Пређи на навигацију Пређи на претрагу
U+AC00, 가
HANGUL SYLLABLE GA
Composition: [U+1100] + [U+1161]
[unassigned: U+ABFA–U+ABFF]

[U+ABF9]
Хангул слогови
[U+AC01]
U+320E, ㈎
PARENTHESIZED HANGUL KIYEOK A

[U+320D]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+320F]
U+326E, ㉮
CIRCLED HANGUL KIYEOK A

[U+326D]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+326F]

Jeju[уреди]

Изговор[уреди]

МФА(кључ): /ka̠/

Честица[уреди]

(ga)

  1. nominative particle
    할망 ᄀᆞᆯ안야?
    halmang-i goaran-ya
    Did grandmother say that?

Синоними[уреди]

Повезани термини[уреди]

Етимологија 3[уреди]

Unknown. It was not attested in texts from the 15th century, and its first attestation has been variously placed at 1572 CE[1] or mid-17th century[2]. It was initially a subject particle, of limited distribution and used in a complementary manner to (i). The development of its usage is as follows:[3]

  1. Since the mid-17th century: used after nouns ending in -i or -y,
    e.g. pwuli-ka ("mouth"), nay-ka ("scent"), poy-ka ("boat");
  2. Since the mid-18th century: used after nouns ending in vowels/semivowels other than -i,
    e.g. ca-ka ("one who"), soyngswo-ka, nwongso-ka ("farm work");
  3. During the end of the 18th century: used briefly in the form of double particle -i/yka after nouns ending in vowels/semivowels other than -i,
    e.g. to-yka ("road"), inkwu-yka ("population"), nwongso-yka ("farm work").

Various theories exist regarding its origin:

  1. Developed from the interrogative particle (ga);[4]
  2. Developed from the vocative case particle (ha)/ (a);[5]
  3. Developed from the connective ending 다가 (daga);[6]
  4. Developed from the verb 가— (ga, “to go”);[7]
  5. Borrowed from the Јапански nominative particle (ga).[8]

    Изговор[уреди]

    • IPA(key)[ka̠]
    • Phonetic Hangul[]
    Revised Romanization? ga
    Revised Romanization (translit.)? ga
    McCune–Reischauer? ka
    Yale Romanization? ka
    Audio
    (file)

    Честица[уреди]

    (ga)

    1. Indicates the subject of a sentence.
      그렇지, 갖고 있을텐데…
      geureochiman, naega peneul gatgo isseultende…
      I know I have a pen, though…
      Original English texts from 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
    2. Indicates the subjective complement of a sentence, usually used with 되다 (doeda, become) or 아니다 (anida, be not).
      Корисне белешке[уреди]
      • (ga) indicates the subject of the verb in the sentence, as opposed to the object, which * (reul) indicates. See also (neun), which indicates the topic of the sentence.
      • (ga) is used only after words ending with a vowel. After words ending with a consonant, (i) is used instead.
      Синоними[уреди]
      Видите и[уреди]

      Етимологија 4[уреди]

      Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

      Изговор[уреди]

      • IPA(key)[ka̠]
      • Phonetic Hangul[]
      Revised Romanization? ga
      Revised Romanization (translit.)? ga
      McCune–Reischauer? ka
      Yale Romanization? ka
      Audio
      (file)
      • IPA(key)[ka̠ː]
      • Phonetic Hangul[]
      Revised Romanization? ga
      Revised Romanization (translit.)? ga
      McCune–Reischauer? ka
      Yale Romanization?

      Именица[уреди]

      (ga)

      1. (): family, house
      2. (): price, value
      3. (): falsehood

      Суфикс[уреди]

      (ga)

      1. (): street
        • 종로3
          Jongno 3(sam)-ga
          "The 3rd Jongno Street"

      Слог[уреди]

      (ga)

      1. : lie
        (eumhun reading: )
        1. : temple
          (eumhun reading: )
          1. : beautiful
            (eumhun reading: )
            1. : lie
              (eumhun reading: )
              1. : furniture
                (eumhun reading: )
                1. : price
                  (eumhun reading: )
                  1. : to add
                    (eumhun reading: )
                    1. : right;able
                      (eumhun reading: )
                      1. : to scold
                        (eumhun reading: )
                        1. : coffee
                          (eumhun reading: )
                          1. : a surname
                            (eumhun reading: )
                            1. : right, good
                              (eumhun reading: )
                              1. : beautiful, joyous;happy
                                (eumhun reading: )
                                1. : uneven;unlevel
                                  (eumhun reading: )
                                  1. : get married(Used only for women)
                                    (eumhun reading: )
                                    1. : house
                                      (eumhun reading: )
                                      1. : house
                                        (eumhun reading: )
                                        1. : severe;harsh
                                          (eumhun reading: )
                                          1. : lotus root, aubergine
                                            (eumhun reading: )
                                            1. : reed
                                              (eumhun reading: )
                                              1. : drinking-cup
                                                (eumhun reading: )
                                                1. : spare time
                                                  (eumhun reading: )
                                                  1. : rack
                                                    (eumhun reading: )
                                                    1. : knife;flail
                                                      (eumhun reading: )
                                                      1. : branch
                                                        (eumhun reading: )
                                                        1. : catalpa
                                                          (eumhun reading: )
                                                          1. : catalpa
                                                            (eumhun reading: )
                                                            1. : music;song
                                                              (eumhun reading: )
                                                              1. : agate
                                                                (eumhun reading: )
                                                                1. : hair ornament
                                                                  (eumhun reading: )
                                                                  1. : one of the spelling of Buddha's name
                                                                    (eumhun reading: )
                                                                    1. : scab
                                                                      (eumhun reading: )
                                                                      1. : to plant
                                                                        (eumhun reading: )
                                                                        1. : a reed pipe
                                                                          (eumhun reading: )
                                                                          1. : flail
                                                                            (eumhun reading: )
                                                                            1. : boat;ship
                                                                              (eumhun reading: )
                                                                              1. : street
                                                                                (eumhun reading: )
                                                                                1. : the robes of fully ordained Buddhist monks and nuns
                                                                                  (eumhun reading: )
                                                                                  1. : to scold
                                                                                    (eumhun reading: )
                                                                                    1. : music;song
                                                                                      (eumhun reading: )
                                                                                      1. : price, value
                                                                                        (eumhun reading: )
                                                                                        1. : to do a lotus position
                                                                                          (eumhun reading: )
                                                                                          1. : handcart, a surname
                                                                                            (eumhun reading: )
                                                                                            1. : yoke
                                                                                              (eumhun reading: )
                                                                                              Изведени термини[уреди]

