religion

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Такође погледајте: Religion и religión

English language.svg Енглески

Symbols of various religions
Ra, God of the Sun in Ancient Egyptian religion

Алтернативни облици

Етимологија

Од Средњи Енглески religioun, од Стари Француски religion, од Латински religiō (scrupulousness, pious misgivings, superstition, conscientiousness, sanctity, an object of veneration, cult-observance, reverence). Most likely from the Пра-Индо-Европски *h₂leg- with the meanings preserved in Latin dīligere and legere (“to read repeatedly”, “to have something solely in mind”).

Изговор

Именица

religion (countable and uncountable, plural religions)

  1. (uncountable) Belief in a spiritual or metaphysical reality (often including at least one deity), accompanied by practices or rituals pertaining to the belief.
    Синоним: faith
    My brother tends to value religion, but my sister not as much.
    • 1902, William James, The Varieties of Religious Experience, Lecture 2:
      Most books on the philosophy of religion try to begin with a precise definition of what its essence consists of. ... I shall not be pedantic enough to enumerate any of them to you now. Meanwhile the very fact that they are so many and so different from one another is enough to prove that the word “religion” cannot stand for any single principle or essence, but is rather a collective name.
    • 1936, Rollo Ahmed, The Black Art, London: Long, strana 160:
      Phallicism was, therefore, at the root of all religion, and was definitely the opponent of evil and darkness.
    • 1981, William Irwin Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light: Mythology, Sexuality and the Origins of Culture, London: Rider/Hutchinson & Co., strana 103:
      Religion is not identical with spirituality; rather, religion is the form spirituality takes in a civilization; it is not so much the opiate of the masses as it is the antidote for the poisons of civilization.
  2. (countable) A particular system of such belief, and the rituals and practices proper to it.
    Синоним: faith
    Hypernym: belief system
    • 1722, William Wollaston, “Sect. V. Truths relating to the Deity. Of his exiſtence, perfection, providence, &c.”, in The Religion of Nature Delineated[1], strana 81:
      Ignorant and ſuperſtitious wretches meaſure the actions of letterd and philoſophical men by the tattle of their nurſes or illiterate parents and companions, or by the faſhion of the country : and people of differing religions judge and condemn each other by their own tenents ; when both of them cannot be in the right, and it is well if either of them are.
    • 1989 February 10, Stephen Fry & al., "Christening" A Bit of Fry and Laurie, Season 1, Episode 5:
      Priest: I wasn't being rude.
      Father: Just bear in mind that there are plenty of other religions you know. Some of them, I may say, offering much greater range and value.
    Islam is a major religion, particularly in North Africa and Southwest Asia.
    Mormonism is a new religion, while Zoroastrianism is an old one.
  3. (uncountable) The way of life committed to by monks and nuns.
    The monk entered religion when he was 20 years of age.
  4. (uncountable, informal) Rituals and actions associated with religious beliefs, but considered apart from them.
    Синоним: (pejorative) superstition
    I think some Christians would love Jesus more if they weren't so stuck in religion.
    Jack's spiritual, but he's not really into religion.
  5. (countable) Any practice to which someone or some group is seriously devoted.
    At this point, Star Trek has really become a religion.
    • 1985, Joan Morrison, Share House Blues, Boolarong Publications, strana 97:
      'Religion can't exist without mystery, especially science, the newest religion.'
  6. (uncountable, obsolete) Faithfulness to a given principle; conscientiousness. [16th-17th c.]Шаблон:tracking/defdate/hyphen

Корисне белешке

  • Some prefer a definition of religion that includes only theistic groups, viewing non-theistic religions as merely philosophical systems.

