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English language.svg Енглески

Etymology 1

From Средњи Енглески an-, from Стари Енглески an-, on- (on-), from Proto-Germanic *ana- (on). More at on.

Alternative forms

Prefix

an-

  1. Alternative form of on-
    ancome, aneal, anent

Etymology 2

From Антички Грчки ἀν- (an-).

Prefix

an-

  1. not; used to make words that have a sense opposite to the word (or stem) to which the prefix is attached. Used with stems that begin with vowels and "h".
  2. Without, lacking.
    anoxia (without oxygen), anandrous (without male parts)
Synonyms
Derived terms

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).

Related terms

See also

Anagrams


Aromanian

Prefix

an-

  1. Alternative form of ãn-

Classical Nahuatl

Alternative forms

  • am- (when followed by a vowel or a consonant which is labial)

Prefix

an-

  1. Subject prefix for verbs; it indicates that the subject is second-person plural; you, you all.

Cornish

Prefix

an-

  1. un-, non-

References

  • 2018, Akademi Kernewek Gerlyver Kernewek (FSS) Cornish Dictionary (SWF) (2018 edition, p.11)

Dutch

Etymology

From Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-) (ἀν- (an-) immediately preceding a vowel).

Pronunciation

  • МФА(кључ): /ɑn/
  • (file)

Prefix

an-

  1. an-: Not, without, opposite of.

Derived terms

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).


French

Pronunciation

Prefix

Шаблон:fr-prefix

  1. in-, an-. Alternative form of a- before a vowel or h

Derived terms

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German

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *ana, from Proto-Germanic *ana. Compare Енглески on-.

Pronunciation

Prefix

Шаблон:de-pref

  1. Separable verb prefix, on
    Antonyms: ab-, aus-
  2. Separable verb prefix, up
    Синоним: hoch-
    Antonyms: ab-, runter-

Derived terms

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).

See also


Ido

Etymology

From an (at, on).

Prefix

an-

  1. at, on

Derived terms

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).


Irish

Etymology 1

From Old Irish an-, from Proto-Celtic *an-, from Пра-Индо-Европски *n̥-.

Alternative forms

  • ana- (form used before consonants in Munster)

Pronunciation

Prefix

an-

  1. (with adjectives, always spelled with a hyphen) very
    Синонимs: fíor-, rí-
  2. (with adjectives) over-, excessively, intensely
  3. (with nouns) great, excessive
Usage notes
  • an- + ‎beag → ‎an-bheag (very small)
  • an- + ‎deas → ‎an-deas (very nice)
  • In some dialects (e.g. Aran), it also changes s to ts:
  • an- + ‎saor → ‎an-tsaor (very cheap) (standard form an-saor)
  • In Munster, this form is used only before a vowel; before a consonant the variant ana- is used.
Derived terms

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Etymology 2

From Old Irish an-, in-, from Proto-Celtic *an-, from Пра-Индо-Европски *n̥-.

Alternative forms

  • ain- (used before slender vowels and consonants)

Pronunciation

Prefix

an- (usually spelled without a hyphen)

  1. in-, un-, not
  2. bad, unnatural
Derived terms

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value). Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).

Etymology 3

From Антички Грчки ἀν- (an-).

Prefix

an-

  1. an- (not)
Derived terms

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
an- n-an- han- t-an-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading


Italian

Prefix

an-

  1. Alternative form of a- indicating lack or loss

Derived terms

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).


Luxembourgish

Etymology

From the preposition an, from Proto-Germanic *in. Compare Немачки ein-, Енглески in-.

Pronunciation

Prefix

an-

  1. in- (indicates physical or metaphorical motion into something)

Usage notes

  • When attached to a verb stem beginning with a consonant sound other than /d/, /h/, /n/, /t/ or /t͡s/, the prefix becomes a- as a result of the Eifeler Regel.

Antonyms

Derived terms

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).


Malagasy

Prefix

an-

  1. prefix element of an- -ana

See also


Maquiritari

Pronunciation

Prefix

an-

  1. allomorph of ön- (negative/sociative irrealis prefix) used for stems that begin with a or e.

Middle English

Prefix

an-

  1. Alternative form of en-

Middle Welsh

Etymology

From Proto-Brythonic *an-, from Proto-Celtic *an-, from Пра-Индо-Европски *n̥-.

Prefix

an-

  1. un-, not

Derived terms

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).

Descendants

  • Велшки: an-, af-

Old English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From ān (one).

