sinus

Пређи на навигацију Пређи на претрагу
Такође погледајте: Sinus и sinüs

English language.svg Енглески

Etymology

Научене позајмице од Латински sinus (a bent surface, curve, hollow). Шаблон:dbt.

Pronunciation

Noun

sinus (plural sinuss)

  1. (anatomy, zootomy) A pouch or cavity in a bone or other tissue, especially one in the bones of the face or skull connecting with the nasal cavities Галицијски.
    Hyponyms: ethmoid sinus, frontal sinus, maxillary sinus, paranasal sinus, piriform sinus, Rokitansky-Aschoff sinus, sphenoid sinus
  2. (anatomy) An irregular venous or lymphatic cavity, reservoir, or dilated vessel.
    Hyponyms: carotid sinus, cavernous sinus, coronary sinus, lateral sinus, petrosal sinus, sagittal sinus, sigmoid sinus, straight sinus, transverse sinus, venous sinus
    1. (physiology, attributive) Relating to or denoting the sinoatrial node of the heart or its function of regulating the heartbeat.
  3. (pathology) An abnormal cavity or passage such as a fistula, leading from a deep-seated infection and discharging pus to the surface.
  4. (ботаника) A rounded notch or depression between two lobes or teeth in the margin of a leaf or petal.
  5. (geography) A bay of the sea; a recess in the shore.
  6. (тригонометрија) Synonym of sine.
    • 1884 новембар 29, “Aerial Navigation”, in Scientific American: A Weekly Journal of Practical Information, Art, Science, Mechanics, Chemistry, and Manufactures, volume LI, number 22, New York, N.Y.: Munn & Co., translation of original by Victor Tatin in La Nature, strana 342, column 1:
      So, in the helicopteron, as the helix is at the same time a sustaining plane, it should be likened to a surface moving horizontally, and in which, consequenty, the resistance to motion will be to the lifting power as the sinus is to the cosinus of the angle formed by such plane with the horizon.
    • 1996, Pentti Zetterberg; Matti Eronen; Markus Lindholm, Heinrich Spiecker, Kari Mielikäinen, Michael Köhl, and Jens Peter Skovsgaard, editors, Growth Trends in European Forests (European Forest Institute Research Report; No. 5), Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, →ISBN, strana 15:
      The variations are described in terms of cycles of sinuses and cosinuses.
    • 2007, Vladimir G. Ivancevic; Tijana T. Ivancevic, “Introduction: Human and Computational Mind”, in Computational Mind: A Complex Dynamics Perspective (Studies in Computational Intelligence; 60), Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, →ISBN, LCCN 2007925682, section 1 (Natural Intelligence and Human Mind), strane 60–61:
      Basically, the rotation of the matrix of the factor loadings L represents its post-multiplication, i.e. L* = LO by the rotation matrix O, which itself resembles one of the matrices included in the classical rotational Lie groups SO(m) (containing the specific m–fold combination of sinuses and cosinuses.

Derived terms

Translations

References

Anagrams


Catalan

Etymology

Научене позајмице од Латински sinus.

Pronunciation

Noun

sinus m (plural sinus)

  1. sine

Derived terms

See also

Further reading


Czech

Etymology

Научене позајмице од Латински sinus.

Pronunciation

Noun

sinus m inan

  1. (trigonometry) sine
  2. (anatomy) sinus

Declension

Related terms

Further reading

  • sinus in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • sinus in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • Шаблон:R:ASCS

Danish

Noun

sinus c (singular definite sinussen, plural indefinite sinusser)

  1. (geometry) sine

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: si‧nus

Etymology 1

Холандски Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија nl

Научене позајмице од Латински sinus.

Noun

sinus m (plural sinussen, diminutive sinusje n)

  1. (trigonometry) sine
Descendants
  • Индонезијски: sinus
  • Papiamentu: sinùs

Etymology 2

Научене позајмице од Латински sinus.

Noun

sinus m (plural sinussen, diminutive sinusje n)

  1. sinus
Descendants
  • Индонезијски: sinus

Map-Francophone World.svg Француски

Etymology

Научене позајмице од Латински sinus. Шаблон:dbt.

Pronunciation

Noun

sinus m (plural sinus)

  1. (anatomy) sinus
  2. (trigonometry) sine

See also

Further reading


Indonesian

Индонезијски Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија id

Etymology

Позајмљено од Холандски sinus, from Латински sinus.

Pronunciation

Noun

sinus

  1. sinus:
    1. (anatomy) a pouch or cavity in a bone or other tissue, especially one in the bones of the face or skull connecting with the nasal cavities (the paranasal sinus).
    2. (pathology) an abnormal cavity or passage such as a fistula, leading from a deep-seated infection and discharging pus to the surface.
  2. (trigonometry) sine: in a right triangle, the ratio of the length of the side opposite an angle to the length of the hypotenuse.

