beta

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Такође погледајте: Beta, Běta, bêta, béta, bèta, и betą

English language.svg Енглески

Антички Грчки Алфабет

alpha
Greek uc beta.png Greek lc beta.png
gamma
Β β
Ancient Greek: βῆτα
Wikipedia article on beta

Etymology

From Антички Грчки βῆτα (bêta). Дублети of beth.

Pronunciation

Noun

beta (plural betas)

  1. The second letter of the Greek alphabet (Β,  β), preceded by alpha (Α,  α) and followed by gamma, (Γ,  γ). In modern Greek it represents the voiced labiodental fricative sound of v found in the English words have and vase.
  2. Used in marking scheme: α, β, γ or α+, α, α-, β etc.
  3. (finance) Average sensitivity of a security's price to overall securities market prices.
  4. (computing, video games, uncountable) The phase of development after alpha testing and before launch, in which software, while not complete, has been released to potential users for testing.
    The company is offering a public beta program to test the software.
  5. (computing, video games, countable) Software in such a phase; a preliminary version.
    • 2007, Michael Lopp, Managing Humans (page 107)
      He quickly deduced our goal—ship a quality beta—but he also quickly discerned that we had no idea about the quality of the product because of our pile of untriaged bugs.
    • 2015 фебруар 14, Steven Strom, “Evolve Review: Middle of the food chain”, in Ars Technica[1]:
      Before Evolve had even seen its first beta, the game's publisher dipped its toe into presenting it as an eSport.
  6. (climbing) Information about a route which may aid someone in climbing it.
  7. (physics) A beta particle or beta ray.
  8. (aviation) Sideslip angle.
  9. (aviation) The range of engine power settings in which the blade pitch angle of a constant-speed propeller is controlled directly by the angle of the engine's throttle lever (rather than varying with engine torque and airspeed to maintain a constant propeller RPM), allowing the propeller to be disked to generate high drag and slow the aircraft quickly.
  10. Алтернативно спеловање од betta (fish in the genus Betta)
  11. (slang, manosphere, masculism) Ellipsis of beta male., a man who is less competent or desirable than an alpha male.
    • 2006, Catherine Mann, Blaze of Glory, Harlequin (2006), →ISBN, unnumbered page:
      “I guess in your psychological language of alpha males and beta males, I would be firmly in the camp that prefers the more laid-back betas,” she took a deep breath, “like your father.”
    • 2010, L. A. Banks, "Dog Tired (of the Drama!)", in Blood Lite II: Overbite (ed. Kevin J. Anderson), Gallery Books (2010), →ISBN, page 121:
      “They want sexy, virile alpha males, yes? But that doesn't come with sensitive and loyal and all of that. That's a beta. A frickin' collie, Lola. []
    • 2010, Terry Spear, Wolf Fever, Sourcebooks Casablanca (2010), →ISBN, page 24:
      She'd always had a thing for alpha males. Not that she had any intention of being bossed around, even if one had her best interests at heart. Her fascination with alphas was that they were a challenge. Betas didn't hold much of an appeal.
    • 2015, Stephen Jarosek, Tyrants of Matriarchy:
      When they ride the cock carousel in preference to the responsible betas that they find so boring, well, we guess that they pay.
    • 2018, Corey Pein, Live Work Work Work Die[2]:
      News of Harper-Mercer's murder spree, which killed ten, prompted speculation on neoreactionary forums that the long-awaited “beta uprising” of virginal shut-ins had begun. Not quite. But in Charlottesville, Virginia, in August 2017, a large audience of Americans finally saw the real beta uprising in the violent Nazi rally that shut the city down
  12. (fandom slang) In omegaverse fiction, a person of a secondary sex similar to normal humans, lacking the biological drives of alphas and omegas but generally capable of bonding and mating with either.
    • 2013, Kristina Busse, "Pon Farr, Mpreg, Bonds, and the Rise of the Omegaverse", in Fic: Why Fanfiction Is Taking Over the World (ed. Anne Jamison), page 317:
      Many A/B/O stories posit societies where biological imperatives divide people based on wolf pack hierarchies into sexual dominants (alphas), sexual submissives (omegas), and everyone else (betas).
    • 2017, Marianne Gunderson, "What is an omega? Rewriting sex and gender in omegaverse fanfiction", thesis submitted to the University of Oslo, page 99:
      In ASD, the beta also functions as a contrast, as Yuri is assumed to be a beta before his first heat reveals his omega status.
    • 2018, Laura Campillo Arnaiz, "When the Omega Empath Met the Alpha Doctor: An Analysis of Alpha/Beta/Omega Dynamics in the Hannibal Fandom", in The Darker Side of Slash Fan Fiction (ed. Ashton Spacey), page 119:
      Betas are usually second in command to the reigning alpha, and omegas belong to the lowest caste of the social hierarchy.

