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U+77F3, 石
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-77F3

[U+77F2]
ЦЈК јединствени идеограми
[U+77F4]
U+2F6F, ⽯
KANGXI RADICAL STONE

[U+2F6E]
Канџи радикали
[U+2F70]

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5 потеза
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石-order.gif

Han character

(Kangxi radical 112, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一口 (MR), четири-угла 10600, composition)

  1. Кангци радикал #112, .

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 827, карактер 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: карактер 24024
  • Dae Jaweon: страна 1239, карактер 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: том 4, страна 2416, карактер 1
  • Unihan data за U+77F3

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Кинески


simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Историјски облици карактера
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
石-oracle.svg 石-silk.svg 石-seal.svg 石-bigseal.svg
Знакови у истом фонетском низу () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Стари Кинески

Pictogram (象形): a stone beneath a cliff (). The cliff was subsequently distorted into .

Alternatively, a cave set into the side of a cliff or mountain.

Etymology 1

Unknown. Probably related to Proto-Vietic *l-taːʔ (stone) (whence Вијетнамски đá) and Khmer ដា (daa, rock; stone) (Schuessler, 2007), to which Chinese would have added the familiar final -k.

Pronunciation


Нота:
  • siŏh - vernacular;
  • sĭk - literary.
  • Мин Нан
  • Нота:
    • chio̍h - vernacular (incl. surname);
    • siā/sia̍h - vernacular (limited, e.g. 石榴, 石硯, 石石 (siā-chio̍h));
    • se̍k/si̍t/se̍t/sia̍k - literary.
    • (Teochew)
      • Peng'im: ziêh8 / zioh8 / sig8 / sêg8 / siêh8 / sioh8
      • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: tsie̍h / tsio̍h / si̍k / se̍k / sie̍h / sio̍h
      • Sinological IPA (key): /t͡sieʔ⁴/, /t͡sioʔ⁴/, /sik̚⁴/, /sek̚⁴/, /sieʔ⁴/, /sioʔ⁴/
    Нота:
    • ziêh8 - vernacular (incl. surname) (Chaozhou);
    • zioh8 - vernacular (incl. surname) (Shantou, Jieyang, Chaoyang);
    • sig8 - literary (Chaozhou);
    • sêg8 - literary (Jieyang);
    • siêh8 - only in 石榴 (Chaozhou);
    • sioh8 - only in 石榴 (Shantou, Jieyang, Chaoyang).
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Definitions

    1. stone; rock (Класификатор: 𫩥 c;  c)
    2. A презиме​..
      /   ―  Shí Yáng  ―  Shih Yang (a pirate leader who terrorized the China Seas during the early 19th century)
    Synonyms

    Compounds

    Descendants

    Sino-Xenic ():

    (Others)

    • Tocharian B: cāk

    Etymology 2

    From (dàn) (Qiu, 1988).

    Pronunciation


    Definitions

    1. a unit of dry measure for grain (equal to 100 liters)

    Compounds


    Flag of Japan.svg Јапански


    Kanji

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings

    Compounds

    Etymology 1

    Kanji за овај терм
    いし
    Степен: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨isi⟩/iɕi/

    From Стари Јапански.[1] First cited in the Man'yōshū of 759. In turn, the Стари Јапански is reconstructed as from Proto-Japonic *esi.

    Likely cognate with (iso, pebble; gravel; rocky beach).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (いし) (ishi

    1. a stone
      • 1999 март 27, “ストーン・アルマジラー [Stone Armadiller]”, in Vol.2, Konami:
        (からだ)(いし)のように(かた)()(おお)われており、(まも)りがかたい。
        Karada ga ishi no yō ni katai ke de ōwareteori, mamori ga katai.
        With a body covered in a coat as hard as stones, its defense is solid.
    2. (slang, electronics) a transistor
    Derived terms

    Etymology 2

    Kanji за овај терм
    こく
    Степен: 1
    kan’yōon

    From Средњи Кинески .

    The spelling came about through customary use in Japan of this character for the unit of measure.[1]

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (こく) (koku

    1. a traditional Japanese unit of volume:
      1. for grains of rice; one koku is equal to approximately 180 litres
      2. (by extension, historical) for land of famous daimyo or samurai; one koku is also approximately 180 litres
      3. for 和船 (wasen); one koku is equal to 10 cubic shaku or approximately 0.278 cubic metres
    2. a unit of quantity for (sake, salmon) and (masu, trout); one koku is equal to 40 salmon or 60 trout
    Derived terms
    Descendants
    • Енглески: koku

    Etymology 3

    Kanji за овај терм
    せき
    Степен: 1
    kan’on

    From Средњи Кинески .

    Pronunciation

    Counter

    (せき) (-seki

    1. counter for gemstones used as bearings in watches and other devices
    2. (slang, electronics) counter for transistors, especially discrete ones
      (ろく)(せき)ラジオ
      rokuseki rajio
      six-transistor radio

    Noun

    (せき) (seki

    1. Same as こく (koku) above

    Affix

    (せき) (seki

    1. stone
    2. needle made of stone
    3. go stone
    4. something solid but worthless
    5. Short for 石見 (Iwami-no-kuni): Iwami Province

    References

    1. 1,0 1,1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2,0 2,1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Hangugeo-Chosonmal.png Корејски


    Etymology

    From Средњи Кинески .

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 쎡〮 (Yale: ssyék)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] 돌〯 (Yale: twǒl) 셕〮 (Yale: syék)

    Pronunciation

    Hanja

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (dol seok))

    1. Hanja form? of (stone).

    Compounds

    References

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Kunigami

    Kanji

    Etymology

    Cognate with Јапански (ishi).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana しー, romaji shī)

    1. stone

    Miyako

    Kanji

    Etymology

    Cognate with Јапански (ishi).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana いす, romaji isu)

    1. stone

    References


    Okinawan

    Kanji

    Etymology

    Cognate with Јапански (ishi).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana いし, romaji ishi)

    1. stone

    References


    Old Japanese

    Etymology

    Cognate with (iso1, pebble; gravel; rocky beach).

    Noun

    (isi) (kana いし)

    1. a stone
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 5, poem 869), text here
        多良志比賣可尾能美許等能奈都良須等美多多志世利斯伊志遠多礼美吉
        tarasi pi1me1 kami2 no2 mi1ko2to2 no2 na turasu to2 mi1-tatasi serisi isi wo tare miki1
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)
        [Note: Another version replaces na turasu to2 with 阿由都流等 (ayu turu to2, catching sweetfishes)

    Derived terms

    Descendants

    • Јапански: (ishi)

    Natively Vietnamese-speaking areas.png Вијетнамски


    Han character

    : Hán Việt readings: thạch-tdcndg;tdcntd;gdhn, đán-gdhn
    : Nôm readings: thạch-tdcndg;tdcntd, sạch-tdcndg

    1. Hán tự form of thạch, “stone

    References



    Yaeyama

    Kanji

    Etymology

    Cognate with Јапански (ishi).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana いしぃ, romaji isï)

    1. stone

    Yonaguni

    Kanji

    Etymology

    Cognate with Јапански (ishi).

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    (hiragana いち, romaji ichi)

    1. stone

    References