open

Пређи на навигацију Пређи на претрагу

English[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески open, from Стари Енглески open (open), from Пра-Германски *upanaz (open), from Пра-Индо-Европски *upo (up from under, over). Cognate with Шкотски apen (open), Saterland Frisian eepen (open), Западни Фризијски iepen (open), Холандски open (open), Low German open, apen (open), Немачки offen (open), Дански åben (open), Шведски öppen (open), Norwegian Bokmål åpen (open), Norwegian Nynorsk open (open), Исландски opinn (open). Compare also Латински supinus (on one's back, supine), Албански hap (to open). Related to up.

Adjective[уреди]

open (comparative more open, superlative most open)

  1. (not comparable) Not closed; accessible; unimpeded.
    Turn left after the second open door.
    It was as if his body had gone to sleep standing up and with his eyes open.
  2. Not drawn together, closed, or contracted; extended; expanded.
    an open hand; an open flower; an open prospect
  3. (not comparable) Actively conducting or prepared to conduct business.
    Banks are not open on bank holidays.
  4. (comparable) Receptive.
    I am open to new ideas.
    • Шаблон:rfdatek, Acts xix. 33
      If Demetrius [] have a matter against any man, the law is open and there are deputies.
    • Шаблон:rfdatek
      The service that I truly did his life, / Hath left me open to all injuries.
  5. (not comparable) Public
    He published an open letter to the governor on a full page of the New York Times.
  6. (not comparable) Candid, ingenuous, not subtle in character.
    The man is an open book.
  7. (mathematics, logic, of a formula) Having a free variable.
  8. (mathematics, topology, of a set) Which is part of a predefined collection of subsets of '"`UNIQ--postMath-00000001-QINU`"', that defines a topological space on '"`UNIQ--postMath-00000002-QINU`"'.
  9. (graph theory, of a walk) Whose first and last vertices are different.
  10. (computing, not comparable, of a file, document, etc.) In current use; mapped to part of memory.
    I couldn't save my changes because another user had the same file open.
  11. (business) Not fulfilled.
    I've got open orders for as many containers of red durum as you can get me.
  12. Not settled or adjusted; not decided or determined; not closed or withdrawn from consideration.
    an open question
    to keep an offer or opportunity open
    your account will remain open until we receive final settlement.
  13. (music, stringed instruments) Of a note, played without pressing the string against the fingerboard.
  14. (music, wind instruments) Of a note, played without closing any finger-hole, key or valve.
  15. Not of a quality to prevent communication, as by closing waterways, blocking roads, etc.; hence, not frosty or inclement; mild; used of the weather or the climate.
    an open winter
  16. (law) (Of correspondence) Written or sent with the intention that it may made public or referred to at any trial, rather than by way of confidential private negotiation for a settlement. (Opposite of "without prejudice")
    You will observe that this is an open letter and we reserve the right to mention it to the judge should the matter come to trial.
  17. (phonetics) Uttered with a relatively wide opening of the articulating organs; said of vowels.
  18. (phonetics) Uttered, as a consonant, with the oral passage simply narrowed without closure.
  19. (phonetics, of a syllable) That ends in a vowel; not having a coda.
  20. (computing) Made public, usable with a free licence.
  21. (medicine) Resulting from an incision, puncture or any other process by which the skin no longer protects an internal part of the body.
Synonyms[уреди]
Antonyms[уреди]
Hyponyms[уреди]

Шаблон:col4

Derived terms[уреди]
Terms derived from open (adjective)
Translations[уреди]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески openen, from Стари Енглески openian (to open), from Пра-Германски *upanōną (to raise; lift; open), from Пра-Германски *upanaz (open, adjective). Cognate with Saterland Frisian eepenje (to open), Западни Фризијски iepenje (to open), Холандски openen (to open), Немачки öffnen (to open), Дански åbne (to open), Шведски öppna (to open), Norwegian Bokmål åpne (to open), Norwegian Nynorsk and Исландски opna (to open). Related to Енглески up.

Verb[уреди]

open (third-person singular simple present opens, present participle opening, simple past and past participle opened)

  1. (transitive) To make something accessible or allow for passage by moving from a shut position.
    Turn the doorknob to open the door.
  2. (transitive) To make (an open space, etc.) by clearing away an obstacle or obstacles, in order to allow for passage, access, or visibility.
    He opened a path through the undergrowth.
  3. (transitive) To bring up, broach.
    I don't want to open that subject.
  4. (transitive) To enter upon, begin.
    to open a discussion
    to open fire upon an enemy
    to open trade, or correspondence
    to open a case in court, or a meeting
  5. (transitive) To spread; to expand into an open or loose position.
    to open a closed fist
    to open matted cotton by separating the fibres
    to open a map, book, or scroll
  6. (transitive) To make accessible to customers or clients.
    I will open the shop an hour early tomorrow.
  7. (transitive) To start (a campaign).
    Vermont will open elk hunting season next week.
  8. (intransitive) To become open.
    The door opened all by itself.
  9. (intransitive) To begin conducting business.
    The shop opens at 9:00.
  10. (intransitive, cricket) To begin a side's innings as one of the first two batsmen.
  11. (intransitive, poker) To bet before any other player has in a particular betting round in a game of poker.
    After the first two players fold, Julie opens for $5.
  12. (transitive, intransitive, poker) To reveal one's hand.
    Jeff opens his hand revealing a straight flush.
  13. (computing, transitive, intransitive, of a file, document, etc.) To load into memory for viewing or editing.
  14. (obsolete) To disclose; to reveal; to interpret; to explain.
Hyponyms[уреди]
  • (to make accessible): crack (open a bit)
Antonyms[уреди]
Derived terms[уреди]