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Повезани термини

Преводи

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Глагол

religion (third-person singular simple present religions, present participle religioning, simple past and past participle religioned)

  1. Engage in religious practice.
    • 1978, Military Chaplains' Review, strana 70:
      On the scales below, circle the one ( + ) or (-) number which best represents your situation on both the belief and practice dimensions for each of the traditional and nontraditional forms of religioning.
    • 2013, Monica R. Miller, Religion and Hip Hop, →ISBN, strana 74:
      A similar caution is made by Nye when he calls for a re-evaluation of the category of religion in relationship to theory and method, suggesting that this category: be reconstructed in terms of practice theory as religious practice or religioning.
    • 2015, Alexander Horstmann & Jin-Heon Jung, Building Noah’s Ark for Migrants, Refugees, and Religious Communities, →ISBN, strana 13:
      Religious practice and action (“religioning”) can be liberating, and can connect displaced people with the spirits of home.
  2. Indoctrinate into a specific religion.
    • 1890, John R. Kelso, Deity analyzed: In six lectures - Page 37
      To men whose minds are thus religioned, tied back to gods that never advance, there can never be any such word as progress
    • 2007, Janette Oke, A Bride for Donnigan, →ISBN, strana 225:
      “What do you do, Donnigan? Spend all yer time religioning yer young?”
  3. To make sacred or symbolic; sanctify.
    • 1994, Timothy Morton, Shelley and the Revolution in Taste, →ISBN, strana 238:
      The discussion of diet and health raises the question of the importance of discussing vegetarianism in relation to the contemporary religioning of health; as Ross remarks, 'health has replaced sexuality as the new privileged discourse of bodily truth and inner essence'.
    • 2011, Andrew O'Shea, Pedagogy, Oppression and Transformation in a 'Post-Critical' Climate, p 116
      The ideas expressed above challenge us to continuously rupture and interrupt racialized, classed, gendered, religioned and sexualized norms that inhere between and within institutions, understandings of bodies and our Selves.
    • 2013, Andrew Kam-Tuck Yip & Stephen Hunt, The Ashgate Research Companion to Contemporary Religion and Sexuality, →ISBN:
      If queer Jews, Muslims and Christians are engaged in queering their religions, they are also engaged in what might becalled 'religioning' the queer.

Види и

References

Anagrams


Danish

Pronunciation

Noun

religion c (singular definite religionen, plural indefinite religioner)

  1. religion

Declension

Further reading


Flag of Esperanto.svg Есперанто

Noun

religion

  1. accusative singular of religio

Map-Francophone World.svg Француски

Etymology

From Средњи Француски religion, from Стари Француски religion, borrowed from Латински religio, religionem.

Pronunciation

  • МФА(кључ): /ʁə.li.ʒjɔ̃/
  • Hyphenation: re‧li‧gion
  • (file)

Noun

religion f (plural religions)

  1. religion
    Синонимs: foi, culte, dévotion

Derived terms

See also

Further reading


Interlingua

Noun

religion (plural religiones)

  1. religion (system of belief, customs, etc.)

Ladin

Etymology

Borrowed from Латински religio, religionem.

Noun

religion m (plural [please provide])

  1. religion

Middle French

Etymology

From Стари Француски religion.

Noun

religion f (plural religions)

  1. religion

Descendants

  • Француски: religion

Norwegian Bokmål

Норвешки Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија no

Noun

religion m (definite singular religionen, indefinite plural religioner, definite plural religionene)

  1. religion

Synonyms

Derived terms

Related terms


Norwegian Nynorsk

Norwegian Nynorsk Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија nn

Noun

religion m (definite singular religionen, indefinite plural religionar, definite plural religionane)

  1. religion

Derived terms


Old French

Alternative forms

Etymology

Позајмљено од Латински religiō.

Noun

religion f (oblique plural religions, nominative singular religion, nominative plural religions)

  1. religion

Related terms

Descendants


Papiamentu

Noun

religion

  1. religion

Piedmontese

Pronunciation

Noun

religion f

  1. religion

Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

religion c

  1. religion

Declension

Declension of religion 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative religion religionen religioner religionerna
Genitive religions religionens religioners religionernas

Related terms

See also