                                                                                              Етимологија 5[уреди]

                                                                                              Инфинитив од 가다 (gada, “to go”).

                                                                                              Изговор[уреди]

                                                                                              • IPA(key)[ka̠]
                                                                                              • Phonetic Hangul[]
                                                                                              Revised Romanization? ga
                                                                                              Revised Romanization (translit.)? ga
                                                                                              McCune–Reischauer? ka
                                                                                              Yale Romanization? ka
                                                                                              Audio
                                                                                              (file)

                                                                                              Глагол[уреди]

                                                                                              (ga) (infinitive of 가다)

                                                                                              1. connective form of 가다 (gada, “to go”): because of going, upon going.
                                                                                              2. informal form of 가다 (gada, “to go”): go (indicative/interrogative/imperative), let's go
                                                                                              Синоними[уреди]
                                                                                              • (infinitive of 가다, because of going, upon going): 가서 (gaseo)

                                                                                              Етимологија 6[уреди]

                                                                                              Именица[уреди]

                                                                                              (ga)

                                                                                              1. la (musical note)

                                                                                              Етимологија 7[уреди]

                                                                                              word from .
                                                                                              “The lowest class of scores when the korean five point grading system is applied”
                                                                                              Originated from the japanese grading system.

                                                                                              Именица[уреди]

                                                                                              (ga) (hanja )

                                                                                              1. The lowest class of scores when the korean five point grading system is applied
                                                                                              2. A noun that means something is allowed.
                                                                                                15 관람
                                                                                                15se gwallam ga
                                                                                                I Korean age rating for 15+
                                                                                                분할 상환
                                                                                                bunhal sanghwan ga
                                                                                                I Divided reimbursement allowed .
                                                                                              3. A statement that you say that you agree as in a conference.
                                                                                                의원 여러분께서 안건 대해 인지 부인지 결정해주시기를 바랍니다.
                                                                                                Uiwon yeoreobunkkeseoneun bon an-geone daehae gainji bu-injireul gyeoljeonghaejusigireul baramnida.
                                                                                                I The members of parliament, please decide whether you agree or disagree to this agenda.

                                                                                              Етимологија 8[уреди]

                                                                                              Изговор[уреди]

                                                                                              • IPA(key)[ka̠]
                                                                                              • Phonetic Hangul[]
                                                                                              Revised Romanization? ga
                                                                                              Revised Romanization (translit.)? ga
                                                                                              McCune–Reischauer? ka
                                                                                              Yale Romanization? ka

                                                                                              Суфикс[уреди]

                                                                                              (ga)

                                                                                              1. (Gyeongsang) an interrogative suffix for yes-no questions.

                                                                                              Повезани термини[уреди]

                                                                                              Референце[уреди]

                                                                                              1. 洪允杓, 主格語尾 「-가」에 대하여, 國語學 제3집, 1975.12, 65-91.
                                                                                              2. 고광모, 주격조사 ‘-가’의 발달, 사단법인 한국언어학회 2013년 겨울학술대회 발표논문집, 2013.12, 69-78.
                                                                                              3. 홍윤표, 近代國語硏究(Ⅰ), 태학사, 1994, pp. 412-413.
                                                                                              4. 이숭녕, 주격(主格) '가'의 발달(發達)과 그 해석(解釋), 국어국문학 제19권, 1958.6, 53-57.
                                                                                              5. 辛兌鉉, 鷄林類事·華夷譯語의 朝鮮 古語 續考, 한글, 1941.3, 9-2(통권84), pp. 1-2.
                                                                                              6. Ramstedt, G.J., Studies in Korean Etymology, 1949, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura.
                                                                                              7. 李承旭, 副動詞의 虛辭化, 진단학보, (51), 1981, 183-202.
                                                                                              8. 鄭光, 主格 ‘가’의 發達에 대하여: 近代國語資料의 解釋을 中心으로, 우리문화, 2.