sap

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Такође погледајте: SAP, sáp, sắp, sæp, s.ap., -sap, Sap., и sāp

English[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

  • МФА(кључ): /sæp/
  • (file)
  • Риме: -æp

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Средњи Енглески sap, from Стари Енглески sæp (juice, sap), from Пра-Германски *sapą (sap, juice) (compare Холандски sap, Немачки Saft, Исландски safi), from Пра-Индо-Европски *sab-, *sap- (to taste) (compare Велшки syb-wydd (fir), Латински sapa (must, new wine), Руски со́пли (sópli, snivel), Јерменски համ (ham, juice, taste), Авестански 𐬬𐬌-𐬱𐬁𐬞𐬀(vi-šāpa, having poisonous juices), Санскрт सबर् (sabar, juice, nectar)). More at sage.

Noun[уреди]

sap (countable and uncountable, plural saps)

  1. (uncountable) The juice of plants of any kind, especially the ascending and descending juices or circulating fluid essential to nutrition.
  2. (uncountable) The sapwood, or alburnum, of a tree.
  3. Any juice.
  4. (figuratively) Vitality.
  5. (slang, countable) a naive person; a simpleton
    Synonyms: milksop, saphead
Derived terms[уреди]
Translations[уреди]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[уреди]

sap (third-person singular simple present saps, present participle sapping, simple past and past participle sapped)

  1. (transitive) To drain, suck or absorb from (tree, etc.).
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To exhaust the vitality of.

Etymology 2[уреди]

Probably from sapling.

Noun[уреди]

sap (plural saps)

  1. (countable, US, slang) A short wooden club; a leather-covered hand weapon; a blackjack.

Шаблон:rfi

Translations[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

sap (third-person singular simple present saps, present participle sapping, simple past and past participle sapped)

  1. (transitive, slang) To strike with a sap (with a blackjack).
Translations[уреди]

Etymology 3[уреди]

From Француски saper (compare Spanish zapar and Italian zappare) from sape (sort of scythe), from Рани Латински sappa (sort of mattock).

Noun[уреди]

sap (plural saps)

  1. (military) A narrow ditch or trench made from the foremost parallel toward the glacis or covert way of a besieged place by digging under cover of gabions, etc.
Derived terms[уреди]
Translations[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

sap (third-person singular simple present saps, present participle sapping, simple past and past participle sapped)

  1. (transitive) To subvert by digging or wearing away; to mine; to undermine; to destroy the foundation of.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Dryden
      Nor safe their dwellings were, for sapped by floods, / Their houses fell upon their household gods.
  2. (transitive, military) To pierce with saps.
  3. (transitive) To make unstable or infirm; to unsettle; to weaken.
  4. (transitive) To gradually weaken.
    to sap one’s conscience
  5. (intransitive) To proceed by mining, or by secretly undermining; to execute saps.
Translations[уреди]

Anagrams[уреди]


Aromanian[уреди]

Alternative forms[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Vulgar Latin *sappō, from Латински sappa. Compare Romanian săpa, sap, French saper, Italian zappare, Sicilian zappari, Spanish zapar, Friulian sapâ, Venetian sapar, Latin sappa.

Verb[уреди]

sap (past participle sãpatã)

  1. I dig (with a pick).

Related terms[уреди]

See also[уреди]


Catalan[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

sap

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of saber

Dutch[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Средњи Холандски sap, from Стари Холандски *sap, from Пра-Германски *sapą. Cognate to English sap and German Saft (from Old High German saf).[1]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

sap n (plural sappen, diminutive sapje n)

  1. sap (fluid in plants)
  2. juice
    Hyponyms: aalbessensap, appelsap, citroensap, druivensap, sinaasappelsap, vruchtensap

Derived terms[уреди]

References[уреди]

  1. J. de Vries & F. de Tollenaere, "Etymologisch Woordenboek", Uitgeverij Het Spectrum, Utrecht, 1986 (14de druk)

Anagrams[уреди]


Polish[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

sap

  1. друго лице једнине imperative of sapać

Romani[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Санскрт सर्प (sarpá, snake), from Пра-Индо-Ирански *sarpás.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Phonetik.svg This entry информације о изговору. Ако сте упознати са IPA онда молим Вас додајте нешто!

Noun[уреди]

sap m

  1. snake

Turkish[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Old Turkic sap, from Proto-Turkic.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

sap

  1. shaft

Veps[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

From Proto-Finnic *sappi.

Noun[уреди]

sap

  1. gall (bile)

Volapük[уреди]

Etymology[уреди]

Borrowed from Латински sapiō (I am wise).

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

sap

  1. wisdom

Zhuang[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

  • (Standard Zhuang) МФА(кључ): /θaːp˧˥/
  • Tone numbers: sap7
  • Hyphenation: sap

Etymology 1[уреди]

From Прото-Тај *saːpᴰ (cockroach). Cognate with Тајски สาบ (sàap), Лао ສາບ (sāp), Shan သၢပ်ႇ (sàap).

Noun[уреди]

sap (old orthography sap, Sawndip forms 𫊷)

  1. cockroach

Etymology 2[уреди]

Verb[уреди]

sap (old orthography sap)

  1. to wear shoes with the heels stepping down on the back of the shoes