɜŋ, small river, creek).

Derivative: (“harbour”).

Pronunciation


Definitions

  1. Yangtze River
  2. (by extension) river (Класификатор: )
  3. () (telegraphy) the third day of a month
  4. A презиме​.: Jiang (mainland China), Chiang (Taiwan), Kong (Hong Kong), Kiang (Old fashion)
    /   ―  Jiāng Zémín  ―  Jiang Zemin
Usage notes

The word that referred to a body of flowing water such as stream, creek or river was represented in early Chinese with (shuǐ), a pictograph showing water flowing between two banks, similar to the form of the character (chuān).

In early times, specialized characters were created to represent words that described particular bodies of water. These words often contain the water radical (), which was originally written in the same way that the original form of was written.

In early texts, the term usually referred directly to the 黃河黄河 (“Yellow River”). Over time, became used as a generalized term for rivers that were bigger than a stream. The term is sometimes associated with an 'older' body of flowing water that has a smaller volume. Similarly, was originally the name of the Yangtze River which is a relatively larger body of flowing water. became the standard bearer for a slightly differentiated category of river. It was then applied broadly as a generic term.

Among Chinese users, there are commonly held beliefs about the differences between these near synonyms that may not be reflected in an ordinary dictionary. are often thought of as the larger rivers that are usually in southern China, while are usually rivers with comparatively lesser volume or that are artificial and are usually found in northern China (and may be considered culturally 'older'). These two terms are often the subject of attempts at comparisons. Terms for smaller bodies of flowing water include: (chuān) which are usually mid-sized or relatively small rivers, and which are creeks, streams, brooks, and gullies, and (shuǐ) which are streams (but can also be medium-sized tributary rivers like the Han River (漢水汉水). There are many exceptions to these patterns owing to inconsistent usage of the relevant terms in different forms of Chinese and English over time, and also due to cultural attitudes about proper usage of the terms.

See also

Compounds

Descendants

Sino-Xenic ():

Етимологија 2

За изговор и дефиниције од – види .
(Овај character, , је the second-round simplified облик од .)

Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


Kanji

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. creek
  2. inlet
  3. bay

Readings

Compounds

Етимологија 1

Kanji за овај терм

Степен: S
kun’yomi

/je//e/

From Стари Јапански. The ye pronunciation merged with e in Early Middle Japanese. The merged sound was ye until the Edo period, which is found in Yedo, yen and Yebisu.

This term was so representative of the ye reading that it lent its shape to the hentaigana 𛀁 (ye).

Pronunciation

Noun

() (e

  1. inlet, bay
  2. (archaic, possibly obsolete) (general term for a large body of water)
    1. sea
    2. large river
    3. lake
Usage notes

Although (e) was sometimes used generically for a large body of water, it was most often used to indicate the portion of that body of water that extended inland.[2]

Synonyms
Derived terms

Proper noun

() (e

  1. A презиме​.

Етимологија 2

Kanji за овај терм
こう
Степен: S
kan’on

/kau//kɔː//koː/

From Средњи Кинески .

The 漢音 (kan'on) reading, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation

Noun

(こう) (かう (kau)?

  1. (archaic) large river

Proper noun

(こう) (かう (kau)?

  1. short for 長江 (Chōkō): the Yangtze River
  2. old name for 琵琶湖 (Biwa-ko): Lake Biwa
  3. A презиме​.
  4. a unisex given name
Derived terms

Етимологија 3

Various nanori readings.

Pronunciation

Proper noun

(ごう) (

  1. A презиме​.
  2. a unisex given name

Етимологија 4

Particle

() (e

  1. (dated) Алтернативно спеловање од (e, to, towards)
    • 1977, 週刊文春1977年1月13日号
      (ない)(とう)(くに)()より()(そら)ひばり(さん)()
      Naitō Kunio yori Misora Hibari san e
      From Kunio Naito to dear Ms. Hibari Misora

References

  1. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски


Etymology

From Средњи Кинески . Recorded as Middle Korean 가ᇰ (Yale: kang) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (gang gang))

  1. Hanja form? of (river).

Compounds

References

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Вијетнамски


Han character

  1. (only in compounds) river

Кинески карактери

(кинески)

Објашњење.

Изговор:

пинјин: транскрипција  
Аудио: Loudspeaker.svgnoicon(датотека)
Шаблон:zh-cir

Радикал:

085.... Шаблон:HanC

Шаблон:Karakter0 Шаблон:Тетрада

Значења:

...

Примери:

  1. ...
    1. ...
      1. ...
        1. ... ...



Навигатор

7 ... ... 2 ... 9
... 4 ... [[]] ... ... 5
8 ... ... 3 ... 6

[[Категорија::Мнемоника]]

Синоними:

...


Хомофони:

...


Хомографи:

...

ХСК ниво:

...

Асоцијације:

...

Изведене речи:

...


Сродни чланци са Википедије:


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Преводи

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