animal

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Такође погледајте: Animal и animâl

English language.svg Енглески

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) enPR: ăn'ĭməl, МФА(кључ): /ˈænɪməl/
  • (file)

Etymology 1

From Средњи Енглески animal, from Стари Француски animal, from Латински animal, a nominal use of an adjective from animale, neuter of animālis, from anima (breath, spirit). Displaced native Middle English deor, der (animal) (from Стари Енглески dēor (animal)), Средњи Енглески reother (animal, neat) (from Стари Енглески hrīþer, hrȳþer (neat, ox)).

Noun

animal (plural animals)

  1. (science) A eukaryote of the clade Animalia; a multicellular organism that is usually mobile, whose cells are not encased in a rigid cell wall (distinguishing it from plants and fungi) and which derives energy solely from the consumption of other organisms (distinguishing it from plants).
    A cat is an animal, not a plant. Humans are also animals, under the scientific definition, as we are not plants.
    Синонимs: beast, creature
  2. (loosely) Any member of the kingdom Animalia other than a human.
    Синоним: beast
  3. (loosely, colloquial) Any land-living vertebrate (i.e. not fishes, insects, etc.).
    • 2013 July-August, Henry Petroski, “Geothermal Energy”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 4:
      Ancient nomads, wishing to ward off the evening chill and enjoy a meal around a campfire, had to collect wood and then spend time and effort coaxing the heat of friction out from between sticks to kindle a flame. With more settled people, animals were harnessed to capstans or caged in treadmills to turn grist into meal.
  4. (figuratively) A person who behaves wildly; a bestial, brutal, brutish, cruel, or inhuman person.
    My students are animals.
    Синонимs: brute, monster, savage
  5. (informal) A person of a particular type.
    He's a political animal.
  6. Matter, thing.
    a whole different animal
Hyponyms
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Латински animālis, from either anima (breath, spirit) or animus. Originally distinct from the noun, it became associated with attributive use of the noun and is now indistinguishable from it.

Adjective

animal (not comparable)

  1. Of or relating to animals.
    animal instincts
    Синонимs: beastly, bestial
  2. Raw, base, unhindered by social codes.
    animal passions
    Синонимs: animalistic, beastly, bestial, untamed, wild
  3. Pertaining to the spirit or soul; relating to sensation or innervation.
    • 2003, Roy Porter, Flesh in the Age of Reason (Penguin 2004), page 47:
      To explain what activated the flesh, ‘animal spirits’ were posited, superfine fluids which shuttled between the mind and the vitals, conveying messages and motion.
  4. (slang, Ireland) Excellent
Derived terms
Translations

See also

References

Anagrams


Asturian

Etymology

Borrowed from Латински animal.

Adjective

Шаблон:ast-adj-mf

  1. animal

Noun

animal m (plural animales)

  1. animal

Catalan

Etymology

Borrowed from Латински animal.

Pronunciation

Adjective

animal (masculine and feminine plural animals)

  1. animal

Noun

animal m (plural animals)

  1. animal

Derived terms

Further reading


Cebuano

Etymology 1

From Енглески animal, from Средњи Енглески animal, from Стари Француски animal, from Латински animal, a nominal use of an adjective from animale, neuter of animālis, from anima (breath, spirit).

Noun

animal

  1. animal
  2. (derogatory) a contemptible person
  3. (sometimes humurous), a crazy person

Adjective

animal

  1. (sometimes humurous), crazy
  2. contemptible, deserving contempt
  3. ruthless; without pity or compassion; cruel, pitiless

Etymology 2

From Шпански animal, from Латински animal.

Interjection

animal

  1. (vulgar) used as an expression of disgust, anger, etc.

Map-Francophone World.svg Француски

Etymology

Borrowed from Латински animal. Compare the archaic inherited doublet aumaille and its variant armaille, both from the Latin neuter plural animālia.

Pronunciation

Noun

animal m (plural animaux)

  1. animal
    Синонимs: bête, bestiole

Derived terms

Adjective

animal

  1. animal
    Синоним: bestial
    Antonym: végétal

Further reading

Anagrams


Galician

Etymology

Borrowed from Латински animal.

Adjective

animal m or f (plural animais)

  1. animal

Noun

animal m (plural animais)

  1. animal

Haitian Creole

Etymology

From Француски animal, from Латински animal.

Noun

animal

  1. animal
    Синоним: zannimo

Interlingua

Pronunciation

Noun

animal (plural animales)

  1. animal

Kabuverdianu

Etymology

From Португалски animal.

Noun

animal

  1. beast
  2. animal

Latin.jpg Латински

Etymology

From animāle, nominative neuter singular of animālis.

Pronunciation

Noun

animal

  1. animal
  2. living creature

Declension

Third declension neuter “pure” i-stem..

Case Singular Plural
Nominative animal animālia
Genitive animālis animālium
Dative animālī animālibus
Accusative animal animālia
Ablative animālī animālibus
Vocative animal animālia

Synonyms

Related terms

Descendants

References


Middle English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Стари Француски animal, from Латински animal.

