sketch

Пређи на навигацију Пређи на претрагу
Такође погледајте: Sketch

English language.svg Енглески

A pen sketch (1) of a frog.
A sketch of a scheme.

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Холандски schets, from Италијански schizzo, from Латински schedium, from Антички Грчки σχέδιος (skhédios, made suddenly, off-hand), from σχεδόν (skhedón, near, nearby), from ἔχω (ékhō, I hold). Compare scheme.

Pronunciation

  • МФА(кључ): /skɛtʃ/
  • (file)
  • Риме: -ɛtʃ

Verb

sketch (third-person singular simple present sketchs, present participle sketching, simple past and past participle sketched)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To make a brief, basic drawing.
    I usually sketch with a pen rather than a pencil.
  2. (transitive) To describe briefly and with very few details.
    He sketched the accident, sticking to the facts as they had happened.

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun

sketch (plural sketchs)

  1. A rapidly executed freehand drawing that is not intended as a finished work, often consisting of a multitude of overlapping lines.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter II, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], OCLC 752825175:
      Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out. []. Ikey the blacksmith had forged us a spearhead after a sketch from a picture of a Greek warrior; and a rake-handle served as a shaft.
    • 2012 март 1, Brian Hayes, “Pixels or Perish”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, strana 106:
      Drawings and pictures are more than mere ornaments in scientific discourse. Blackboard sketches, geological maps, diagrams of molecular structure, astronomical photographs, MRI images, the many varieties of statistical charts and graphs: These pictorial devices are indispensable tools for presenting evidence, for explaining a theory, for telling a story.
  2. A rough design, plan, or draft, as a rough draft of a book.
  3. A brief description of a person or account of an incident; a general presentation or outline.
    I have to write a character sketch for a novel study.
  4. A brief, light, or unfinished dramatic, musical, or literary work or idea; especially a short, often humorous or satirical scene or play, frequently as part of a revue or variety show.
    Синоним: skit
    1. A brief musical composition or theme, especially for the piano.
    2. A brief, light, or informal literary composition, such as an essay or short story.
  5. (informal) An amusing person.
  6. (slang, Ireland) A lookout; vigilant watch for something.
    to keep sketch
  7. (UK) A humorous newspaper article summarizing political events, making heavy use of metaphor, paraphrase and caricature.
    • 1901, Sketch: A Journal of Art and Actuality
      A very capable journalist, he wrote the Parliamentary sketch for the Pall Mall and the Westminster Gazette for several years.
    • 1978, Robin Callender Smith, Press law, Sweet and Maxwell
      The Daily Telegraph sketch concentrated on the Bishop's attack and included rebutting remarks from Lord Longford, describing the attack as monumentally unfair because Mr. Cook could not reply.
    • 2012, Andrew Gimson, Boris: The Rise of Boris Johnson, Simon and Schuster →ISBN
      Frank had won a reputation while writing the Times sketch as one of the wittiest writers and talkers in England.
  8. (category theory) A formal specification of a mathematical structure or a data type described in terms of a graph and diagrams (and cones (and cocones)) on it. It can be implemented by means of “models”, which are functors which are graph homomorphisms from the formal specification to categories such that the diagrams become commutative, the cones become limiting (i.e., products), the cocones become colimiting (i.e., sums).

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Немачки: Sketch

Translations

Adjective

sketch (comparative more sketch, superlative most sketch)

  1. (Canada, US, informal) Sketchy, shady, questionable.
    • 2019, Justin Blackburn, The Bisexual Christian Suburban Failure Enlightening Bipolar Blues, strana 28:
      You call at 9 am on a Saturday, lucky I'm even awake. [...] Then expect me to pick you up at a gas station near a loony bin, that's sketch. I don't even want to ask what you're doing.

Further reading


Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from Енглески sketch, from Холандски schets.

Pronunciation

Noun

sketch m (plural sketches, diminutive sketchje n)

  1. sketch, skit (short comic work)

Derived terms


Map-Francophone World.svg Француски

Etymology

Borrowed from Енглески sketch.

Pronunciation

Noun

sketch m (plural sketchs)

  1. sketch, skit (short comic work)

Further reading


Italian language.svg Италијански

Etymology

Borrowed from Енглески sketch from Холандски schets, from Италијански schizzo, from Латински schedium, from Антички Грчки σχέδιος (skhédios, made suddenly, off-hand).

Pronunciation

Noun

sketch m (plural #)

  1. sketch, skit (short comic work)

References



Portuguese language.png Португалски

Etymology

Unadapted borrowing од Енглески sketch.

Noun

sketch m (plural sketches)

  1. Alternative form of esquete
    Синоним: rábula

Spanish language.svg Шпански

Etymology

Unadapted borrowing од Енглески sketch.

Pronunciation

МФА(кључ): /ˈsket͡ʃ/ МФА(кључ): /esˈket͡ʃ/

Noun

sketch m (plural sketches)

  1. sketch (short comic work)

Further reading