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Садржај

Међујезички[уреди]

Етимологија[уреди]

Од Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-, not, without).

Префикс[уреди]

a-

  1. Used to form taxonomic names indicating a lack of some feature that might be expected

Изведени термини[уреди]

Категорија Међујезички речи са префиксом a- није пронађена

Енглески[уреди]

Етимологија 1[уреди]

Од Средњи Енглески a- (up, out, away), од Стари Енглески ā-, originally *ar-, *or-, од Пра-Германски *uz- (out-), од Пра-Индо-Европски *uds- (up, out). Cognate with Old Saxon ā-, German er-.

Изговор[уреди]

Префикс[уреди]

a-

  1. (no longer productive) forming verbs with the sense away, up, on, out
    arise, await
  2. (no longer productive) forming verbs with the sense of intensified action.
    abide, amaze

Етимологија 2[уреди]

Изговор[уреди]

Префикс[уреди]

a-

  1. (rare or no longer productive) in, on, at; used to show a state, condition, or manner. Also passing into sense 2. [First attested prior to 1150][1]
    apace, afire, aboil, a-bling
  2. (no longer productive) In, into. Also passing into sense 5. [First attested prior to 1150][1]
    asunder
  3. In the direction of, or toward. [First attested prior to 1150][1]
    astern, abeam
  4. (archaic, dialectal) At such a time. [First attested prior to 1150][1]
    Come a-morning we are going hunting.
  5. (archaic, dialectal) In the act or process of. Being conflated with the next definition, a- is used in some dialects to indicate any participle. [First attested prior to 1150][1]
    • 1777, Thomas Arne, A-Hunting We Will Go
    • 1780, The Twelve Days of Christmas:
      The twelfth day of Christmas,
      My true love sent to me
      Twelve lords a-leaping,
      Eight maids a-milking,
      Seven swans a-swimming,
      Six geese a-laying,
    • circa 1850, Here We Come A-wassailing/Here We Come A-caroling
      Here we come a-wassailing
      Among the leaves so green;
      Here we come a-wand’ring
      So fair to be seen.
    • 1939, Alfred Edward Housman, Additional Poems, XIII, lines 6-7:
      Oh waste no words a-wooing
      The soft sleep to your bed;
    • 1964, Bob Dylan, "The Times They Are a-Changin' " (recorded 1963, released 1964):
      The order is rapidly fadin'
      And the first one now will later be last
      For the times they are a-changin'
    • circa 1970, bumper sticker:[2]
      If the van’s a-rockin’, don’t come a-knockin’.

Etymology 3[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески a-, a variant form of y-, from Стари Енглески ġe-, from Пра-Германски *ga-, from Пра-Индо-Европски *ḱóm (with).

Alternative forms[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. Obsolete form of y-. Archaic and Dialectal. In dialect, it is sometimes conflated with sense 5 of the previous definition, and is used as a general indicator of a participle. [First attested around 1150 to 1350 (Middle English).][1]
    aware, alike

Etymology 4[уреди]

From Anglo-Norman a-, from Стари Француски e-, from Латински ex-.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. (no longer productive) forming words with the sense of wholly, or utterly out [First attested from around 1150 to 1350.][1]
    abash

Etymology 5[уреди]

From Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-) (ἀν- (an-) immediately preceding a vowel).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. Not, without, opposite of.
    amoral, asymmetry, atheism, asexual, acyclic
    • 1948 (revised 1952), Robert Graves, The White Goddess, Faber & Faber 1999, page 7:
      When invited to believe in the Chimaera, the horse-centaurs, or the winged horse Pegasus, all of them straightforward Pelasgian cult-symbols, a philosopher felt bound to reject them as a-zoölogical improbabilities [...].
    • 2012, Faramerz Dabhoiwala, The Origins of Sex, Penguin 2013, page 191:
      If aroused outside the proper outlet of marriage, [female lust] could range out of control, turning its possessor into an a-feminine monster: that is what happened to fallen women.
Usage notes[уреди]
  • Used with stems that begin with consonants except sometimes h. an- is synonymous and is used in front of words that start with vowels and sometimes h.[3]

Etymology 6[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески a-, from Средњи Француски a-, from Латински ad (towards).

