ill

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Такође погледајте: 'ill, ill., I'll, и Ill.

English

Etymology

From Средњи Енглески ille (evil; wicked), from Old Norse illr (adj), illa (adverb), ilt (именица) (whence Исландски illur, Норвешки ille, Дански ilde), from Пра-Германски *ilhilaz, from Пра-Индо-Европски *h₁elk- (whence Латински ulcus (sore), Антички Грчки ἕλκος (hélkos, wound, ulcer), Санскрт अर्शस् (árśas, hemorrhoids) (whence Хинди अर्श (arś)).[1]

Pronunciation

  • МФА(кључ): /ɪl/
  • (file)
  • Риме: -ɪl

Adjective

ill (comparative worse or iller or more ill, superlative worst or illest or most ill)

  1. (obsolete) Evil; wicked (of people). [13th-19th c.]Шаблон:tracking/defdate/hyphen
  2. (archaic) Morally reprehensible (of behaviour etc.); blameworthy. [from 13th c.]
    • 1999, George RR Martin, A Clash of Kings, Bantam 2011, p. 2:
      ‘Go bring her. It is ill to keep a lady waiting.’
  3. Indicative of unkind or malevolent intentions; harsh, cruel. [from 14th c.]
    He suffered from ill treatment.
  4. Unpropitious, unkind, faulty, not up to reasonable standard.
    ill manners; ill will
    • 1959, Georgette Heyer, chapter 1, in The Unknown Ajax:
      [] his lordship was out of humour. That was the way Chollacombe described as knaggy an old gager as ever Charles had had the ill-fortune to serve. Stiff-rumped, that's what he was, always rubbing the rust, or riding grub, like he had been for months past.
  5. Unwell in terms of health or physical condition; sick. [from 15th c.]
    I've been ill with the flu for the past few days.
  6. Having an urge to vomit. [from 20th c.]
    Seeing those pictures made me ill.
  7. (hip-hop slang) Sublime, with the connotation of being so in a singularly creative way.
    • 1986, Beastie Boys, License to Ill
    • 1994, Biggie Smalls, The What
      Biggie Smalls is the illest / Your style is played out, like Arnold wonderin "Whatchu talkin bout, Willis?"
  8. (slang) Extremely bad (bad enough to make one ill). Generally used indirectly with to be.
    That band was ill.

Usage notes

  • The comparative worse and superlative worst are the standard forms. The forms iller and illest are also used in American English, but are less than a quarter as frequent as "more" and "most" forms. The forms iller, illest are quite common in the slang sense "sublime".

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Terms derived from ill (adjective)

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

References

  1. Michiel de Vaan, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages, s.v. "ulcus" (Leiden: Brill, 2008), 637.

Adverb

ill (comparative more ill, superlative most ill)

  1. Not well; imperfectly, badly; hardly.
    • 1859, Charles Dickens, The Haunted House
      Within, I found it, as I had expected, transcendently dismal. The slowly changing shadows waved on it from the heavy trees, were doleful in the last degree; the house was ill-placed, ill-built, ill-planned, and ill-fitted.
    • Шаблон:RQ:Schuster Hepaticae
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, p. 541:
      His inflexibility and blindness ill become a leader, for a leader must temper justice with mercy.
    • 2006, Julia Borossa (translator), Monique Canto-Sperber (quoted author), in Libération, 2002 February 2, quoted in Élisabeth Badinter (quoting author), Dead End Feminism, Polity, →ISBN, page 40:
      Is it because this supposes an undifferentiated violence towards others and oneself that I could ill imagine in a woman?

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

ill (plural ills)

  1. (often pluralized) Trouble; distress; misfortune; adversity.
    • William Shakespeare
      That makes us rather bear those ills we have / Than fly to others that we know not of.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 4, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Then he commenced to talk, really talk. and inside of two flaps of a herring's fin he had me mesmerized, like Eben Holt's boy at the town hall show. He talked about the ills of humanity, and the glories of health and Nature and service and land knows what all.
    Music won't solve all the world's ills, but it can make them easier to bear.
  2. Harm or injury.
    I wouldn't want you to do me ill.
  3. Evil; moral wrongfulness.
    • John Dryden
      Strong virtue, like strong nature, struggles still, / Exerts itself, and then throws off the ill.
  4. A physical ailment; an illness.
    I am incapacitated by rheumatism and other ills.
  5. (US, slang) PCP, phencyclidine.

Derived terms

Translations

References

  • Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed., 1989.
  • Random House Webster's Unabridged Electronic Dictionary, 1987-1996.

Further reading

  • ill at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams


Scots

Adjective

ill (comparative waur, superlative warst)

  1. ill
  2. bad, evil, wicked
  3. harsh, severe
  4. profane
  5. difficult, troublesome
  6. awkward, unskilled

Adverb

ill (comparative waur, superlative warst)

  1. ill
  2. badly, evilly, wickedly
  3. harshly, severely
  4. profanely
  5. with difficulty
  6. awkwardly, inexpertly

Noun

ill (plural ills)

  1. ill
  2. ill will, malice

Westrobothnian

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old Norse illr, from Пра-Германски *ilhilaz, from Пра-Индо-Европски * h₁elk-.

Adjective

ill (neuter illt)

  1. evil, bad
    Han iles onga
    The evil one's kids
    Ja har illt i fotom
    I have pain in my feet.
    illt om styvra
    lack of money
    Han har illt uti säg
    He is concerned.
    Han har illt ini säg
    He has stomach pains.
    Ji hav illt hóvudä
    I have a headache.

Derived terms




ill (енглески)


Слогови: {{{1}}}

ill

Изговор:

IPA: [...]  
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Морфолошке варијације:

позитив: ill, компаратив: iller, суперлатив: illest


Значења:

болестан


Преводи

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  • Македонски:
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Сродни чланци са Википедије:

[1] ill

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