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U+8336, 茶
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8336

[U+8335]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8337]
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U+F9FE, 茶
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9FE

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Редослед писања
9 потеза

Хан карактери

(Kangxi radical 140, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿人木 (TOD), четири-угла 44904, composition𠆢(GV) or ⿳𠆢(HTJK))

Референце

  • KangXi: page 1029, карактер 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 30915
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 1488, карактер 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 5, страна 3207, карактер 2
  • Unihan data за U+8336

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


trad.
simp. #
alternative forms 𣘻
𦯬
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin

Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic .

originates as a graphical modification of archaic (“bitter plant”), used for “tea” in classical sources.

Етимологија

As tea may have originated from Sichuan, where the native Yi people speak Loloish languages, Sagart (1999) suggests that the Old Chinese item was possibly originally borrowed from Proto-Loloish *la¹ (tea), from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-la (leaf; tea). Schuessler (2007) traces its ultimate origin to Proto-Austroasiatic *sla (leaf) (compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *slaʔ).

Alternatively, Qiu (1988) suggests that it might be a semantic extension of (“bitter plant”).

Изговор


Нота:
  • tê/têe - vernacular;
  • tâ, chhâ - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Дефиниције

    1. tea (plant, leaves)
      /   ―  zhòng chá  ―  to grow tea
    2. tea (beverage made by infusing tea leaves in hot water)
      / 绿  ―  chá  ―  green tea
        ―  chá  ―  to make tea
        ―  yī bēi chá  ―  a cup of tea
    3. certain kinds of beverage or liquid food
      /   ―  liángchá  ―  Chinese herb tea
      冬瓜  ―  dōngguāchá  ―  winter melon punch
      杏仁  ―  xìngrénchá  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
    4. Chinese medicine
      午時 / 午时  ―  wǔshíchá  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
    5. yum cha
        ―  zǎochá  ―  morning yum cha
      [Cantonese, trad.]
      [Cantonese, simp.]
      heoi3 caa4 lau4 jam2 caan1 caa4 [Jyutping]
      to go yumcha at a dim sum restaurant
    6. (obsolete) a moment (the time it takes to drink a cup of tea)
    7. (dialectal Mandarin, Cantonese, Gan, Xiang, Wu) boiled or boiling water
    8. A презиме​..

    Синоними

    Једињења

    Претходници

    Референце


    Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


    Kanji

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. tea

    Readings

    Једињења

    Etymology

    Јапански Википедија има чланак на:
    Википедија ja
    (cha): a cup of tea.
    Kanji за овај терм
    ちゃ
    Степен: 2
    kan’yōon

    From various dialects of Средњи Кинески . Compare modern Мандарин reading chá, Хака chhà, Кантонски caa4.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (ちゃ) (cha

    1. tea (not used in isolation in modern Japanese)
    2. brown

    Usage notes

    This term is not used on its own in modern Japanese. For the tea sense, this is used either with the honorific prefix (o-), or in a compound such as 茎茶 (kukicha, literally stem tea) or 緑茶 (ryokucha, green tea).

    • (ちゃ)はいかがですか。
      Ocha wa ikaga desuka.
      How about some tea? (Would you like some tea?)

    For the brown sense, this is used with the color suffix (-iro), as in 茶色 (chairo, brown, literally tea color).

    Synonyms

    Descendants

    • Ainu: チャ (ca)
    • Nivkh: ча (ț’a)

    See also

    References

    1. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски


    Etymology 1

    From Early Mandarin Шаблон:cmn-ear-l. Compare modern Мандарин reading chá, Хака chhà, Кантонски caa4.

    Pronunciation

    Hanja

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (cha cha))

    1. Hanja form? of (tea).

    Usage notes

    This reading is used as a standalone word to mean "tea."

    Compounds

    Etymology 2

    From Средњи Кинески .

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 (Yale: ttà)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] (Yale: chà) (Yale: )

    Pronunciation

    Hanja

    (eumhun (cha da))

    1. (only in compounds) Hanja form? of (tea).
    2. (only in compounds) Hanja form? of (brown).

    Compounds

    References

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Вијетнамски


    Han character

    : Hán Việt readings: trà-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn;tvctdhv;hvttd;tchvtd
    : Nôm readings: trà-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn, chè-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn, chà-tdcndg, sà-tdcndg, già-tdcndg;tdcntd, chòe-tdcndg;tdcntd/choè-tdcndg;tdcntd

    1. Hán tự form of trà, “tea
    2. Шаблон:nom form of

    References



    (кинески)

    Изговор:

    пинјин: chá  
    Аудио: Loudspeaker.svg(датотека)
    Шаблон:zh-cir

    Радикал:

    140

    Значења:

    1. чај

    Примери:

    1. 请你给我倒杯茶。Молим те додај ми шољу чаја.
    2. 茶太酽。Чај је прејак.


    Хомофони:

    • - испитати, истражити, консултовати

    Tibetanski:
    Шведски:te

    ХСК ниво:

    • 1


    Референце

    Pleco