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中国

Такође погледајте: 中國

Кинески


За изговор и дефиниције од – види 中國.
(Овај терм, 中国, је једноставни облик од 中國.)

Јапански


Etymology 1

Јапански Wikipedia has an article on:
Википедија ja
Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
こく > ごく
Grade: 2
on'yomi
Alternative spelling
中國 (kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese 中國 (MC ʈɨuŋ, literally “central country”). Compare modern Cantonese 中國 (zung1 gwok3). Attested from at least the 12th century.[1]

This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Where the "China" sense first attested in a Japanese document?”

Proper noun

(ちゅう)(ごく) (Chūgoku

  1. China
    1. (historical or contemporary) any of several kingdoms, empires, or states of the Chinese people
      Hyponyms: (In), (Shū), (Shin), (Kan), (), 中華民国 (Chūka Minkoku)
      • c. 1120, Konjaku monogatari shū [Tales of Times Now Past], scroll 6:
        (つく)(まつ)れる(すがた)()るに、(ちゅう)(ごく)には()()ず、(めん)[めう]()(こく)()たり。
        Tsukuri matsureru sugata o miru ni, Chūgoku ni wa fu-nizu, men[meu] kokoku ni nitari.
        Judging from the appearance [of the statue], it is not unlike those in China, though the face resembles the northern nations.
    2. (especially in contemporary usage) short for 中華人民共和国 (Chūka Jinmin Kyōwakoku), the People's Republic of China
Derived terms
Related terms

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
こく > ごく
Grade: 2
on'yomi
Alternative spelling
中國 (kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese 中國 (MC ʈɨuŋ). Шаблон:rfv-etym

Analyzable as a compound of (chū, center, middle) +‎ (koku, province). The koku changes to goku as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation

  • () ちゅうごく [chúꜜùgòkù] (Atamadaka – [1])[2]
  • () ちゅうごく [chùúgókú] (Heiban – [0])[3]
  • IPA(кључ): [t͡ɕɨᵝːɡo̞kɯ̟ᵝ]
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

(ちゅう)(ごく) (chūgoku

  1. the central part of a country, historically, commonly known as the capital city or the main region, where an emperor or other ruler resides
  2. something within a country
  3. (historical) under the 律令 (Ritsuryō) system, a province of the third rank according to a four-rank system based on population and area
  4. (historical) under the 律令 (Ritsuryō) system, a province of the second rank according to the distance from the capital city
  5. collective term for the 山陽道 (San'yōdō) and 山陰道 (San'indō) regions of Japan
Derived terms

Proper noun

(ちゅう)(ごく) (Chūgoku

  1. Short for 中国地方 (Chūgoku chihō): the Chūgoku region of Japan

Etymology 3

Kanji in this term
なか
Grade: 1
くに
Grade: 2
kun'yomi
Alternative spelling
中國 (kyūjitai)

From (naka, center, middle) +‎ (kuni, country).

Proper noun

(なか)(くに) (Nakakuni

  1. A презиме​.

See also

References

  1. Shōgaku Tosho (1988) ja:国語大辞典(新装版)<t:Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)>, w:Tōkyō: w:Shogakukan, →ISBN 9784095010021
  2. 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  3. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Грешка у скрипти: Не постоји модул „attention”.

Zhuang

Proper noun

中国

  1. Sawndip form of Cunghgoz