Jew

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Такође погледајте: jew

English language.svg Енглески

Alternative forms

  • Joo (humorous, informal form)

Etymology

From Средњи Енглески Jew, Giu, Giw, Ju, from Стари Француски juiu, Giu, gyu, from Латински iūdaeus (Judean (i.e. Jew)), from Антички Грчки Ἰουδαῖος (Ioudaîos), from Хебрејски יְהוּדִי(Yehudi). Дублети of Yehudi. Displaced Стари Енглески Iūdēisċ.

Pronunciation

Noun

Jew (plural Jews)

  1. An adherent of Judaism.
    Both Jews and Muslims refrain from eating pork.
    Синоним: Judaist
    Antonyms: gentile, goy
    Hypernyms: Abrahamist, Judeo-Christian, monotheist
    Hyponyms: halakhist, Orthodox Jew, rabbi
  2. A member or descendant of the Jewish people.
    Many Jews eat bagels.
    Синонимs: see Thesaurus:Jew
    Antonyms: gentile, goy
    Hypernyms: Hebrew, Israelite
    Hyponyms: Ashkenazi, Jewess, Mizrahi, Romaniote, Sephardi
  3. (derogatory) A miserly or greedy person; a cheapskate.
    • 2010, Matthew S. Hiley, Hubris Falls, strana 111:
      “Jesus, Williams, you're such a Jew,” Jimmy said in an annoyed, high-pitched tone. “Have you ever just paid a check, or do you always make an ass of yourself?”
  4. (naval, slang) A ship's tailor.

Usage notes

  • There is an archaic plural Jewes.
  • The Jewish community is often defined as having a common religion, culture, identity, and ethnicity, but individual Jews do not necessarily share all of these; therefore, a person might be a Jew by one standpoint but not by another. Additionally, there are some religious groups that identify themselves as part of Judaism, but that other Jewish groups might not; hence, use of the term Jew often depends on the speaker's opinions. See Who is a Jew?.
  • The noun Jew is not colloquially taken to be a slur, and the overwhelming majority of English-speaking Jews use the noun Jew to identify themselves. That said, it has become offensive for historical reasons to use the word Jew attributively, in modifying another noun (as in "Jew lawyer"); the adjective Jewish is preferred for this purpose. Additionally, the derived verbs jew and jew down are considered offensive, as they reflect stereotypes considered offensive.

Coordinate terms

  • (religionists) Baha'i,‎ Buddhist,‎ Christian,‎ Confucianist,‎ deist,‎ Druid,‎ Eckist,‎ heathen,‎ Hindu,‎ Jain,‎ Jew,‎ Muslim,‎ pagan,‎ Rastafarian,‎ Raëlian,‎ Shintoist,‎ Sikh,‎ Taoist,‎ Unitarian Universalist,‎ Wiccan,‎ Zoroastrian (Категорија: en:Религија) [edit]

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Sranan Tongo: Dyu

Translations

Proper noun

Шаблон:en-proper-noun

  1. A презиме​..

Verb

Jew (third-person singular simple present Jews, present participle Jewing, simple past and past participle Jewed)

  1. (chiefly offensive, transitive) To make (more) Jewish.
    • 1991, E. Sicher, The Jewing of Skylock: Wesker's The Merchant” (MLS 21 (1991), 57–69)
    • 2010 август 31, William N. West, Renaissance Drama 38, Northwestern University Press, →ISBN, strana 111:
      Portia's “Jewing” of Shylock has long been noticed by many critics. For an early example see, for example, the anonymous essay “shylock the Jew-ed,” Temple Bar 45 (1875): 65–70. 45. These words have potentially “commercial” etymologies, []
    • 2014 март 15, rebcar...@gmail.com, “Jewing of South Africa”, in soc.culture.israel, Usenet[2]:
      In both cases, the Jews used Blacks as political
      weapons to wreck healthy White countries.
    • 2014 август 19, Noach Dzmura, Balancing on the Mechitza: Transgender in Jewish Community, North Atlantic Books, →ISBN, strana 48:
      Queering the Jew and Jewing the Queer [by] Ri J. Turner. Editor's Note: Interlaced with personal narrative, Ri Turner's essay contributes to an ongoing discussion within Jewish gender studies concerning the relationship between Jewishness and queerness and factors the term genderqueer into both sides of the equation.
  2. (offensive) To haggle or swindle in order to obtain a better deal from.
    • 2009 август 1, Scott Gann, For a Minute, I Lost Myself: The Past and Present of a Schizophrenic, Lulu.com, →ISBN, strana 455:
      I just feel like you are Jewing me out of my money. I never asked you to give me anything the entire time that you were not working. Your mom told me that you got a lot of money from the insurance that Warren gave you.
    • 2013 децембар 13, Frank Meeink; Jody Roy, Autobiography of a Recovering Skinhead: The Frank Meeink Story as Told to Jody M. Roy, Ph.D., Hawthorne Books, →ISBN:
      Then that bastard Keith showed up and did something even worse than Jewing me out of my pay: he blew the living freaking crap out of the one and only stereotype I still had to hold on to. He thanked me for my hard work, []
    • 2020 март 31, Julius Bailey, Racism, Hypocrisy, and Bad Faith: A Moral Challenge to the America I Love, Broadview Press, →ISBN:
      In the neighborhood I grew up in, it was common for haggling over price to include the admonition “stop Jewing me!” Even as children, we would say this. It goes without saying that this was an insensitive term []

Further reading

Anagrams

  • jwé (alphagram ejw)

Middle English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Стари Француски juiu, from Латински iūdaeus, from Антички Грчки Ἰουδαῖος (Ioudaîos), from Хебрејски יְהוּדִי(y'hudí); Дублети of Judew.

Pronunciation

Noun

Jew (plural Jewes)

  1. Jew (member of the Jewish people)
  2. Jew (adherent of Judaism)
  3. Israelite (inhabitant of Biblical Israel)

Declension

Шаблон:enm-decl-noun

Related terms

Descendants

  • Енглески: Jew
  • Шкотски: Jew

References