Coordinate terms

n alpha, gamma, theta

Derived terms

Translations

Adjective

beta (not comparable)

  1. Identifying a molecular position in an organic chemical compound.
  2. Designates the second in an order of precedence.
  3. (computing) Preliminary; prerelease. Refers to an incomplete version of a product released for initial testing.
  4. (of a person, object or action) associated with the beta male/female archetype.

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

beta (third-person singular simple present betas, present participle betaing, simple past and past participle betaed)

  1. (computing) To preliminarily release computer software for initial testing prior to final release.
  2. (chiefly Internet) To beta-read a text.
    • 1999, sqira a., in alt.tv.x-files.creative [3]
      My thanks to Heather; who read it and betaed it. Thank you.
    • 2000, Elizabeth Durack, quoted in Angelina I. Karpovich, “The Audience as Editor: The Role of Beta Readers in Online Fan Fiction Communities” (essay), in Karen Hellekson and Kristina Busse (editors), Fan Fiction and Fan Communities in the Age of the Internet, McFarland (2006), →ISBN, page 180,
      Beta’ing is time-consuming, so asking a lot of people to give you a detailed analysis isn’t the most polite thing to do.
    • 2002, Jane Davitt, in alt.tv.buffy-v-slayer.creative [4]
      The next part is written and beta'd (thanks, Jen!), ready to go but <shuffles feet> I haven't even started what should be the final part yet.
    • 2002, Karmen Ghia, in alt.startrek.creative.erotica.moderated [5]
      I had the honor of betaing this story and as I was doing the first read through I had the odd, but lovely, experience when a story suspends the reader in its own rhythm and flow, its own reality.

Anagrams


Ambonese Malay

Etymology

From Classical Malay بيتا‎(beta, I).

Pronoun

beta

  1. I first-person singular pronoun

Alternative forms

References


Asturian

Etymology

From Антички Грчки βῆτα (bêta).

Noun

beta f (plural betes)

  1. beta (Greek letter)

Catalan

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Антички Грчки βῆτα (bêta).

Noun

beta f (plural betes)

  1. beta; the Greek letter Β (lowercase β).

Etymology 2

From Occitan beta.

Noun

beta f (plural betes)

  1. boat; specifically a small, flat-bottom boat common to the coasts of Provence and Languedoc.

Further reading


Czech

Etymology

From Антички Грчки βῆτα (bêta).

Noun

beta n

  1. beta (Greek letter)

Faroese

Etymology

From Антички Грчки βῆτα (bêta), ultimately from Пра-Семитски *bayt- (house).

Pronunciation

Noun

beta n (genitive singular beta, plural betu)

  1. beta (Greek letter)

Declension

Declension of beta
n1 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative beta betað betu, betur betuni
accusative beta betað betu, betur betuni
dative beta betanum betum betunum
genitive beta betans betna betnanna

Derived terms


Galician

Etymology

From Антички Грчки βῆτα (bêta).

Noun

beta m (plural betas)

  1. beta (Greek letter)

Icelandic

Noun

beta n (genitive singular alfa, no plural)

  1. beta (Greek letter)

Declension

Шаблон:is-decl-noun-n-w


Italian language.svg Италијански

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Италијански Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија it

From Латински bēta, from Антички Грчки βῆτα (bêta).

Noun

beta f (plural #)

  1. The name of the Greek script letter Β/β; beta
  2. (computing) beta (software version)
Derived terms
Related terms

Etymology 2

From Латински bēta (beet), from Celtic.

Noun

beta f (plural bete)

  1. Alternative form of bieta; beet

Anagrams


Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


Romanization

beta

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ベタ

Latin.jpg Латински

Etymology 1

Said by some sources to be of Celtic origin,[1][2] but no obvious Celtic cognates exist. Also compared are blitum (spinach), meta (conic heap of stones) (compared to the root's spindle form), and less likely, sense 2, with the seed vessel resembling the letter.

Noun

beta

  1. A beet.
Declension

First declension..

