able

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Такође погледајте: Able и -able

English[уреди]

Alternative forms[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески able, from Old Northern French able, variant of Стари Француски abile, habile, from Латински habilis (easily managed, held, or handled; apt; skillful), from habeō (have, possess) +‎ -ibilis.

Adjective[уреди]

able (comparative abler, superlative ablest)

  1. Having the necessary powers or the needed resources to accomplish a task. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).][1]
  2. Free from constraints preventing completion of task; permitted to; not prevented from. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).][1]
    I’ll see you as soon as I’m able.
    With that obstacle removed, I am now able to proceed with my plan.
    I’m only able to visit you when I have other work here.
    That cliff is able to be climbed.
  3. Gifted with skill, intelligence, knowledge, or competence. [First attested in the mid 16th century.][1]
    The chairman was also an able sailor.
  4. (law) Legally qualified or competent. [First attested in the early 18th century.][1]
    He is able to practice law in six states.
  5. (nautical) Capable of performing all the requisite duties; as an able seaman. [First attested in the late 18th century.][1]
  6. (obsolete, dialectal) Having the physical strength; robust; healthy. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).][1]
    After the past week of forced marches, only half the men are fully able.
  7. (obsolete) Easy to use. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the mid 18th century.][1]
    • 1710, Thomas Betterton, The life of Mr. Thomas Betterton, the late eminent tragedian.:
      As the hands are the most habil parts of the body...
  8. (obsolete) Suitable; competent. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the late 18th century.][1]
    • 2006, Jon L. Wakelyn, America's Founding Charters: Primary Documents of Colonial and Revolutionary Era Governance, volume 1, Greenwood Publishing Group, strana 212:
      [] and for every able man servant that he or she shall carry or send armed and provided as aforesaid, ninety acres of land of like measure.
  9. (obsolete, dialectal) Liable to. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).][1]
  10. (obsolete) Rich; well-to-do. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the late 19th century.][1]
    He was born to an able family.
Usage notes[уреди]
  • In standard English, one is "able to do something". In some older texts representing various dialects, particularly Irish English, or black speech, "able for do something" is found instead, and in some Caribbean dialects "able with" is sometimes found.[2][3]
Synonyms[уреди]
Derived terms[уреди]
Translations[уреди]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески ablen, from Средњи Енглески able (adjective).[4]

Verb[уреди]

able (third-person singular simple present ables, present participle ableing, simple past and past participle ableed)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To make ready. [Attested from around (1150 to 1350) until the late 16th century.][1]
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To make capable; to enable. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the late 19th century.][1]
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To dress. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the late 15th century.][1]
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To give power to; to reinforce; to confirm. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the mid 17th century.][1]
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To vouch for; to guarantee. [Attested from the late 16th century until the early 17th century.][1]
Derived terms[уреди]
Translations[уреди]

Etymology 3[уреди]

From the first letter of the word. Suggested in the 1916 United States Army Signal Book to distinguish the letter when communicating via telephone,[5] and later adopted in other radio and telephone signal standards.

Noun[уреди]

able (uncountable)

  1. (military) The letter "A" in Navy Phonetic Alphabet.

References[уреди]

  1. 1,00 1,01 1,02 1,03 1,04 1,05 1,06 1,07 1,08 1,09 1,10 1,11 1,12 1,13 1,14 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], →ISBN), page 5
  2. Шаблон:R:EDD
  3. Richard Allsopp, Jeannette Allsopp, Dictionary of Caribbean English Usage (2003), entry "able"
  4. Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], →ISBN), page 4
  5. United States Army (1916) Signal Book[1], Conventional telephone signals, page 33

Anagrams[уреди]


French[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

able m (plural ables)

  1. a vernacular name of the common bleak (usually called ablette)
  2. a vernacular name of the sunbleak or moderlieschen, also called able de Heckel
  3. (rare) a vernacular name of any of some other related fishes in the genus Alburnus (Cyprinidae)

Further reading[уреди]

Anagrams[уреди]


Middle English[уреди]

Alternative forms[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Стари Француски able, habile, from Латински habilis.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Adjective[уреди]

Шаблон:enm-adj

  1. capable, expert, qualified, skilful, competent.

Descendants[уреди]

  • Енглески: able
  • Шкотски: able

References[уреди]


Old French[уреди]

Alternative forms[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Латински habilis.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Adjective[уреди]

able m (oblique and nominative feminine singular able)

  1. able; capable

Declension[уреди]

Descendants[уреди]

  • Француски: habile
    • Румунски: abil
  • Средњи Холандски: abel
    • Холандски: abel
  • Средњи Енглески: able, habil

Scots[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески able, from Стари Француски able, habile, from Латински habilis.

Alternative forms[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Adjective[уреди]

able (comparative abler, superlative ablest)

  1. (obsolete) well-to-do, rich
  2. substantial
  3. physically fit, strong
  4. shrewd, cute, clever

References[уреди]

Etymology 2[уреди]

Adverb[уреди]

able (not comparable)

  1. Alternative form of aible (perhaps)

References[уреди]