Jew

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Такође погледајте: jew

English language.svg Енглески

Alternative forms

  • Joo (humorous, informal form)

Etymology

From Средњи Енглески Jew, Giu, Giw, Ju, from Стари Француски juiu, Giu, gyu, from Латински iūdaeus (Judean (i.e. Jew)), from Антички Грчки Ἰουδαῖος (Ioudaîos), from Хебрејски יְהוּדִי(Yehudi). Дублети of Yehudi. Displaced native Old English Iudeisc, formed with Iude and -isc (Literally "Judish").

Pronunciation

Noun

Jew (plural Jews)

  1. An adherent of Judaism.
    Both Jews and Muslims refrain from eating pork.
    Синоним: Judaist
    Antonyms: gentile, goy
    Hypernyms: Abrahamist, Judeo-Christian, monotheist
    Hyponyms: halakhist, Orthodox Jew, rabbi
  2. A member or descendant of the Jewish people.
    Many Jews eat bagels.
    Синонимs: see Thesaurus:Jew
    Antonyms: gentile, goy
    Hypernyms: Hebrew, Israelite
    Hyponyms: Ashkenazi, Jewess, Mizrahi, Romaniote, Sephardi
  3. (derogatory) A miserly or greedy person; a cheapskate.
    • 2010, Matthew S. Hiley, Hubris Falls, strana 111:
      “Jesus, Williams, you're such a Jew,” Jimmy said in an annoyed, high-pitched tone. “Have you ever just paid a check, or do you always make an ass of yourself?”
  4. (naval, slang) A ship's tailor.

Usage notes

  • There is an archaic plural Jewes.
  • The Jewish community is often defined as having a common religion, culture, identity, and ethnicity, but individual Jews do not necessarily share all of these; therefore, a person might be a Jew by one standpoint but not by another. Additionally, there are some religious groups that identify themselves as part of Judaism, but that other Jewish groups might not; hence, use of the term Jew often depends on the speaker's opinions. See Who is a Jew?.
  • The noun Jew is not colloquially taken to be a slur, and the overwhelming majority of English-speaking Jews use the noun Jew to identify themselves. That said, it has become offensive for historical reasons to use the word Jew attributively, in modifying another noun (as in "Jew lawyer"); the adjective Jewish is preferred for this purpose. Additionally, the derived verbs jew and jew down are considered offensive, as they reflect stereotypes considered offensive.

Coordinate terms

  • (religionists) Baha'i,‎ Buddhist,‎ Christian,‎ Confucianist,‎ deist,‎ Druid,‎ Eckist,‎ heathen,‎ Hindu,‎ Jain,‎ Jew,‎ Muslim,‎ pagan,‎ Rastafarian,‎ Raëlian,‎ Shintoist,‎ Sikh,‎ Taoist,‎ Unitarian Universalist,‎ Wiccan,‎ Zoroastrian (Категорија: en:Религија) [edit]

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Sranan Tongo: Dyu

Translations

Proper noun

Шаблон:en-proper-noun

  1. A презиме​.

Further reading

Verb

Jew (third-person singular simple present Jews, present participle Jewing, simple past and past participle Jewed)

  1. (offensive) Alternative letter-case form of jew

Anagrams

  • jwé (alphagram ejw)

Middle English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Стари Француски juiu, from Латински iūdaeus, from Антички Грчки Ἰουδαῖος (Ioudaîos), from Хебрејски יְהוּדִי(y'hudí); Дублети of Judew.

Pronunciation

Noun

Jew (plural Jewes)

  1. Jew (member of the Jewish people)
  2. Jew (adherent of Judaism)
  3. Israelite (inhabitant of Biblical Israel)

Declension

Шаблон:enm-decl-noun

Related terms

Descendants

  • Енглески: Jew
  • Шкотски: Jew

References