Шаблон:check deprecated lang param usage

Translations[уреди]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 3[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески open (an aperture or opening), from the verb (see Etymology 2 above).

Noun[уреди]

open (plural opens)

  1. A sports event in which anybody can compete; as, the Australian Open.
  2. (electronics) A wire that is broken midway.
    The electrician found the open in the circuit after a few minutes of testing.
  3. (with the) Open or unobstructed space; an exposed location.
    I can't believe you left the lawnmower out in the open when you knew it was going to rain this afternoon!
    Wary of hunters, the fleeing deer kept well out of the open, dodging instead from thicket to thicket.
  4. (with the) Public knowledge or scrutiny; full view.
    We have got to bring this company's corrupt business practices into the open.
Translations[уреди]

Anagrams[уреди]


Afrikaans[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Холандски openen, from Средњи Холандски ōpenen, from Стари Холандски opanon, from Пра-Германски *upanōną.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

open (present open, present participle openende, past participle geopen)

  1. (transitive) to open

Related terms[уреди]


Catalan[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Енглески open.

Noun[уреди]

open m (plural open or òpens)

  1. (sports) open

Dutch[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Средњи Холандски ōpen, from Стари Холандски opan, from Пра-Германски *upanaz.

Adjective[уреди]

open (comparative opener, superlative openst)

  1. open, not closed
    Antonymи: gesloten, dicht, toe
  2. open for business
    Antonymи: gesloten, dicht
  3. open, receptive
    Antonym: gesloten
Inflection[уреди]
Inflection of open
uninflected open
inflected open
comparative opener
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial open opener het openst
het openste
indefinite m./f. sing. open opener openste
n. sing. open opener openste
plural open opener openste
definite open opener openste
partitive opens openers
Derived terms[уреди]
Descendants[уреди]
  • Африкански: oop

Etymology 2[уреди]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[уреди]

open

  1. first-person singular present indicative of openen
  2. imperative of openen

Anagrams[уреди]


Finnish[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

open

  1. Шаблон:infl of

French[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

Borrowed from Енглески open.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

open m (plural opens)

  1. open; open tournament

Further reading[уреди]


Middle Dutch[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Стари Холандски opan, from Пра-Германски *upanaz.

Adjective[уреди]

Шаблон:dum-adj

  1. open, not closed
  2. open, accessible
  3. freely accessible, public

Inflection[уреди]

Овај adjective захтева [[:Категорија:Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found. adjective inflection-table templates|inflection-table template]].

[[Категорија:Захтеви за инфекције у Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Модул:language-like' not found. adjective уносима|OPEN]]

Derived terms[уреди]

Descendants[уреди]

  • Холандски: open
  • Лимбуршки: aop

Further reading[уреди]

  • open”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • open (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle English[уреди]

Alternative forms[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Стари Енглески open, from Пра-Германски *upanaz.

Adjective[уреди]

open (comparative more open, superlative most open)

  1. open
    • 14th c. Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales. General Prologue: 9-11.
      And smale foweles maken melodye,
      That slepen al the nyght with open eye-
      (So priketh hem Nature in hir corages);
      And many little birds make melody
      That sleep through all the night with open eye
      (So Nature pricks them on to ramp and rage)

Related terms[уреди]

Descendants[уреди]


Norwegian Nynorsk[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Old Norse opinn, from Пра-Германски *upanaz. Compare Дански åben, Исландски opinn, Шведски öppen, Холандски open, Low German apen, open, Немачки offen, Западни Фризијски iepen, Енглески open.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Adjective[уреди]

Шаблон:nn-adj-4

  1. open
    Kvifor er døra open?
    Why is the door open?

Related terms[уреди]

See also[уреди]

References[уреди]


Old English[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Пра-Германски *upanaz. Originally a past participle of Пра-Германски *ūpaną (to lift up, open). Akin to Стари Енглески ūp (up). Cognate with Old Frisian open, opin, epen (Западни Фризијски iepen), Old Saxon opan, open (Low German apen, open), Холандски open, Old High German offan, ofan, ophan (Немачки offen), Old Norse opinn (Дански åben, Норвешки open, Шведски öppen).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Adjective[уреди]

Шаблон:ang-adj

  1. open

Declension[уреди]

Шаблон:ang-adecl

Derived terms[уреди]

Descendants[уреди]


Spanish[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Енглески open.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

open m (plural opens or open)

  1. (sports) open