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筷子

Кинески

[уреди]
chopstick
child; son; (noun suffix)
child; son; (noun suffix); small thing; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch; 11 pm-1 am; midnight
 
трад. (筷子)
једн. #(筷子)

Етимологија

[уреди]

The Old Chinese words for "chopsticks" were (OC *das) and (OC *keːb). is preserved in almost all Min dialects (Taiwanese , ; Fuzhou dê̤ṳ) and some other dialects, especially those in some contact with Min; it is also preserved in loans to other languages, e.g.

젓가락 (jeotgarak), Вијетнамски đũa and Zhuang dawh. Starting from the Ming Dynasty, the change to 筷子 occurred in Mandarin, Wu and some Cantonese dialects. The 15th century book Shuyuan Miscellanies (《菽園雜記》《菽园杂记》) by Lu Rong (陸容陆容) mentioned this change:

舟行」……,快兒 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
舟行」……,快儿 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
Rú zhōuháng huì “zhù”......, yǐ “zhù” wéi “kuàir” [Pinyin]
As the mariners feared (“to stay”) […], they called (“chopsticks”) 快兒 (lit. "quick").

The bamboo radical () was later added to to form .

Изговор

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Именица

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筷子

  1. chopsticks (Класификатор: m c;  m c;  m;  m;  m)
    筷子吃飯筷子吃饭  ―  yòng kuàizi chīfàn  ―  to eat with chopsticks
    一次性筷子  ―  yīcìxìng kuàizi  ―  disposable chopsticks

Синоними

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Изведени појмови

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Такође погледајте

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