Derived terms

Further reading


Latin.jpg Латински

Etymology 1

From Пра-Индо-Европски *sinos; akin to Албански gji (breast, bosom).[1]

The mathematical sense ‘chord of an arc, sine’ was introduced in the 12th century by Gherardo of Cremona as a Script error: The function "semantic_loan" does not exist. (ultimately a loan from Санскрт ज्या (jyā, bowstring)) by confusion with جَيْب(jayb, bosom, fold in a garment).

Pronunciation

Noun

sinus

  1. (chiefly poetic) a bent surface; a curve, fold, hollow
  2. (literally) the hanging fold of a toga over the breast; a pocket, lap
    Синоним: gremium
    1. (transferred sense)
      1. a purse, money, which was carried in the bosom of the toga
      2. (poetic) a garment
        • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 4.431-432:
          ‘comitēs, accēdite’ dīxit
          ‘et mēcum plēnōs flōrē refertē sinūs.’
          ‘‘Come, my companions,’’ she said,
          ‘‘and with me you all [can] carry back flowers, filling the folds of your garments.’’

          (Persephone and her attendants wander away from the protection of her mother Ceres and the other matrons prior to Persephone’s abduction.)
      3. the bosom, breast
        Синоним: pectus
    2. (figuratively)
      1. the bosom for love, protection, asylum
      2. the interior, inmost part of a thing
      3. a power, possession of someone
      4. a hiding place, place of concealment; a secret feeling
  3. a gulf, bay, bight
    1. the land lying on or a point of land that helps to form a gulf
    2. a basin, hollow, valley
    3. (Medieval Latin) a fjord
  4. (Medieval Latin, mathematics) the chord of an arc; a sine
Quote-alpha.png This entry needs наводи to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!
Quotations

Aeneid (Publius Vergilius Maro) Line 160-161 Latin: quibus omnis ab alto frangitus inque sinus scindit sese unda reductos English: on which all the waves from the deep are broken and it splits itself into receeding ripples

Inflection

Fourth declension..

Case Singular Plural
Nominative sinus sinūs
Genitive sinūs sinuum
Dative sinuī sinibus
Accusative sinum sinūs
Ablative sinū sinibus
Vocative sinus sinūs
Derived terms
Descendants

Etymology 2

From Пра-Индо-Европски *sh₁ih₂sno-, deverbative of *seh₁y- ‘to sift, strain’ (compare Антички Грчки ἠθέω (ēthéō), Литвански sijóti, Српско-Хрватски sȉjati).[2]

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

sinus

  1. a large round drinking vessel with swelling sides, shaped like a bowl
Quote-alpha.png This entry needs наводи to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!
Inflection

Second declension..

Case Singular Plural
Nominative sīnus sīnī
Genitive sīnī sīnōrum
Dative sīnō sīnīs
Accusative sīnum sīnōs
Ablative sīnō sīnīs
Vocative sīne sīnī

References

  • sinus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sinum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sinus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sinus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • sinus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the heart of the city: sinus urbis (Sall. Cat. 52. 35)
    • the city is situate on a bay: urbs in sinu sita est
    • to rejoice in secret: in sinu gaudere (Tusc. 3. 21. 51)
    • to love and make a bosom friend of a person: aliquem in sinu gestare (aliquis est in sinu alicuius) (Ter. Ad. 4. 5. 75)
    • (ambiguous) to be driven into the arms of philosophy: in sinum philosophiae compelli
  • sinus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sinus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  1. Michiel de Vaan (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages, Leiden: Brill, page 567
  2. Douglas Q. Adams (1997), “Sieve”, in J. P. Mallory; Douglas Q. Adams, editors, Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, page 518

Northern Sami

Pronunciation

Phonetik.svg This entry информације о изговору. Ако сте упознати са IPA онда молим Вас додајте нешто!

Noun

sinus

  1. locative singular of sitnu

Norwegian Bokmål

Норвешки Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија no

Etymology

Научене позајмице од Латински sinus.

Noun

sinus m (definite singular sinusen, indefinite plural sinuser, definite plural sinusene)

  1. (trigonometry) sine
  2. (anatomy) sinus

Related terms

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

Научене позајмице од Латински sinus.

Noun

sinus m (definite singular sinusen, indefinite plural sinusar, definite plural sinusane)

  1. (trigonometry) sine
  2. (anatomy) sinus

Related terms

References


Polish

Pronunciation

Noun

sinus m inan

  1. sine

Declension

Derived terms

Further reading

  • sinus in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • sinus in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian

Etymology

Позајмљено од Француски sinus, from Латински sinus.

Noun

sinus n (plural sinusuri)

  1. sine Галицијски

Veps

Pronoun

sinus

  1. inessive of sinä