open

Пређи на навигацију Пређи на претрагу

English[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески open, from Стари Енглески open (open), from Пра-Германски *upanaz (open), from Пра-Индо-Европски *upo (up from under, over). Cognate with Шкотски apen (open), Saterland Frisian eepen (open), Западни Фризијски iepen (open), Холандски open (open), Low German open, apen (open)

, Немачки offen (open), Дански åben (open), Шведски öppen (open), Norwegian Bokmål åpen (open), Norwegian Nynorsk open (open), Исландски opinn (open). Compare also Латински supinus (on one's back, supine), Албански hap (to open). Related to up

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Adjective[уреди]

open (comparative more open, superlative most open)

  1. (not comparable) Not closed; accessible; unimpeded.
    • 1908, Kenneth Grahame, The Wind in the Willows, Chapter 2
      The open road, the dusty highway []
    • 2013 јул 20, “The attack of the MOOCs”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
      Since the launch early last year of […] two Silicon Valley start-ups offering free education through MOOCs, massive open online courses, the ivory towers of academia have been shaken to their foundations. University brands built in some cases over centuries have been forced to contemplate the possibility that information technology will rapidly make their existing business model obsolete.
    Turn left after the second open door.
    It was as if his body had gone to sleep standing up and with his eyes open.
  2. Not drawn together, closed, or contracted; extended; expanded.
    an open hand; an open flower; an open prospect
  3. (not comparable) Actively conducting or prepared to conduct business.
    Banks are not open on bank holidays.
  4. (comparable) Receptive.
    I am open to new ideas.
    • Шаблон:rfdatek, Acts xix. 33
      If Demetrius [] have a matter against any man, the law is open and there are deputies.
    • Шаблон:rfdatek
      The service that I truly did his life, / Hath left me open to all injuries.
  5. (not comparable) Public
    He published an open letter to the governor on a full page of the New York Times.
  6. (not comparable) Candid, ingenuous, not subtle in character.
    The man is an open book.
  7. (mathematics, logic, of a formula) Having a free variable.
  8. (mathematics, topology, of a set) Which is part of a predefined collection of subsets of , that defines a topological space on .
  9. (graph theory, of a walk) Whose first and last vertices are different.
  10. (computing, not comparable, of a file, document, etc.) In current use; mapped to part of memory.
    I couldn't save my changes because another user had the same file open.
  11. (business) Not fulfilled.
    I've got open orders for as many containers of red durum as you can get me.
  12. Not settled or adjusted; not decided or determined; not closed or withdrawn from consideration.
    an open question
    to keep an offer or opportunity open
    your account will remain open until we receive final settlement.
  13. (music, stringed instruments) Of a note, played without pressing the string against the fingerboard.
  14. (music, wind instruments) Of a note, played without closing any finger-hole, key or valve.
  15. Not of a quality to prevent communication, as by closing waterways, blocking roads, etc.; hence, not frosty or inclement; mild; used of the weather or the climate.
    an open winter
  16. (law) (Of correspondence) Written or sent with the intention that it may made public or referred to at any trial, rather than by way of confidential private negotiation for a settlement. (Opposite of "without prejudice")
    You will observe that this is an open letter and we reserve the right to mention it to the judge should the matter come to trial.
  17. (phonetics) Uttered with a relatively wide opening of the articulating organs; said of vowels.
    • 1959, Anthony Burgess, Beds in the East (The Malayan Trilogy), published 1972, strana 421:
      "Supposing somebody sees you, with all those flowers too? Supposing somebody writes him a letter? Ooooh!" (a pure round open Tamil O.)
  18. (phonetics) Uttered, as a consonant, with the oral passage simply narrowed without closure.
  19. (phonetics, of a syllable) That ends in a vowel; not having a coda.
  20. (computing) Made public, usable with a free licence.
  21. (medicine) Resulting from an incision, puncture or any other process by which the skin no longer protects an internal part of the body.
Synonyms[уреди]