-al

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Садржај

Енглески[уреди]

Етимологија 1[уреди]

Од Латински adjective suffix -ālis, или French, Middle French и Old French -el, -al. Likely, the aforementioned Latin suffix is formed from Etruscan genitive suffix -l (as in Etruscan ati (mother) / atial (mother's)) + adjectival suffix -is (as in fortis, dēbilis, etc.).

Алтернативни облици[уреди]

Изговор[уреди]

Суфикс[уреди]

-al

  1. Of or pertaining to. Adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
    base + ‎-al → ‎basal
    cranium + ‎-al → ‎cranial
  2. Forming nouns, especially of verbal action.
    propose + ‎-al → ‎proposal
    deny + ‎-al → ‎denial
Корисне белешке[уреди]

If the root word contains l, the variant -ar is often used instead (e.g. solar, lunar, columnar, lumbar). Sometimes both forms are found: linear, lineal. One also sees -ial, as in manorial.

As nominalizer, some verbs have two corresponding nouns, one ending in -al and the other in -tion/-sion (more common suffix), with one or the other being more common, sometimes with different nuances. Notable examples: disposition/disposal (dispose), proposition/proposal (propose), submission/submittal (submit), transmission/transmittal (transmit). Some superficial pairs are actually of different origin, notably reversion/reversal (revert/reverse, not both from reverse).

Изведени термини[уреди]

Видите такође[уреди]

Etymology 2[уреди]

Extracted from the word aldehyde.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Suffix[уреди]

-al

  1. (organic chemistry) Forms the names of aldehydes.
Translations[уреди]

Anagrams[уреди]


Abenaki[уреди]

Suffix[уреди]

-al

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of inanimate words.
    pessimen (currant)pessimenal (currants)
    wôbigen (it is white)wôbigenal (they are white)

Usage notes[уреди]

  • -al is the most common suffix used to form the plurals of inanimate words, including most body parts and some words ending in the vowel a.
  • See the usage notes at -ak.

Catalan[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Латински -ālis.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Suffix[уреди]

-al (masculine and feminine plural -als)

  1. In adjectives, indicating relation.
    estructura (structure)estructural (structural).

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Каталонски речи са наставком -al није пронађена



Danish[уреди]

Suffix[уреди]

Шаблон:da-suffix

  1. (organic chemistry) -al

Dutch[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Suffix[уреди]

-al

  1. (organic chemistry) -al

Synonyms[уреди]

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Холандски речи са наставком -al није пронађена



Esperanto[уреди]

Suffix[уреди]

-al

  1. for [...] reason (ending for correlatives of reason)

Derived terms[уреди]

  • alial (for another reason)
  • ĉial (for every reason)
  • ial (for any/some reason)
  • kial (for what reason, why)
  • nenial (for no reason)
  • tial (for that reason, therefore)

French[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Средњи Француски, from Стари Француски -al, borrowed from Латински -ālis. Cognate to French -el, which is also from Latin -ālis but inherited (not borrowed).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Suffix[уреди]

-al

  1. -al (of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also)

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Француски речи са наставком -al није пронађена



German[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

Borrowed from Латински -ālis.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Suffix[уреди]

Шаблон:de-suffix

  1. pertaining to, using; adjectival suffix appended to nouns

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Немачки речи са наставком -al није пронађена



Hungarian[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

-a- + Африканс

Pronunciation[уреди]

Suffix[уреди]

-al

  1. (verb-forming suffix) Added to a noun to form a verb.
    szárny (a wing)szárnyal (to soar)
  2. (noun-forming suffix) Added to a verb to form a noun (no longer productive in this role).
    von (to pull)vonal (line)

Usage notes[уреди]

Шаблон:U:hu:verb-l

  • (noun-forming suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -al is added to back vowel words
    -el is added to front vowel words

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Мађарски verbи са наставком -al није пронађена
Категорија Мађарски nounи са наставком -al није пронађена


See also[уреди]


Lepontic[уреди]

Suffix[уреди]

-al (-al)

  1. Шаблон:xlp-romanization of

Manx[уреди]

Alternative forms[уреди]

Suffix 1[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

Extracted from goaill.