Case Singular Plural
Nominative bēta bētae
Genitive bētae bētārum
Dative bētae bētīs
Accusative bētam bētās
Ablative bētā bētīs
Vocative bēta bētae
Descendants
  • Каталонски: bleda (partially), bleda-rave
  • Дански: bede
  • Естонски: peet
  • Средњи Холандски: bete
    • Холандски: biete
  • Стари Енглески: bēte
    • Енглески: beet

Etymology 2

From Антички Грчки βῆτα (bêta).

Noun

beta

  1. The Greek letter beta.

References

  • beta in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • beta in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • beta in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Шаблон:R:es:Roberts:2014
  • Berti-Pichat (1866)
  • Baxter (1837)
  • Poiret (1827)
  • von Lippmann (1925)
  • Geschwind & Sellier (1902)
  • Pabst (1887)
  • Becker-Dillengen (1928)
  • Biancardi, Panella & Lewellen (2011): Beta maritima: The Origin of Beets
  1. Шаблон:R:OED
  2. beet” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2022.

Malay

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Court Malay, Beta.

Pronoun

Шаблон:ms-pronoun

  1. (royal) I, me, my (exclusive use in royalty, subject is either king or queen)
See also

Etymology 2

From Антички Грчки βῆτα (bêta).

Noun

beta (Jawi spelling بيتا‎)

  1. beta (second letter of the Greek alphabet)

Old Irish

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Verb

beta

  1. third-person plural present subjunctive relative of is

Polish

Пољски Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија pl

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Позајмљено од Антички Грчки βῆτα (bêta), from Phoenician 𐤁‬(b‬ /bēt/).

Noun

beta f

  1. beta Галицијски

Declension

Derived terms

nouns

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun

beta m inan

  1. genitive/accusative singular of bet

Further reading

  • beta in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • beta in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese language.png Португалски

Etymology 1

From Латински beta, from Антички Грчки βῆτα (bêta).

Noun

beta f (plural betas)

  1. beta (all senses)

Etymology 2

Noun

beta f (plural betas)

  1. beet (plant)

Romanian

Etymology

From Француски bêta.

Noun

beta m (plural beta)

  1. beta (Greek letter)

Declension

Шаблон:ro-noun-m


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Антички Грчки βῆτα (bêta).

Pronunciation

Noun

bȅta f (Ћирилица правопис бе̏та)

  1. beta, the Greek letter, Β, β

Declension


Slovak

Etymology

From Антички Грчки βῆτα (bêta).

Pronunciation

Noun

beta f (genitive singular bety, nominative plural bety, genitive plural biet, declension pattern of žena) OR
beta n

  1. beta (Greek letter)

Usage notes

When used in the neuter gender, the word is not declined.

Declension

References

  • beta in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Spanish language.svg Шпански

Etymology

From Антички Грчки βῆτα (bêta) ultimately from Пра-Семитски *bayt- (house).

Pronunciation

МФА(кључ): /ˈbeta/, [ˈbet̪a]

Noun

beta f (plural betas)

  1. beta; the Greek letter Β, β

Derived terms

Further reading


Swedish

Etymology 1

Латински bēta, from Антички Грчки βῆτα (bêta).

Noun

beta n or c

  1. beta; the Greek letter Β, β
  2. (computing) a beta version of a program
  3. (slang) short for minnesbeta
Declension
Declension of beta 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative beta betat beta betan
Genitive betas betats betas betans
Declension of beta 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative beta betan betor betorna
Genitive betas betans betors betornas

Verb

Шаблон:sv-verb-reg

  1. to test software prior to release
Conjugation


Etymology 2

Ultimately from Латински bēta (beet).

Noun

beta c

  1. beetroot
Declension
Declension of beta 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative beta betan betor betorna
Genitive betas betans betors betornas

Etymology 3

bete +‎ -a

Verb

Шаблон:sv-verb-reg

  1. to graze; to eat grass; to feed on growing herbage.
Conjugation


See also

Etymology 4

Clipping of betaga; be- +‎ ta.

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg Ово entry недостаје етимолошких информација. Ако сте упознати са пореклом овог израза, додајте га на страницу etymology instructions. Такође можете да разговарате о томе Етимолошки текстови.

Pronunciation

Verb

Шаблон:sv-verb-irr

  1. to steal
Conjugation

Шаблон:sv-conj-st Шаблон:sv-conj-st