country

Пређи на навигацију Пређи на претрагу

English language.svg Енглески

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Средњи Енглески contre, contree, contreie, from Стари Француски contree, from Vulgar Latin (terra) contrāta ((land) lying opposite; (land) spread before), derived from Латински contra (against, opposite). Cognate with Шкотски kintra.

Pronunciation

Noun

country (plural countrys)

  1. (chiefly British) An area of land; a district, region. [from 13th c.]
    • 2010, David Vann, The Observer, 7 Mar 2010:
      We walk along flat, open country, red dirt and spinifex grass, a few short trees [].
  2. A set region of land having particular human occupation or agreed limits, especially inhabited by members of the same race, speakers of the same language etc., or associated with a given person, occupation, species etc. [from 13th c.]
    • 2007, Chris Moss, The Guardian, 17 Feb 2007:
      This is condor country – the only region this far east where you can see the magnificent vulture – and a small national park straddling the passes, El Condorito, is a good stopover for walkers and birders.
  3. The territory of a nation, especially an independent nation state or formerly independent nation; a political entity asserting ultimate authority over a geographical area; a sovereign state. [from 14th c.]
    • 1935, George Goodchild, chapter 5, in Death on the Centre Court:
      By one o'clock the place was choc-a-bloc. [] The restaurant was packed, and the promenade between the two main courts and the subsidiary courts was thronged with healthy-looking youngish people, drawn to the Mecca of tennis from all parts of the country.
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, page 3:
      It is a beautiful country of rolling hills, fertile valleys, and a thousand rivers and streams which keep the landscape green even in winter.
    • 2010, The Economist, 3 Feb 2011:
      These days corporate Germany looks rather different. Volkswagen, the country’s leading carmaker, wants to be the world’s biggest by 2018.
    • 2013 јун 22, “T time”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8841, strana 68:
      The ability to shift profits to low-tax countries by locating intellectual property in them, which is then licensed to related businesses in high-tax countries, is often assumed to be the preserve of high-tech companies.
  4. (uncountable, usually preceded by “the”) A rural area, as opposed to a town or city; the countryside. [from 16th c.]
    • Шаблон:RQ:Montaigne Florio Essayes
    • 2000, Alexander Chancellor, The Guardian, 4 Mar.:
      I have always thought that one of the main reasons for the popularity of blood sports in the country is the pointlessness of going outdoors with no purpose or destination in mind.
  5. Ellipsis of country music. [from 20th c.]
    a country song
    a country singer
    a country festival
  6. (mining) The rock through which a vein runs.

Usage notes

The geographical sense of "country" usually refers to a sovereign state, that is, a nation with no administrative dependence on another one, which is the definition adopted in most world maps. In a broader sense, however, "country" may also refer to nations with some degree of autonomy and cultural identity but still under the sovereignty of another state. Examples of the latter include Scotland, Tibet, Abkhazia, and Greenland.

Hyponyms

Hyponyms of country (noun)

Derived terms

Terms derived from country (noun)

Descendants

  • Nigerian Pidgin: kontri
  • Sranan Tongo: kondre
  • Ток Писин: kantri
  • Кинески: 港腳 (gǎngjiǎo)
  • Фински: country, kantri
  • Француски: country
  • Италијански: country
  • Јапански: カントリー (kantorī)
  • Пољски: country
  • Португалски: country
  • Румунски: country
  • Руски: ка́нтри (kántri)
  • Шпански: country
  • Шведски: country

Translations

See also

Adjective

country (not comparable)

  1. From or in the countryside or connected with it.
  2. Of or connected to country music.

Translations

References

  • country at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • Шаблон:R:Keywords 21st
  • "country" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 81.
  • country in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Finnish

Alternative forms

Etymology

Unadapted borrowing од Енглески country.

Pronunciation

Шаблон:fi-pronunciation

Noun

country

  1. country music

Declension

Inflection of country (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative country
genitive countryn
partitive countrya
illative countryyn
singular plural
nominative country
accusative nom. country
gen. countryn
genitive countryn
partitive countrya
inessive countryssa
elative countrysta
illative countryyn
adessive countrylla
ablative countrylta
allative countrylle
essive countryna
translative countryksi
instructive
abessive countrytta
comitative
Possessive forms of country (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person countryni countrymme
2nd person countrysi countrynne
3rd person countrynsa

Synonyms


French

Etymology

From Енглески. Дублети of contrée.

Pronunciation

Noun

country m (uncountable)

  1. country music

Italian language.svg Италијански

Etymology

From Енглески.

Pronunciation

Noun

country m (plural #)

  1. (music) country music

References



Polish

Пољски Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија pl

Etymology

Позајмљено од Енглески country music.

Pronunciation

Noun

country n (indeclinable)

  1. country, country music

Derived terms

adjectives

Further reading

  • country in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • country in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese language.png Португалски

Etymology

Borrowed from Енглески country.

The pronunciation reflects the incorrect belief that the <oun> represents /aʊn/ in the English etymon.

Pronunciation

Noun

country m (uncountable)

  1. country music

Romanian

Etymology

Unadapted borrowing од Енглески country.

Adjective

Шаблон:ro-adj

  1. country Галицијски

Declension

Шаблон:ro-decl-adj


Spanish language.svg Шпански

Etymology

Енглески. Дублети of contrada.

Pronunciation

МФА(кључ): /ˈkantɾi/, [ˈkãn̪t̪ɾi]

Noun

country m (uncountable)

  1. country music

Further reading


Swedish

Etymology

From Енглески

Noun

country c (uncountable)

  1. country music

Declension

Шаблон:sv-noun-unc-irreg-c