Шаблон:gv-suffix

  1. suffix used to form verbal nouns

Suffix 2[уреди]

Etymology 2[уреди]

Extracted from goaill.

Шаблон:gv-suffix

  1. suffix used productively to form denominative verbs and their associated verbal nouns
    yiarn (iron) + ‎-al → ‎yiarnal (to iron)
    post (post) + ‎-al → ‎postal (to post)

Suffix 3[уреди]

Etymology 3[уреди]

From Middle Irish -amail (compare Ирски -úil, Шкотски Галски -ail, -eil), from Old Irish -amail.

Шаблон:gv-suffix

  1. An adjectival suffix applied to various words, usually nouns, to make an adjective.

See also[уреди]


Norman[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Стари Француски -al, from Латински -ālis.

Suffix[уреди]

-al

  1. -al (of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form)

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Norman речи са наставком -al није пронађена



Novial[уреди]

Suffix[уреди]

-al

  1. Short form of -ali.

Usage notes[уреди]

  • Remove the last vowel (except 'u') of the given noun before appending this suffix to it.

Old French[уреди]

Alternative forms[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

Borrowed from Латински -ālis. Compare the inherited -el.

Suffix[уреди]

-al

  1. suffix used to form adjectives from nouns
    mesnaldomestic; household
    (from mesnee)

Descendants[уреди]

  • Middle French: -al

Polish[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Прасловенски *-aljь.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Suffix[уреди]

-al m

  1. Forms masculine nouns.

Declension[уреди]

Animate/personal:

Inanimate:

Surnames:

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Пољски речи са наставком -al није пронађена



Portuguese[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Old Portuguese -al, from Латински -ālis.

Suffix[уреди]

-al (plural -ais)

  1. appended to noun X, forms adjectives meaning “of or pertaining to X”
    abismo (abyss) + ‎-al → ‎abismal (abyssal; abysmal)
    indústria (factory; industry) + ‎-al → ‎industrial (industrial)
  2. forms synonyms of adjectives containing the suffix -ico
    angélico (angelic) + ‎-al → ‎angelical (angelical)
  3. appended to noun X, forms nouns meaning “a collection X” or “a large quantity of X”
    ninho (nest) + ‎-al → ‎ninhal (a bunch of nests)
    edito (edict) + ‎-al → ‎edital (notice board)
  4. appended to noun X, forms nouns meaning “a place where there is plenty of X”
    pedra (rock) + ‎-al → ‎pedregal (a rocky field)
    colmeia (beehive) + ‎-al → ‎colmeal (a place with many beehives)
  5. appended to the name of a plant, forms nouns meaning “a field where that plant is cultivated”
    trigo (wheat) + ‎-al → ‎trigal (wheatfield)
    sobreiro (cork oak) + ‎-al → ‎sobreiral (an orchard of cork oaks)
Synonyms[уреди]

Etymology 2[уреди]

From the first syllable of álcool (alcohol) and aldeído (aldehyde).

Suffix[уреди]

-al m

  1. (chemistry) forms the names of alcohols
  2. (chemistry) forms the names of aldehydes

Spanish[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Латински -ālis.

Suffix[уреди]

Шаблон:es-suffix

  1. In adjectives, indicating relation
    cultura (culture) + ‎-al → ‎cultural (cultural).
  2. In nouns, indicating a place where something is grown
    maíz (corn) + ‎-al → ‎maizal (corn field)
    naranja (orange) + ‎-al → ‎naranjal (orange grove)

Synonyms[уреди]

  • (indicating a place): -ar

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Шпански речи са наставком -al није пронађена


Further reading[уреди]


Swedish[уреди]

Suffix[уреди]

-al

  1. -al, of or pertaining to; forming an adjective from a noun

Derived terms[уреди]

Категорија Шведски речи са наставком -al није пронађена


See also[уреди]