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-al

Такође погледајте: Додатак:Варијанте од "al"

Енглески

Етимологија 1

Од Латински adjective suffix -ālis, или French, Middle French и Old French -el, -al. Likely, the aforementioned Latin suffix is formed from Etruscan genitive suffix -l (as in Etruscan ati (mother) / atial (mother's)) + adjectival suffix -is (as in fortis, dēbilis, etc.).

Алтернативни облици

Изговор

Суфикс

-al

  1. Of or pertaining to. Adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
    base + ‎-al → ‎basal
    cranium + ‎-al → ‎cranial
  2. Forming nouns, especially of verbal action.
    propose + ‎-al → ‎proposal
    deny + ‎-al → ‎denial
Корисне белешке

If the root word contains l, the variant -ar is often used instead (e.g. solar, lunar, columnar, lumbar). Sometimes both forms are found: linear, lineal. One also sees -ial, as in manorial.

As nominalizer, some verbs have two corresponding nouns, one ending in -al and the other in -tion/-sion (more common suffix), with one or the other being more common, sometimes with different nuances. Notable examples: disposition/disposal (dispose), proposition/proposal (propose), submission/submittal (submit), transmission/transmittal (transmit). Some superficial pairs are actually of different origin, notably reversion/reversal (revert/reverse, not both from reverse).

Изведени термини

Видите такође

Etymology 2

Extracted from the word aldehyde.

Pronunciation

Suffix

-al

  1. (organic chemistry) Forms the names of aldehydes.
Translations

Anagrams


Abenaki

Suffix

-al

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of inanimate words.
    pessimen (currant)pessimenal (currants)
    wôbigen (it is white)wôbigenal (they are white)

Usage notes

  • -al is the most common suffix used to form the plurals of inanimate words, including most body parts and some words ending in the vowel a.
  • See the usage notes at -ak.

Catalan

Etymology

From Lua грешка in Модул:etymology at line 156: Латински (la) is not set as an ancestor of Catalan (ca) in Модул:languages/data/2. The ancestor of Catalan is Old Catalan (roa-oca)...

Pronunciation

  • Lua грешка in Модул:IPA at line 94: Must now supply a table of arguments to format_IPA_full(); first argument should be that table, not a language object.

Suffix

Lua грешка in Модул:ca-headword at line 93: Parameter "suff" is not used by this template..

  1. In adjectives, indicating relation.
    estructura (structure)estructural (structural).

Derived terms

Категорија Catalan termм suffixed with -al није пронађена

Danish

Suffix

Шаблон:da-suffix

  1. (organic chemistry) -al

Dutch

Pronunciation

Suffix

-al

  1. (organic chemistry) -al

Synonyms

Derived terms

Категорија Холандски termм suffixed with -al није пронађена

Esperanto

Suffix

-al

  1. for [...] reason (ending for correlatives of reason)

Derived terms

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French

Etymology

From Middle French, from Стари Француски -al, borrowed from Латински -ālis. Cognate to French -el, which is also from Latin -ālis but inherited (not borrowed).

Pronunciation

Suffix

-al

  1. -al (of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also)

Derived terms

Категорија Француски termм suffixed with -al није пронађена

German

Etymology

Borrowed from Латински -ālis.

Pronunciation

Suffix

Шаблон:de-suffix

  1. pertaining to, using; adjectival suffix appended to nouns

Derived terms

Категорија Немачки termм suffixed with -al није пронађена

Hungarian

Etymology

-a- + Африканс

Pronunciation

Suffix

-al

  1. (verb-forming suffix) Added to a noun to form a verb.
    szárny (a wing)szárnyal (to soar)
  2. (noun-forming suffix) Added to a verb to form a noun (no longer productive in this role).
    von (to pull)vonal (line)

Usage notes

Шаблон:U:hu:verb-l

  • (noun-forming suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -al is added to back vowel words
    -el is added to front vowel words

Derived terms

Категорија Мађарски verbм suffixed with -al није пронађена
Категорија Мађарски nounм suffixed with -al није пронађена

See also


Lepontic

Suffix

-al

  1. Шаблон:xlp-romanization of

Manx

Alternative forms

Suffix 1

Etymology 1

Extracted from goaill.

