sum

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Такође погледајте: Sum, súm, šum, и -sum

Садржај

Енглески[уреди]

Изговор[уреди]

Етимологија 1[уреди]

Од Средњи Енглески summe, од Стари Француски summe, од Латински summa, feminine of summus (highest).

Именица[уреди]

sum (plural sums)

  1. A quantity obtained by addition or aggregation.
    The sum of 3 and 4 is 7.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Bible, Numbers i. 2
      Take ye the sum of all the congregation.
  2. (often plural) An arithmetic computation, especially one posed to a student as an exercise (not necessarily limited to addition).
    We're learning about division, and the sums are tricky.
  3. A quantity of money.
    a tidy sum
    the sum of forty pounds
    • (Can we date this quote?) Bible, Acts xxii. 28
      With a great sum obtained I this freedom.
  4. A summary; the principal points or thoughts when viewed together; the amount; the substance; compendium.
    This is the sum of all the evidence in the case.
    This is the sum and substance of his objections.
  5. A central idea or point.
  6. The utmost degree.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought / My story to the sum of earthly bliss.
  7. (obsolete) An old English measure of corn equal to the quarter.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, page 207:
      The sum is also used for the quarter, and the strike for the bushel.
Синоними[уреди]
Hyponyms[уреди]
Изведени термини[уреди]
Повезани термини[уреди]
Terms etymologically related to sum
Преводи[уреди]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Видите такође[уреди]

Глагол[уреди]

sum (third-person singular simple present sums, present participle summing, simple past and past participle summed)

  1. (transitive) To add together.
    • 2005, Plato, Sophist. Translation by Lesley Brown. 250b.
      when you say that stability and change are, it's because you're summing them up together as embraced by it, and taking note of the communion each of them has with being.
  2. (transitive) To give a summary of.
Синоними[уреди]
Преводи[уреди]

Референце[уреди]

Etymology 2[уреди]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Som (currency) на Википедија

Borrowed from Казашки сом (som), Киргиски сом (som), Uyghur سوم(som), and Uzbek soʻm, all of which have the core signification “pure”, used in elliptical reference to historical coins of pure gold.

Alternative forms[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

sum (plural sums)

  1. The basic unit of money in Kyrgyzstan.
  2. The basic unit of money in Uzbekistan.
Translations[уреди]

Etymology 3[уреди]

Eye dialect spelling of some.

Pronoun[уреди]

sum

  1. (African American Vernacular) Eye dialect spelling of some.

Further reading[уреди]

Anagrams[уреди]


Aromanian[уреди]

Alternative forms[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Латински subtus, from sub. Compare Румунски sub.

Preposition[уреди]

sum

  1. under

Czech[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

sum

  1. genitive множине of suma

Etymology 2[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

sum

  1. genitive множине of sumo

Faroese[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Conjunction[уреди]

sum

  1. like, as
  2. when, as

Particle[уреди]

sum (relative particle)

  1. that, who, which

Synonyms[уреди]


Gothic[уреди]

Romanization[уреди]

sum

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐌿𐌼

Icelandic[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Adjective[уреди]

sum

  1. inflection of sumur (some):
    1. nominative женског рода једнине
    2. nominative средњег рода множине
    3. accusative средњег рода множине
    Ég þekkti sum barnanna.I knew some of the children.

Kavalan[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

sum

  1. urine

Латински[уреди]

Етимологија[уреди]

The present stem is from Proto-Italic *ezom, from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₁ésmi (I am, I exist). Cognates include Антички Грчки εἰμί (eimí), Санскрт अस्मि (ásmi), Стари Енглески eom (Енглески am). The perfect stem is from Proto-Italic *(fe)fūai, from Пра-Индо-Европски *bʰúHt (to become, be) (whence also fīō (to become, to be made), and future and imperfect inflections -bō, -bam).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

sum (present infinitive esse, perfect active fuī, future participle futūrus); irregular conjugation, no passive

