筷子

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Кинески[уреди]

chopstick
 
child; son; (noun suff.); small thing; midnight; 11 p.m.-1 a.m.; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch
једн. and трад.
(筷子)

Етимологија[уреди]

The Old Chinese words for "chopsticks" were (OC *das) and (OC *keːb). is preserved in almost all Min dialects (Taiwanese , ; Fuzhou dê̤ṳ) and some other dialects, especially those in some contact with Min; it is also preserved in loans to other languages, e.g. Корејски 젓가락 (jeotgarak), Вијетнамски đũa and Џуанг dawh. Starting from the Ming Dynasty, the change to 筷子 occurred in Mandarin, Wu and some Cantonese dialects. The 15th century book Shuyuan Miscellanies (《菽園雜記》) by Lu Rong (陸容) mentioned this change:

舟行」……,快兒 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
舟行”……,快儿 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
Rú zhōuháng huì “zhù”......, yǐ “zhù” wéi “kuàir” [Pinyin]
As the mariners feared (“to stay”) […], they called (“chopsticks”) 快兒 (lit. "quick").

The bamboo radical () was later added to to form .

Изговор[уреди]


Именица[уреди]

筷子

  1. chopsticks (Класификатор: m c;  m c;  m;  m;  m)
    筷子吃飯 / 筷子吃饭  ―  yòng kuàizi chīfàn  ―  to eat with chopsticks
    一次性筷子  ―  yīcìxìng kuàizi  ―  disposable chopsticks

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