Шаблон:gv-suffix

  1. suffix used to form verbal nouns

Suffix 2

Etymology 2

Extracted from goaill.

Шаблон:gv-suffix

  1. suffix used productively to form denominative verbs and their associated verbal nouns
    yiarn (iron) + ‎-al → ‎yiarnal (to iron)
    post (post) + ‎-al → ‎postal (to post)

Suffix 3

Etymology 3

From Middle Irish -amail (compare Ирски -úil, Scottish Gaelic -ail, -eil), from Old Irish -amail.

Шаблон:gv-suffix

  1. An adjectival suffix applied to various words, usually nouns, to make an adjective.

See also


Norman

Etymology

From Стари Француски -al, from Латински -ālis.

Suffix

-al

  1. -al (of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form)

Derived terms

Категорија Norman termм suffixed with -al није пронађена

Novial

Suffix

Lua грешка in Модул:headword at line 632: Entries in Novial must be placed in the Appendix: namespace.

  1. Short form of -ali.

Usage notes

  • Remove the last vowel (except 'u') of the given noun before appending this suffix to it.

Old French

Alternative forms

Etymology

Borrowed from Латински -ālis. Compare the inherited -el.

Suffix

-al

  1. suffix used to form adjectives from nouns
    mesnaldomestic; household (from mesnee)

Descendants

  • Middle French: -al

Polish

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *-aljь.

Pronunciation

Suffix

-al m

  1. Forms masculine nouns.

Declension

Animate/personal:

Inanimate:

Surnames:

Derived terms

Категорија Пољски termм suffixed with -al није пронађена

Portuguese

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Galician-Portuguese -al, from Латински -ālis.

Suffix

-al (plural -ais)

  1. appended to noun X, forms adjectives meaning “of or pertaining to X”
    abismo (abyss) + ‎-al → ‎abismal (abyssal; abysmal)
    indústria (factory; industry) + ‎-al → ‎industrial (industrial)
  2. forms synonyms of adjectives containing the suffix -ico
    angélico (angelic) + ‎-al → ‎angelical (angelical)
  3. appended to noun X, forms nouns meaning “a collection X” or “a large quantity of X”
    ninho (nest) + ‎-al → ‎ninhal (a bunch of nests)
    edito (edict) + ‎-al → ‎edital (notice board)
  4. appended to noun X, forms nouns meaning “a place where there is plenty of X”
    pedra (rock) + ‎-al → ‎pedregal (a rocky field)
    colmeia (beehive) + ‎-al → ‎colmeal (a place with many beehives)
  5. appended to the name of a plant, forms nouns meaning “a field where that plant is cultivated”
    trigo (wheat) + ‎-al → ‎trigal (wheatfield)
    sobreiro (cork oak) + ‎-al → ‎sobreiral (an orchard of cork oaks)
Synonyms

Etymology 2

From the first syllable of álcool (alcohol) and aldeído (aldehyde).

Suffix

-al m

  1. (chemistry) forms the names of alcohols
  2. (chemistry) forms the names of aldehydes

Spanish

Etymology

From Латински -ālis.

Suffix

Шаблон:es-suffix

  1. In adjectives, indicating relation
    cultura (culture) + ‎-al → ‎cultural (cultural).
  2. In nouns, indicating a place where something is grown
    maíz (corn) + ‎-al → ‎maizal (corn field)
    naranja (orange) + ‎-al → ‎naranjal (orange grove)

Synonyms

  • (indicating a place): -ar

Derived terms

Категорија Шпански termм suffixed with -al није пронађена

Further reading


Swedish

Suffix

-al

  1. -al, of or pertaining to; forming an adjective from a noun

Derived terms

Категорија Шведски termм suffixed with -al није пронађена

See also

Упозорење: Подразумевани кључ сврставања „al” мења ранији подразумевани кључ сврставања „AL”.