Pronunciation

Prefix

Шаблон:ang-prefix

  1. one; mono-, uni-
    ān- + -hende (handed)ānhende (one-handed)
    ān- + horn (horn)ānhorn (unicorn)
    ān- + -īeġe (-eyed)ānīeġe (one-eyed)
    ān- + -mōd (-minded)ānmōd (unanimous)
    ān- + -nes (-ness)ānnes (unity)
    ān- + wīġ (battle)ānwīġ (duel)
    ān- + -wille (-willed)ānwille (stubborn)
    ān- + -wintre (years old)ānwintre (one year old)
  2. lone, alone
    ān- + *genġa (walker)āngenġa (loner)
    ān- + *setla (settler)ānsetla (hermit)

Old French

Prefix

an-

  1. Alternative form of en-

Usage notes


Old Irish

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *an-, from Пра-Индо-Европски *n̥-.

Prefix

Шаблон:sga-prefix

  1. un-, not
  2. very

Derived terms

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).

Descendants

Further reading


Pali

Alternative forms

Prefix

an-

  1. Alternative form of a- used before words beginning with vowels

Derived terms

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).

References


Pipil

Pronunciation

Prefix

an-

  1. (personal) you, second-person plural subject marker.
    Antekitit tik ne mil?
    Do you work at the cornfield?

Usage notes

  • Before a vowel, an- changes to anh-. The digraph ⟨nh⟩ is pronounced as [ŋ]. Example:
Anhajsiket peyna.
You came early.

See also

Шаблон:ppl-subject markers


Polish

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Антички Грчки ἀ- (a-) (ἀν- (an-) immediately preceding a vowel), from Пра-Индо-Европски *n̥- (un-, not), zero-grade form of *ne (not). Дублети of nie.

Pronunciation

Prefix

an-

  1. forming words with the sense of negation, an-

Derived terms

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).

Further reading

  • an- in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • an- in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Saterland Frisian

Etymology

From Old Frisian an-, from Proto-West Germanic *ana-. Cognates include West Frisian oan- and Немачки an-.

Pronunciation

Prefix

an-

  1. combining form of an

Derived terms

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).


Scottish Gaelic

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old Irish an-

Prefix

an-

  1. un-, anti-
  2. bad, unnatural

Derived terms

Related terms

Prefix

an-

  1. Used to emphasise the root.

Derived terms


Swedish

Etymology

From the Old Swedish and- meaning “against/towards”.

Prefix

an-

  1. against, towards

Derived terms

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).

Anagrams


Welsh

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle Welsh an-, from Proto-Brythonic *an-, from Proto-Celtic *an-, from Пра-Индо-Европски *n̥-.[1] Cognate with Cornish an-.

Prefix

an-

  1. not, un-, non-, an-, dis-, negative prefix
    an- + ‎parch (respect) → ‎amarch (disrespect)
    an- + ‎prisiadwy (valuable) → ‎amhrisiadwy (invaluable)
    an- + ‎teg (fair) → ‎annheg (unfair)
    an- + ‎cofio (to remember) → ‎anghofio (to forget)
    an- + ‎diwedd (end) → ‎anniwedd (endless)
    an- + ‎gwybod (to know) → ‎anwybod (ignorance)
    an- + ‎mantais (advantage) → ‎anfantais (disadvantage)
    Синоним: (used before gl, ll, rh, and consonantal i) af-
Usage notes

Triggers the nasal mutation of p, t, c and d, sometimes with accompanying euphonic or orthographic adjustments, and the soft mutation of b, g and m.

Etymology 2

From Proto-Celtic *ande-, *ando- (inside)

Prefix

an- (not productive)

  1. intensive prefix
  2. in-, inside, inward
Derived terms

Lua грешка in Модул:compound/templates at line 445: attempt to call field 'pluralize' (a nil value).

Mutation

Шаблон:cy-mut

Further reading

Шаблон:R:cy:GPC

References


an- (српски)

Префикс: an-

Četrnaest reči koje sadrže ključne reči

1, preparat pre- ranije paratus spreman
2 dekadencija de- od cadere padati
3 interval inter- između , među vallus bedem
4 obligacija ob- protiv ligo vezati
5 indukcija in- u ducere voditi
6 monografija mono- sam, jedan graphein pisati
7 epilog epi- nad, po logos govor
8 advokat ad- ka, do vocatio zvanje, poziv
9 anoniman an- ne onoma ime
10 eksport eks- izvan porta vrata
11 reprodukcija re- ponovo
pro- napred, za ducere voditi
12 indiskretan in- ne-
dis- razdvojen, ne cretio izjava
13 subordinacija sub- pod, ispod ordinatio čvrst poredak
14 transkripcija trans- preko scribere pisati

an-