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. (no longer productive) Towards; Used to indicate direction, reduction to, increase to, change into, or motion. [First attested from around 1150 to 1350.][1]
    ascend, aspire, amass, abandon, avenue
Usage notes[уреди]
  • Used on stems that started with sc, sp, or st, and also used on stems with a French origin.
  • Used in place of ad-.[4]

Etymology 7[уреди]

From Латински ab (of, off, from, away)

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. (no longer productive) Away from. [First attested from around 1150 to 1350.][1]
    avert, aperient, abridge, assoil[3]
Usage notes[уреди]
  • Variation of the prefix ab-, only used when the stem starts with the letter p or v. [3]

Etymology 8[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески a-, o- (of)

  • See a (preposition, of)

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. (no longer productive) Of, from. [First attested prior to 1150.][1]
    anew, afresh, athirst[3]

Usage notes[уреди]

Different Germanic senses of a- became confused – vaguely “intensive” – and are no longer productive. The Greek sense of “not” (e.g., amoral, asymmetry) remains productive.

“[I]t naturally happened that all these a- prefixes were at length confusedly lumped together in idea, and the resultant a- looked upon as vaguely intensive, rhetorical, euphonic [nice-sounding], or even archaic, and wholly otiose [pointless].” OED.

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Енглески речи са префиксом a- није пронађена

References[уреди]

  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 1,3 1,4 1,5 1,6 1,7 1,8 1,9 Brown, Lesley (2003)
  2. See “Don’t Come A-Knockin’”, TV Tropes for more examples and discussion.
  3. 3,0 3,1 3,2 3,3 Urdang, Laurence (1984)
  4. Lindberg, Christine A. (2007)
  • Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], →ISBN), page 1
  • “a-” in Christine A. Lindberg, editor, The Oxford College Dictionary, 2nd edition, New York, N.Y.: Spark Publishing, 2002, →ISBN, page 1.
  • Laurence Urdang (editor), The Random House College Dictionary (Random House, 1984 [1975], →ISBN), page 1
  • a-” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2019.

A-Pucikwar[уреди]

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. prefix attached to words relating to the mouth, such as the names of languages

Danish[уреди]

Prefix[уреди]

Шаблон:da-prefix

  1. a-, un- (not)
  2. A- (atomic, nuclear)
    Synonyms: atom-, A-

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Дански речи са префиксом a- није пронађена

Dutch[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-) (ἀν- (an-) immediately preceding a vowel).

Pronunciation[уреди]

  • МФА(кључ): /aː/
  • (file)

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. a-: Not, without, opposite of.

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Холандски речи са префиксом a- није пронађена

See also[уреди]


Finnish[уреди]

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. (in loanwords) non-, un-
    Synonym: epä-

French[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Стари Француски a-, from Латински ad-.

Prefix[уреди]

Шаблон:fr-prefix

  1. A prefix forming words, especially verbs, that denote entering a state, making progress toward a goal, or the like.

Etymology 2[уреди]

From Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-) (ἀν- (an-) immediately preceding a vowel; generalized from the many Latin borrowings using this prefix.

Prefix[уреди]

Шаблон:fr-prefix

  1. a-, non-, -less.

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Француски речи са префиксом a- није пронађена

References[уреди]


German[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-) (ἀν- (an-) immediately preceding a vowel).

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. a- (not, without, opposite of)

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Немачки речи са префиксом a- није пронађена

Further reading[уреди]

  • a- у Duden на интернету

Italian[уреди]

Италијански Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија it

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Латински ad-.

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. ad- (indicating direction)

Usage notes[уреди]

The Italian prefix a- often reduplicates the following consonant (syntactic gemination, raddoppiamento fonosintattico). The actual forms usually will be ab- (in abbracciare), ac- (in accorrere), ad- (in addestrare), al- (in allargare) etc.

Etymology 2[уреди]

Borrowed from Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-).

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. a- (indicating lack or loss)
    Synonym: an-

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Италијански речи са префиксом a- није пронађена

Latin[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

Prefix[уреди]

ā-

  1. Alternative form of ab-

Usage notes[уреди]

Used before bilabial voiced consonants: b-, m- and v-.

