dialect

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Енглески[уреди]

Етимологија[уреди]

From Средњи Француски dialecte, from Латински dialectos, dialectus, from Антички Грчки διάλεκτος (diálektos, conversation, the language of a country or a place or a nation, the local idiom which derives from a dominant language), from διαλέγομαι (dialégomai, I participate in a dialogue), from διά (diá, inter, through) + λέγω (légō, I speak).

Изговор[уреди]

  • МФА(кључ): /ˈdaɪ.ə.ˌlɛkt/
  • (file)

Именица[уреди]

dialect (plural dialects)

  1. (лингвистика) A variety of a language that is characteristic of a particular area, community, or group, often differing from other varieties of the same language in minor ways as regards vocabulary, style, spelling and pronunciation.
  2. (pejorative) Language that is perceived as substandard or wrong.
  3. A language (often a regional or minority language) as part of a group or family of languages, especially if they are viewed as a single language, or if contrasted with a standardized variety that is considered the 'true' form of the language (for example, Cantonese as contrasted with Mandarin Chinese, or Bavarian as contrasted with German).
    Synonym: patois (often derogatory)
  4. (computing, програмирање) A variant of a non-standardized programming language.
    Home computers in the 1980s had many incompatible dialects of BASIC.
  5. (ornithology) A variant form of the vocalizations of a bird species restricted to a certain area or population.

Usage notes[уреди]

  • The difference between a language and a dialect is not always clear, and often has more to do with political boundaries than with linguistic differences. It is generally considered that people who speak different dialects of the same language can understand each other, while people who speak different languages cannot, however, in some cases, people who speak different dialects of the same language are mutually unintelligible. Compare species in the biological sense.

Derived terms[уреди]

Related terms[уреди]

Translations[уреди]

See also[уреди]

Further reading[уреди]

  • "dialect" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 105.

Anagrams[уреди]


Dutch[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Средњи Француски dialecte, from Латински dialectos, dialectus, from Антички Грчки διάλεκτος (diálektos, conversation, the language of a country or a place or a nation, the local idiom which derives from a dominant language), from διαλέγομαι (dialégomai, I participate in a dialogue), from διά (diá, inter, through) + λέγω (légō, I speak).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

dialect n (plural dialecten, diminutive dialectje n)

  1. dialect
    Synonyms: streektaal, mondaard
  2. A dialect of a language perceived as substandard or wrong.

Anagrams[уреди]


Romanian[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Француски dialecte.

Noun[уреди]

dialect n (plural dialecte)

  1. (linguistics) language socially subordinate to a regional or national standard language, often historically cognate to the standard, but not a variety of it or in any other sense derived from it
  2. (colloquial) dialect

See also[уреди]