大人

Пређи на навигацију Пређи на претрагу

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


Etymology 1

 
big; great; huge
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(大人)
alternative forms 大儂大侬 Min Nan

Pronunciation


Noun

大人

  1. adult; grown-up
    萬聖節裝扮不是大人專利那些糖果小孩裝扮可以十分出色 [MSC, trad.]
    万圣节装扮不是大人专利那些糖果小孩装扮可以十分出色 [MSC, simp.]
    Wànshèngjié zhuāngbàn bùshì dàrén de zhuānlì, nàxiē pāi mén tǎo tángguǒ de xiǎohái zhuāngbàn yě kěyǐ shífēn chūsè! [Pinyin]
    Halloween costumes are not just for adults - the costumes of children who ask for candy can also be extraordinary!
Synonyms

Lua грешка: bad argument #1 to 'match' (string expected, got nil).

Antonyms

Lua грешка: bad argument #1 to 'match' (string expected, got nil).

Etymology 2

 
big; great; huge
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(大人)
alternative forms 大儂大侬 Teochew

Reborrowed from Јапански 大人 (taijin) for the historical Min Nan sense.

Pronunciation


Noun

大人

  1. (archaic) person of high rank Галицијски
  2. (honorific) Your Excellency; His Excellency Галицијски
    法官大人  ―  fǎguān dàrén  ―  Your Honour
  3. (Taiwanese Hokkien, dated or regional) sir Галицијски
  4. (Xiamen and Quanzhou Hokkien, religion) paper person, used as a scapegoat
Synonyms
Antonyms
Derived terms

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (大人):

References


Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


Etymology 1

Kanji за овај терм
おとな
Степен: 1 Степен: 1
jukujikun

From late Стари Јапански, more specifically Early Middle Japanese,[1] hypothesized from Proto-Japonic *ətəna. Appears in sources from the Heian period. Derivation unknown. Possibly related to obsolete verb おとなう (otonau, to visit someone; to make a sound, to speak aloud).

Alternative forms

  • 乙名 (only for the "leader" senses)

Pronunciation

Noun

大人(おとな) (otona

  1. an adult, a grown-up
    大人(おとな)(へ)の(かい)(だん)のぼる
    otona (e) no kaidan o noboru
    to ascend the staircase of (/towards) [being an] adult: to mature
    • 2010 децембар 8, Sorachi, Hideaki, “だいさんびゃくじゅうくん あることはさんある [Lesson 322: Twice, Thrice That There Are]”, in ぎんたま [Silver Soul], volume 37 (fiction), Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
      まずはこのローションをかぶってだな
      Mazu wa kono rōshon o kabutte da na
      First we slap on some lotion
      ちょっと()てぇぇぇ‼ それどこの大人(おとな)のプールぅ⁉
      Chotto matēē‼ Sore doko no otona no pūrū⁉
      Hold o-o-o-on!! Are you tryna turn this place into an adult pool!?
  2. (uncommon, possibly archaic) a leader:
    1. an elder of a group or community
    2. in the late Muromachi period, the representative of a village or guild
    3. the head lady-in-waiting
    4. one's wife
    5. in the Edo period, a kind of civil servant working in Nagasaki
    6. the head servant

Adjective

大人(おとな) (otona-na (adnominal 大人(おとな) (otona na), adverbial 大人(おとな) (otona ni))

  1. mature; grown-up
    大人(おとな)(かん)(みせ)
    otona na kanji no o-mise
    shop that has a mature atmosphere
    大人(おとな)(たい)(おう)
    otona na taiō
    mature response to the situation
  2. adult; sexual

Etymology 2

Kanji за овај терм
うし
Степен: 1 Степен: 1
jukujikun

From Стари Јапански.[1] Appears in the Nihon Shoki, completed in 720 CE. Derivation unknown.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

大人(うし) (ushi

  1. (honorific) a lord, a landowner
  2. an honorific form of reference for a scholar or teacher, or one's own father
  3. an honorific form of reference for the addressee

Etymology 3

Kanji за овај терм
たい
Степен: 1
じん
Степен: 1
on’yomi

From Средњи Кинески 大人 (dɑiH ȵʑjen, literally big, great + person). Compare modern Кантонски reading daai6 jan4, Мин Нан tāi-jîn.

The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation

Noun

(たい)(じん) (taijin

  1. a large person
  2. a giant
  3. an adult
  4. a person of high rank, a ruler or noble
  5. an honorific form of reference for a scholar or teacher, or one's own parent
  6. a daimyo
Synonyms

Etymology 4

Kanji за овај терм
だい
Степен: 1
にん
Степен: 1
on’yomi

From Средњи Кинески 大人 (dɑiH ȵiɪn, literally big, great + person). Compare modern Хака reading thai-ngìn.

The goon reading, so likely an earlier borrowing.

Pronunciation

Noun

(だい)(にん) (dainin

  1. an adult, a grown-up
  2. (Buddhism) the Buddhas and bodhisattvas

References

  1. 1,0 1,1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 2,3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3,0 3,1 3,2 3,3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски


Hanja in this term

Noun

大人 (daein) (hangeul 대인)

  1. Hanja form? of 대인 (adult).

Okinawan

Kanji in this term
うふ
Grade: 1
っちゅ
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Etymology 1

From (ufu-, big) +‎ (tchu, person).

Pronunciation

Noun

大人 (hiragana うふっちゅ, rōmaji ufutchu)

  1. adult

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

Hypothesized from Proto-Ryukyuan *otona, from Proto-Japonic *ətəna. Cognate with Јапански 大人 (otona).

Pronunciation

Noun

大人 (hiragana うとぅな, rōmaji utuna)

  1. (literary) adult

References


Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Вијетнамски


Hán tự in this word

Noun

大人

  1. Hán tự form of đại nhân, “noble man”