Etymology 2[уреди]

From ad (towards)

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. (Before a word beginning with sc, sp or st) Alternative form of ad-
    a- + ‎scandere (climb) → ‎ascendere (climb up, go up; rise, spring up)
    a- + ‎scrībere (write) → ‎ascrībere (state in writing, add in writing; insert; appoint, enroll, enfranchise, reckon, number)
    a- + ‎spīrāre (breathe) → ‎aspīrāre (breathe or blow upon; am favorable to, assist, favor, aid; aspire or desire (to); approach, come near (to))
    a- + ‎specere (observe, look at) → ‎aspicere (look at or towards, behold; regard, respect; observe, notice; examine, inspect; consider, ponder)
    a- + ‎stringere (press, tighten, compress) → ‎astringere (draw close, bind or tie together; tighten, contract; check, restrain; oblige, necessitate)
    a- + ‎struere (compose, construct, build; ready, prepare; place, arrange) → ‎astruere (build near or to a thing, erect; build on, heap; build an additional structure)

Latvian[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

Via other European languages, ultimately from Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-) (ἀν- (an-) immediately preceding a vowel).

Pronunciation[уреди]

(file)

Prefix[уреди]

Шаблон:lv-prefix

  1. Not, not having, without, opposite of.
    a- + ‎seksuāls → ‎aseksuāls

Navajo[уреди]

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. someone's, people's

Usage notes[уреди]

This prefix is often used as a neutral possessive pronoun to make the citation forms of inalienable nouns: amá (someone's mother), akʼos (someone's neck), ajáád (someone's leg), ajááʼ (someone's ear), akʼéí (someone's kin). The alternative is to use the prefix ha- (one's) or bi- (his/her/its/their) to make these dictionary forms.

See also[уреди]

Шаблон:nv-possessive pronouns


Northern Ndebele[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Proto-Nguni *á-, from Proto-Bantu *gá-.

Prefix[уреди]

a- (medial wa-)

  1. they; class 6 subject concord.

Etymology 2[уреди]

From Proto-Nguni *á-, from Proto-Bantu *gáá-.

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. of; class 6 possessive concord.

Norwegian Bokmål[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-, not, without).

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. a- (not, without)

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Norwegian Bokmål речи са префиксом a- није пронађена

References[уреди]

  • “a-” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • “a-” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

Norwegian Nynorsk[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-, not, without).

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. a- (not, without)

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Norwegian Nynorsk речи са префиксом a- није пронађена

References[уреди]


Old English[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From an earlier form ar-, from Пра-Германски *uz-. Cognate with Old High German ar-, ir- (Немачки er-).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Prefix[уреди]

ā-

  1. forming words with the sense from, away, off, out, e.g. āniman

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Стари Енглески речи са префиксом a- није пронађена

Descendants[уреди]

  • Средњи Енглески: a-
    • Енглески: a-

Old French[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Латински ad, which was often reduced to a- in compounds.

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. indicating movement towards something
  2. (by extension) indicating a change of state
  3. intensifying prefix
  4. Alternative form of es-

Old Irish[уреди]

Prefix[уреди]

Шаблон:sga-infixed pronoun

  1. him (triggers eclipsis)
  2. it (triggers lenition)

Usage notes[уреди]

This form merges with the prefixes ro-, no-, di-, to-, fo-, ar-, and imm- to form ra-, na-, da-, da-, fa-, ara-, imma- respectively. It disappears after the particle (not), its only trace being the mutation it causes (eclipsis in the case of the masculine, lenition in the case of the neuter), thus ní cara (does not love) vs. ní chara (does not love it), ní ben (does not strike) vs. ní mben (does not strike him).

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Old Irish речи са префиксом a- није пронађена

See also[уреди]

Шаблон:sga-affixed pronouns


Old Saxon[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From an earlier form ar-, from Пра-Германски *uz-. Cognate with Стари Енглески a-, Old High German ar-, ir- (Немачки er-).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Prefix[уреди]

ā-

  1. forming words with the sense from, away, out, off, e.g. āniman

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Old Saxon речи са префиксом a- није пронађена

Phuthi[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Proto-Nguni *á-, from Proto-Bantu *gá-.

