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# sum

Такође погледајте: Sum, súm, šum, и -sum

suma

## Енглески

ен+нг=енг

### Изговор

• (UK, US) enPR: sŭm, МФА(кључ): /sʌm/
•  Audio (US): (file)
• Риме: -ʌm

### Етимологија 1

Од Средњи Енглески summe, од Стари Француски summe, од Латински summa, feminine of summus (highest).

#### Именица

sum (plural sums)

1. A quantity obtained by addition or aggregation.
The sum of 3 and 4 is 7.
• (Can we date this quote?) Bible, Numbers i. 2
Take ye the sum of all the congregation.
2. (often plural) An arithmetic computation, especially one posed to a student as an exercise (not necessarily limited to addition).
We're learning about division, and the sums are tricky.
3. A quantity of money.
a tidy sum
the sum of forty pounds
• (Can we date this quote?) Bible, Acts xxii. 28
With a great sum obtained I this freedom.
4. A summary; the principal points or thoughts when viewed together; the amount; the substance; compendium.
This is the sum of all the evidence in the case.
This is the sum and substance of his objections.
5. A central idea or point.
6. The utmost degree.
• (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought / My story to the sum of earthly bliss.
7. (obsolete) An old English measure of corn equal to the quarter.
• 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, page 207:
The sum is also used for the quarter, and the strike for the bushel.
##### Повезани термини
Terms etymologically related to sum
##### Преводи
Преводе у наставку треба проверити и уметнути изнад у одговарајуће табеле превода. Видите инструкције на Викиречник:Унос § Преводи.

#### Глагол

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• 2005, Plato, Sophist. Translation by Lesley Brown. 250b.
when you say that stability and change are, it's because you're summing them up together as embraced by it, and taking note of the communion each of them has with being.
2. To give a summary of.

### Етимологија 2

Som (currency) on Wikipedia

Borrowed from Kazakh сом (som), Kyrgyz сом (som), Uyghur سوم (som), и Uzbek soʻm, all of which have the core signification “pure”, used in elliptical reference to historical coins of pure gold.

#### Именица

sum (plural sums)

1. The basic unit of money in Kyrgyzstan.
2. The basic unit of money in Uzbekistan.

### Етимологија 3

Eye dialect spelling of some.

#### Заменица

sum

1. Eye dialect spelling of some.

## Aromanian

### Etymology

From Латински subtus, from sub. Compare Румунски sub.

sum

1. under

sum

sum

sum

1. like, as
2. when, as

### Честица

sum (relative particle)

1. that, who, which

## Gothic

### Romanization

sum

1. Romanization of 𐍃𐌿𐌼

### Изговор

sum

1. inflection of sumur (some):
Ég þekkti sum barnanna.I knew some of the children.

## Kavalan

sum

1. urine

### Етимологија

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.

The present stem is from Proto-Italic *ezom, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésmi (I am, I exist). Cognates include Антички Грчки εἰμί (eimí), Санскрт अस्मि (ásmi), Стари Енглески eom (Енглески am). The perfect stem is from Proto-Italic *(fe)fūai, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰúHt (to become, be) (whence also fīō (to become, to be made), and future and imperfect inflections -bō, -bam).

### Глагол

sum

1. to be, exist, have [+dative]
• Heauton Timorumenos (“The Self-Tormentor”) by Publius Terentius Afer
Homo sum, humani nihil a me alienum puto.
I am a man, I consider nothing that is human alien to me.
• René Descartes
Cogito, ergo sum.
I think, therefore I am.
• 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations (Latin text and English translations here)
O di immortales, ubinam gentium sumus? Quam rem publicam habemus? In qua urbe vivimus?.
O ye immortal gods, where on earth are we? What is the government we have? In what city do we live?
• 121 CE, Suetonius, De vita Caesarum ("About the Life of the Caesars", commonly referred to as "The Twelve Caesars")
Alea iacta est.
The die is cast.
• 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Exodus.20.12:
Honora patrem tuum et matrem tuam, ut sis longaevus super terram, quam Dominus Deus tuus dabit tibi.
Honour thy father and thy mother, that thou mayest be longlived upon the land which the Lord thy God will give thee.
Civis romanus sum.I am a Roman citizen.
Sum sine regno.I am without a kingdom.
Dixit duas res ei rubori fuisse.He said that two things had abashed him.
Mihi est multum tempus.I have a lot of time. (lit. A lot of time is to me.)
2. (Medieval Latin, in the past tense) to go
• Ad quod castrum vincendum Pisani fuerunt cum quinquaginta navibus, plattis et schafis, etc,
They went to conquer Pisanius' castle with fifty boats, engines, siege weapons, etc.

#### Коњугација

Conjugation of sum (highly irregular, suppletive, no supine stem except in the future active participle, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sum es est sumus estis sunt
imperfect eram erās erat erāmus erātis erant
future erō eris,
ere
erit erimus eritis erunt
perfect fuī fuistī fuit fuimus fuistis fuērunt,
fuēre
pluperfect fueram fuerās fuerat fuerāmus fuerātis fuerant
future perfect fuerō fueris fuerit fuerimus fueritis fuerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sim sīs sit sīmus sītis sint
imperfect essem,
forem
essēs,
forēs
esset,
foret
essēmus,
forēmus
essētis,
forētis
essent,
forent
perfect fuerim fuerīs fuerit fuerīmus fuerītis fuerint
pluperfect fuissem fuissēs fuisset fuissēmus fuissētis fuissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present es este
future estō estō estōte suntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives esse fuisse ,
fore
participles futūrus

#### Даље читање

• sum¹”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
• sum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
• 1 sum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, pages 1,511–1,512
• Carl Meissner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.Lua грешка in Модул:R:M&A at line 62: attempt to index field '?' (a nil value).
• sum in D. P. Simpson, Cassell's Latin Dictionary, Wiley Publishing, 1968
• sum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)

## Norwegian Bokmål

### Etymology 1

From Латински summa

#### Noun

sum m (definite singular summen, indefinite plural summer, definite plural summene)

1. a sum (addition or aggregation)
Hva er summen av 2+2?
What's the sum of 2+2?
2. a sum (amount of money)

### Etymology 2

From the verb summe

#### Noun

sum n (definite singular summet)

1. buzz (continuous noise)

## Norwegian Nynorsk

### Etymology 1

From Латински summa

#### Noun

sum m (definite singular summen, indefinite plural summar, definite plural summane)

1. a sum (addition or aggregation)
Kva er summen av 2+2?
What's the sum of 2+2?
2. a sum (amount of money)

### Etymology 2

From the verb summe

#### Noun

sum n (definite singular summet)

1. buzz (continuous noise)

### Etymology 3

#### Noun

sum n (definite singular sumet, indefinite plural sum, definite plural suma)

1. an act of swimming
Dei la på sum utover mot holmen.
They started swimming towards the holm.

### Etymology 4

#### Pronoun

sum m (feminine sum, neuter sumt, plural sume)

1. form removed with the spelling reform of 2012; superseded by som

## Old English

### Etymology

From Пра-Германски *sumaz, whence also Old High German sum, Old Norse sumr.

sum

1. some

## Old Saxon

### Etymology

From Пра-Германски *sumaz, whence also Old English sum, Old Norse sumr

### Pronoun

sum n

1. some

#### Descendants

• Middle Low German: som
• Low German: sum

### Именица

sum m anim

1. European catfish

sum f pl

### Даље читање

• sum in Polish dictionaries at PWN

sum

1. say

## Slovene

### Noun

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1. suspicion, mistrust

sum

1. to drink