  1. (copulative) I am, exist, have (with dative)
    • Heauton Timorumenos (“The Self-Tormentor”) by Publius Terentius Afer
      Homo sum, humani nihil a me alienum puto.
      I am a man, I consider nothing that is human alien to me.
    • René Descartes
      Cogito, ergo sum.
      I think, therefore I am.
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations (Latin text and English translations here)
      O di immortales, ubinam gentium sumus? Quam rem publicam habemus? In qua urbe vivimus?.
      O ye immortal gods, where on earth are we? What is the government we have? In what city do we live?
    • 121 CE, Suetonius, De vita Caesarum ("About the Life of the Caesars", commonly referred to as "The Twelve Caesars")
      Alea iacta est.
      The die is cast.
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Exodus.20.12:
      Honora patrem tuum et matrem tuam, ut sis longaevus super terram, quam Dominus Deus tuus dabit tibi.
      Honour thy father and thy mother, that thou mayest be longlived upon the land which the Lord thy God will give thee.
    Civis romanus sum.I am a Roman citizen.
    Sum sine regno.I am without a kingdom.
    Dixit duas res ei rubori fuisse.He said that two things had abashed him.
    Mihi est multum tempus.I have a lot of time. (lit. A lot of time is to me.)

Conjugation[уреди]

   Conjugation of sum (highly irregular, suppletive, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sum es est sumus estis sunt
imperfect eram erās erat erāmus erātis erant
future erō eris, ere erit erimus eritis erunt
perfect fuī fuistī fuit fuimus fuistis fuērunt, fuēre
pluperfect fueram fuerās fuerat fuerāmus fuerātis fuerant
future perfect fuerō fueris fuerit fuerimus fueritis fuerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sim sīs sit sīmus sītis sint
imperfect essem, forem essēs, forēs esset, foret essēmus, forēmus essētis, forētis essent, forent
perfect fuerim fuerīs fuerit fuerīmus fuerītis fuerint
pluperfect fuissem fuissēs fuisset fuissēmus fuissētis fuissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present es este
future estō estō estōte suntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives esse fuisse futūrus esse, fore
participles futūrus

Изведени термини[уреди]

Descendants[уреди]

  • Vulgar Latin: *sun (see there for further descendants)

References[уреди]

  • sum¹ in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • 1 sum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, pages 1,511–1,512
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.Lua грешка in Модул:R:M&A at line 62: attempt to index field '?' (a nil value).
  • sum in D. P. Simpson, Cassell's Latin Dictionary, Wiley Publishing, 1968

Norwegian Bokmål[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Латински summa

Noun[уреди]

sum m (definite singular summen, indefinite plural summer, definite plural summene)

  1. a sum (addition or aggregation)
    Hva er summen av 2+2?
    What's the sum of 2+2?
  2. a sum (amount of money)
Derived terms[уреди]

Etymology 2[уреди]

From the verb summe

Noun[уреди]

sum n (definite singular summet)

  1. buzz (continuous noise)

Etymology 3[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

Шаблон:nb-verb-form

  1. imperative of summe

References[уреди]


Norwegian Nynorsk[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Латински summa

Noun[уреди]

sum m (definite singular summen, indefinite plural summar, definite plural summane)

  1. a sum (addition or aggregation)
    Kva er summen av 2+2?
    What's the sum of 2+2?
  2. a sum (amount of money)
Derived terms[уреди]

Etymology 2[уреди]

From the verb summe

Noun[уреди]

sum n (definite singular summet)

  1. buzz (continuous noise)

Etymology 3[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

sum n (definite singular sumet, indefinite plural sum, definite plural suma)

  1. an act of swimming
    Dei la på sum utover mot holmen.
    They started swimming towards the holm.

Etymology 4[уреди]

Pronoun[уреди]

sum m (feminine sum, neuter sumt, plural sume)

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 2012; superseded by som

References[уреди]


Old English[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Пра-Германски *sumaz, whence also Old High German sum, Old Norse sumr.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Pronoun[уреди]

sum

  1. some

Descendants[уреди]


Old Saxon[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Пра-Германски *sumaz, whence also Old English sum, Old Norse sumr

Pronoun[уреди]

sum n

  1. some

Declension[уреди]


Descendants[уреди]

  • Middle Low German: som
    • Low German: sum

Polish[уреди]

sum (a catfish, Silurus glanis)

Etymology[уреди]

From Прасловенски *somъ.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

sum m anim

  1. European catfish

Declension[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

sum f pl

  1. genitive множине of suma

Further reading[уреди]

  • sum in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Shabo[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

sum

  1. say

Slovene[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

súm

  1. suspicion, mistrust

Declension[уреди]


Vurës[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

sum

  1. to drink