Prefix[уреди]

a- (medial wa-)

  1. they; class 6 subject concord.

Polish[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-) (ἀν- (an-) immediately preceding a vowel), from Пра-Индо-Европски *n̥- (un-, not), zero-grade form of *ne (not). Doublet of nie.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. forming words with the sense of negation
    a- + ‎społeczny → ‎aspołeczny

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Пољски речи са префиксом a- није пронађена

Further reading[уреди]

  • a- in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Old Portuguese a-.

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. added to adjective X, forms verbs meaning to make/turn X
    a- + vermelho (red) + -aravermelhar (to redden)
    a- + baixo (low) + -arabaixar (to lower)
  2. added to noun X, forms verbs meaning to cause or make X or to cause something to have X
    a- + pavor (dread) + -arapavorar (to frighten)
    a- + fama (fame) + -arafamar (to make famous)

Etymology 2[уреди]

From Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-), from Пра-Индо-Европски *n̥-.

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. a- (not; without)
    Synonym: in-

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Португалски речи са префиксом a- није пронађена

Serbo-Croatian[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-) (ἀν- (an-) immediately preceding a vowel), from Пра-Индо-Европски *n̥- (un-, not), zero-grade form of *ne (not). Doublet of ne.

Prefix[уреди]

a- (Ћирилица правопис а-)

  1. Prefix prepended to words to denote a negation, deprivation or absence of a property denoted by base word.
    Synonyms: bez-, ne-

References[уреди]

  • a-” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Spanish[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Латински ad-.

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. A prefix forming words, especially verbs, that denote entering a state, making progress toward a goal, or the like.

See also[уреди]

Etymology 2[уреди]

From Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-) (ἀν- (an-) immediately preceding a vowel; generalized from the many Latin borrowings using this prefix.

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. a-, non-, -less

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Шпански речи са префиксом a- није пронађена

Swazi[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Proto-Bantu *à-.

Prefix[уреди]

a- (medial ka-)

  1. he, she, it; class 1 subject concord, used in the subjunctive and potential mood.
See also[уреди]
  • u- (in other cases)

Etymology 2[уреди]

From Proto-Nguni *á-, from Proto-Bantu *gá-.

Prefix[уреди]

a- (medial wa-)

  1. they; class 6 subject concord.

Etymology 3[уреди]

From Proto-Nguni *á-, from Proto-Bantu *gáá-.

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. of; class 6 possessive concord.

Xhosa[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Proto-Nguni *á-, from Proto-Bantu *gá-.

Prefix[уреди]

a- (medial wa-)

  1. they; class 6 subject concord.

Etymology 2[уреди]

From Proto-Nguni *á-, from Proto-Bantu *gáá-.

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. of; class 6 possessive concord.

Etymology 3[уреди]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg Ово entry недостаје етимолошких информација. Ако сте упознати са пореклом овог израза, додајте га на страницу etymology instructions. Такође можете да разговарате о томе Etymology scriptorium.

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. Class 6 relative concord.

Etymology 4[уреди]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg Ово entry недостаје етимолошких информација. Ако сте упознати са пореклом овог израза, додајте га на страницу etymology instructions. Такође можете да разговарате о томе Etymology scriptorium.

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. not
Usage notes[уреди]

Used in the indicative mood, prefixed to the subject concord.


Zulu[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Proto-Nguni *á-, from Proto-Bantu *à-.

Prefix[уреди]

a- (medial ka-)

  1. he, she, it; class 1 subject concord, used in the subjunctive and potential mood.
See also[уреди]
  • u- (in other cases)

Etymology 2[уреди]

From Proto-Nguni *á-, from Proto-Bantu *gá-.

Prefix[уреди]

a- (medial wa-)

  1. they; class 6 subject concord.

Etymology 3[уреди]

From Proto-Nguni *á-, from Proto-Bantu *gáá-.

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. of; class 6 possessive concord.