Alternative forms

Noun

animal (plural animales)

  1. An animal (considered to include humans)
Descendants
References

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Латински animālis.

Alternative forms

Adjective

Шаблон:enm-adj

  1. Related to the soul or spirit of a living being (i.e. sentience or sapience)
Descendants
References

Middle French

Noun

animal m (plural animaux or animaulx)

  1. animal
    Синоним: beste

Papiamentu

Etymology

From Португалски animal and Шпански animal.

Noun

animal

  1. beast
  2. animal

Portuguese language.png Португалски

Etymology

Borrowed from Латински animal. Дублети of alimária.

Pronunciation

Шаблон:pt-IPA

  • Риме: (Portugal) -al, (Brazil) -aw
  • Hyphenation: a‧ni‧mal

Adjective

animal

  1. (biology) animal (relating to animals)
    • 2000, Julio S. Inglez de Sousa et al., Enciclopédia agrícola brasileira: E-H, Editora da Universidade de São Paulo, page 225:
      Em anatomia animal o termo é de uso muito comum, []
      The term is very commonly used in animal anatomy, []
  2. (derogatory, of a person) brute (senseless, unreasoning)
  3. (Brazil, colloquial) cool; awesome
    • 2015, Juliana Rosenthal K., Save the Day, Buqui, page 52:
      É, tava animal mesmo — Bia mal consegue falar.
      Yeah, it really was wild — Bia can barely speak.

Inflection

Шаблон:pt-adj-infl

Quotations

За наводе коришћења овог термина, видите Цитати:animal.

Noun

animal m (plural animais)

  1. (biology) animal (any member of the kingdom Animalia)
    • 2020, Petrônio Braz, Léxico dos Gerais, Chiado Books, page 481:
      Primatas — Animais mamíferos, da ordem Primata, que compreende os macacos, antropóides e o homem.
      Primates — Mammalian animals, of the order Primata, which comprises monkeys/apes, anthropoids and man.
  2. (non-scientific usage) animal (an animal other than a human, especially a vertebrate)
    • Daniela Ikawa, Valor humano intrínseco e redistribuição social in 2007, Flávia Piovesan, Daniela Ikawa, Direitos Humanos: Fundamento, Proteção e Implementação, volume 2, Juruá Editora, page 44:
      Separar os dois grupos — humanos e animais requereria, dentro dos limites da teoria relativa à dor e ao sofrimento, []
      Separating the twe groups — humans and animals would require, within the limits of the theory relating to pain and suffering, []
    Синонимs: besta, bicho
  3. (colloquial) twat; idiot; moron
    • 1979, Wilson Bacelar de Oliveira, Os meus fantasmas, Editora Comunicação, page 490:
      Escute aqui, seu animal, então você brigou com o companheiro?
      Listen up, you dumbass, so you fought with [your] mate?
    Синонимs: idiota, retardado, burro, imbecil, débil mental, besta
  4. (colloquial) beast (a cruel person)
    • 2007, Creso Balduíno, O verso do ser, Editora Revan, page 170:
      Josuel é um animal repulsivo, uma besta humana.
      Josuel is a repulsive beast, a human beast.
    Синоним: monstro

Quotations

За наводе коришћења овог термина, видите Цитати:animal.

Derived terms


Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from Француски animal, from Латински animal. Дублети of nămaie.

Pronunciation

Adjective

Шаблон:ro-adj

  1. animal, animalistic
  2. brutal

Declension

Шаблон:ro-adj-4

Adverb

Шаблон:ro-adv

  1. brutally

Noun

animal n (plural animale)

  1. animal

Declension


Romansch

Etymology

Borrowed from Латински animal.

Noun

Шаблон:rm-noun

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, Vallader) animal

Synonyms


Spanish language.svg Шпански

Etymology

Borrowed from Латински animal. See also alimaña, an inherited doublet.

Pronunciation

МФА(кључ): /aniˈmal/

Adjective

animal (plural animals)

  1. animal

Noun

animal m (plural animales)

  1. animal

Derived terms

Related terms

Anagrams

Further reading


Tagalog

Etymology

Borrowed from Шпански animal.

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: a‧ni‧mal
  • МФА(кључ): /ʔaniˈmal/, [ʔɐnɪˈmal]

Noun

animál

  1. beast; brute; creature
    Синонимs: halimaw, hayop
  2. (derogatory) brutish person; inhuman person
    Синонимs: hayop, bruto, bestiya

Derived terms


Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg Tok Pisin

Etymology

From Енглески animal.

Noun

animal

  1. animal (members of Kingdom Animalia that are not humans)
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 1:25:
      God i kamapim ol kain kain animal bilong ples na ol bikpela na liklik animal bilong bus. God i lukim olgeta dispela samting i gutpela, na em i amamas.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    Синоним: abus
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