old

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Такође погледајте: öld, ǫld, øld, 'old, и old-

English language.svg Енглески

Алтернативни облици

Етимологија

Од Средњи Енглески old, ald, од Стари Енглески ald, eald (old, aged, ancient, antique, primeval), од Proto-Germanic *aldaz (grown-up), originally a participle form, од Пра-Индо-Европски *h₂eltós (grown, tall, big). Cognate with Шкотски auld (old), Севернофризски ool, ual, uul (old), Saterland Frisian oold (old), West Frisian âld (old), Холандски oud (old), Low German old (old), Немачки alt (old), Шведски äldre (older, elder), Исландски eldri (older, elder), Латински altus (high, tall, grown big, lofty). Related to eld.

Изговор

Adjective

old (comparative older or elder, superlative oldest or eldest)

an old building.
  1. Of an object, concept, relationship, etc., having existed for a relatively long period of time.
    an old abandoned building;  an old friend
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], OCLC 752825175:
      They burned the old gun that used to stand in the dark corner up in the garret, close to the stuffed fox that always grinned so fiercely. Perhaps the reason why he seemed in such a ghastly rage was that he did not come by his death fairly. Otherwise his pelt would not have been so perfect. And why else was he put away up there out of sight?—and so magnificent a brush as he had too.
    1. Of a living being, having lived for most of the expected years.
      a wrinkled old man
    2. Of a perishable item, having existed for most, or more than its shelf life.
      an old loaf of bread
  2. Of an item that has been used and so is not new (unused).
    I find that an old toothbrush is good to clean the keyboard with.
  3. Having existed or lived for the specified time.
    How old are they? She’s five years old and he's seven. We also have a young teen and a two-year-old child.
    My great-grandfather lived to be a hundred and one years old.
  4. (heading) Of an earlier time.
    1. Former, previous.
      My new car is not as good as my old one.  a school reunion for Old Etonians
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
        The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again; for, even after she had conquered her love for the Celebrity, the mortification of having been jilted by him remained.
      • 1994, Michael Grumley, Life Drawing
        But over my old life, a new life had formed.
    2. That is no longer in existence.
      The footpath follows the route of an old railway line.
    3. Obsolete; out-of-date.
      That is the old way of doing things; now we do it this way.
    4. Familiar.
      When he got drunk and quarrelsome they just gave him the old heave-ho.
    5. (UK) Used to describe a graduate or alumnus of a school, especially a public school.
  5. Tiresome.
    Your constant pestering is getting old.
  6. Said of subdued colors, particularly reds, pinks and oranges, as if they had faded over time.
  7. A grammatical intensifier, often used in describing something positive. (Mostly in idioms like good old, big old and little old, any old and some old.)
    We're having a good old time. My next car will be a big old SUV.My wife makes the best little old apple pie in Texas.
  8. (obsolete) Excessive, abundant.

Синоними

Антоними

Изведени термини

Преводи

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Именица

old pl (plural only)

  1. (with the) People who are old; old beings; the older generation, taken as a group.
    A civilised society should always look after the old in the community.
  2. (in combination) One of a specified age.
    when he was an eight-year-old ; a 62-year-old should

Анаграми


German Low German

Алтернативни облици

Etymology

From Middle Low German ôlt, from Old Saxon ald, from Proto-Germanic *aldaz. The A became an O through the effect of the velarised L in the same manner as in Холандски oud. Cognate with Енглески old, Холандски oud, Немачки alt, West Frisian âld. Ultimately from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₂eltós (grow, nourish), from *h₂el- (grow, nourish).

Pronunciation

Adjective

old (comparative öller, superlative öllst)

  1. old

Declension

Шаблон:nds-decl-adj

Descendants

  • Немачки: oll

Codex of munchen - bible in hungarian.jpg Мађарски

Етимологија

Од Proto-Uralic *aŋa- (to loosen, open (up), untie) [1] + -d (frequentative suffix).[2]

Изговор

Глагол

old

  1. (transitive) to solve
  2. (transitive) to untie

Conjugation

Иведени термини

(With verbal prefixes):

Референце


Middle Low German

Adjective

old

  1. Алтернативно спеловање од ôlt.