Etymology 4[уреди]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg Ово entry недостаје етимолошких информација. Ако сте упознати са пореклом овог израза, додајте га на страницу etymology instructions. Такође можете да разговарате о томе Etymology scriptorium.

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. Class 6 relative concord.

Etymology 5[уреди]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg Ово entry недостаје етимолошких информација. Ако сте упознати са пореклом овог израза, додајте га на страницу etymology instructions. Такође можете да разговарате о томе Etymology scriptorium.

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. not
Usage notes[уреди]

Used in the indicative mood, prefixed to the subject concord.

Etymology 6[уреди]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg Ово entry недостаје етимолошких информација. Ако сте упознати са пореклом овог израза, додајте га на страницу etymology instructions. Такође можете да разговарате о томе Etymology scriptorium.

Prefix[уреди]

a-

  1. Alternative form of ma- (hortative)

References[уреди]



a-[уреди]

an-

a-

Префикс: a-

Порекло: Grčko

Примери:

amoralan ateist anemija

Изведене речи: a-

  1. a- an- (G) bez ne amoralan ateist anemija (G)
  2. ab-[1] (L) od, iz, sa abnormalan, abdicirati
  3. ad- ak- af- (L) ka adaptacija, akcenat, afera
  4. aero- (L) vazduh aerodrom, aeronautika
  5. amb- ambi- (G) oba ambivalencija
  6. amfi- (G) okolo amfiteatar
  7. ante- (L) pre ispred antecedens
  8. anti- (G) protiv suprotno antibiotik antiklimaks
  9. apo- (G) od raz- apokalipsa apoteoza
  10. arh- (G) nad prvi pra- arhiepiskop arhaizam
  11. aut- (E) izvan autsajder
  12. auto- (G) sam samo- automat autobiograf
  13. bene- (L) dobar beneficija
  14. bi- (G) dva biseksualac bicikl
  15. centi- cente- (L) sto centimetar
  16. cirk- (L) okolo cirkulacija cirkular
  17. de- (F) ukidanje padanje demobilizacija degradacija
  18. deka- deci- (G) deset dekada decimala
  19. demo- (G) narodno demokratija demografija
  20. di- (G) dvostruko dva- dijada dijadema
  21. dija- (G) kroz preko dijagnoza dijafragma
  22. dis- (L) [[]]
  23. duo- (G) [[]]
  24. ek- (L) [[]]
  25. eks- (L) [[]]
  26. ekstra- (L) [[]]
  27. ekvi- (L) [[]]
  28. en- (G) [[]]
  29. epi- (G) [[]]
  30. heksa- (G) [[]]
  31. hemi- (G) [[]]
  32. hepta- (G) [[]]
  33. hidra- hidro- (G) [[]]
  34. hipo- (G) [[]]
  35. hiper- (G) [[]]
  36. homo- (L) [[]]
  37. in- il- im- (L) [[]]
  38. in- im- (L) [[]]
  39. inter- (L) [[]]
  40. intra- intro- (L) [[]]
  41. izo- (G) [[]]
  42. kata- (G) [[]]
  43. ko- kom- (L) [[]]
  44. kon- () [[]]
  45. kontra- () [[]]
  46. kvadra- kvadro- () [[]]
  47. mal- () [[]]
  48. meta- () [[]]
  49. mono- () [[]]
  50. multi- () [[]]
  51. non- () [[]] [[]] [[]] [[]]
  52. nekro-
  53. neo-
  54. op-
  55. of-
  56. okta- okto-
  57. orto-
  58. paleo-
  59. pan-
  60. para-
  61. penta-
  62. peri-
  63. per-
  64. poli-
  65. post-
  66. pra-
  67. pre-
  68. prim-
  69. pro-
  70. pro-
  71. re-
  72. retro-
  73. semi-
  74. sil-
  75. sin-
  76. sub-
  77. super
  78. tele-
  79. ter-
  80. tetra-
  81. trans-
  82. [[]]
  83. tri- (L,G) tri trijada triangl
  84. ultra- (L) izvan ultraljubičast ultrakratak
  85. uni- (L) jedan univerzalan uniforma

Категорија:Prefiks

  1. Toni Buzan : Brzo čitanje, strana 163