bridge

Пређи на навигацију Пређи на претрагу
Такође погледајте: Bridge и bridgé

English language.svg Енглески

A railway bridge (sense 1.1)

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Средњи Енглески brigge, from Стари Енглески brycġ (bridge), from Proto-Germanic *brugjō, *brugjǭ (bridge), from Пра-Индо-Европски *bʰerw-, *bʰrēw- (wooden flooring, decking, bridge).

Cognate with Шкотски brig, brigg, breeg (bridge), Saterland Frisian Brääch (bridge), West Frisian brêge (bridge), Холандски brug (bridge), Немачки Brücke (bridge), Дански bro (bridge) and brygge (wharf), Исландски brú (bridge) and brygga (pier), Gaulish briua (bridge), Српско-Хрватски brv (bridge, crossbar), Old Church Slavonic бръвъно (brŭvŭno, beam) and Руски бревно́ (brevnó, log).

The verb is from Средњи Енглески briggen, from Стари Енглески brycġian (to bridge, make a causeway, pave), derived from the noun. Cognate with Холандски bruggen (to bridge), Middle Low German bruggen (to bridge), Old High German bruccōn (to bridge) (whence Modern German brücken).

Noun

A bridge (sense 1.1)
The bridge (sense 2.1) of a warship
The bridge (sense 2.2) of a violin

bridge (plural bridges)

  1. A construction or natural feature that spans a divide.
    1. A construction spanning a waterway, ravine, or valley from an elevated height, allowing for the passage of vehicles, pedestrians, trains, etc.
      The rope bridge crosses the river.
      • Шаблон:RQ:Churchill Celebrity
      • 2013 јун 29, “High and wet”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, strana 28:
        Floods in northern India, mostly in the small state of Uttarakhand, have wrought disaster on an enormous scale. The early, intense onset of the monsoon on June 14th swelled rivers, washing away roads, bridges, hotels and even whole villages. Rock-filled torrents smashed vehicles and homes, burying victims under rubble and sludge.
    2. (anatomy) The upper bony ridge of the human nose.
      Rugby players often break the bridge of their noses.
    3. (dentistry) A prosthesis replacing one or several adjacent teeth.
      The dentist pulled out the decayed tooth and put in a bridge.
    4. (bowling) The gap between the holes on a bowling ball
  2. An arch or superstructure.
    1. (nautical) An elevated platform above the upper deck of a mechanically propelled ship from which it is navigated and from which all activities on deck can be seen and controlled by the captain, etc; smaller ships have a wheelhouse, and sailing ships were controlled from a quarterdeck.
      The first officer is on the bridge.
    2. (music, lutherie) The piece, on string instruments, that supports the strings from the sounding board.
    3. (billiards, snooker, pool) A particular form of one hand placed on the table to support the cue when making a shot in cue sports.
    4. (billiards, snooker, pool) A cue modified with a convex arch-shaped notched head attached to the narrow end, used to support a player's (shooter's) cue for extended or tedious shots. Also called a spider.
    5. Anything supported at the ends and serving to keep some other thing from resting upon the object spanned, as in engraving, watchmaking, etc., or which forms a platform or staging over which something passes or is conveyed.
    6. (wrestling) A defensive position in which the wrestler is supported by his feet and head, belly-up, in order to prevent touch-down of the shoulders and eventually to dislodge an opponent who has established a position on top.
    7. (gymnastics) A similar position in gymnastics.
  3. A connection, real or abstract.
    • 1964, Truman, Harry S., MP2002-479 Former President Truman Recalls Negotiating With DeGaulle and France after WWII[1], Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum, National Archives Identifier: 595162, 0:18 from the start:
      Yes, France is geographically situated in a key position so far as Western Europe is concerned. They are really the bridge between Germany, Spain and Italy. And it was necessary to have a NATO organization that was unified and France was a necessary member of that organization.
    1. (medicine) A rudimentary procedure before definite solution
      ECMO is used as a bridge to surgery to stabilize the patient.
    2. (computing) A device which connects two or more computer buses, typically in a transparent manner.
      This chip is the bridge between the front-side bus and the I/O bus.
    3. (programming) A software component connecting two or more separate systems.
      • 2011, Thord Daniel Hedengren, Smashing WordPress Themes: Making WordPress Beautiful
        The plugin also acts as a bridge with BuddyPress and adds things like the top admin bar, and so on.
    4. (networking) A system which connects two or more local area networks at layer 2 of OSI model.
      The LAN bridge uses a spanning tree algorithm.
    5. (chemistry) An intramolecular valence bond, atom or chain of atoms that connects two different parts of a molecule; the atoms so connected being bridgeheads.
    6. (electronics) An unintended solder connection between two or more components or pins.
    7. (music) A contrasting section within a song that prepares for the return of the original material section.
      The lyrics in the song's bridge inverted its meaning.
      In the bridge of his 2011 song "It Will Rain", Bruno Mars begs his lover not to "say goodbye."
    8. (graph theory) An edge which, if removed, changes a connected graph to one that is not connected.
    9. (poetry) A point in a line where a break in a word unit cannot occur.
    10. (diplomacy) A statement, such as an offer, that signals a possibility of accord.
    11. A day falling between two public holidays and consequently designated as an additional holiday.
  4. (electronics) Any of several electrical devices that measure characteristics such as impedance and inductance by balancing different parts of a circuit
  5. A low wall or vertical partition in the fire chamber of a furnace, for deflecting flame, etc.; a bridge wall.
  6. (cycling) The situation where a lone rider or small group of riders closes the space between them and the rider or group in front.
  7. A solid crust of undissolved salt in a water softener.
  8. (roller derby) An elongated chain of teammates, connected to the pack, for improved blocking potential.
Derived terms
Terms derived from bridge (etymology 1)
Translations

Verb

bridge (third-person singular simple present bridges, present participle bridgeing, simple past and past participle bridgeed)

  1. To be or make a bridge over something.
    With enough cable, we can bridge this gorge.
  2. To span as if with a bridge.
    • 2012, Christoper Zara, Tortured Artists: From Picasso and Monroe to Warhol and Winehouse, the Twisted Secrets of the World's Most Creative Minds, part 1, chapter 1, Шаблон:gbooks:
      The brooding, black-clad singer bridged a stark divide that emerged in the recording industry in the 1950s, as post-Elvis pop singers diverged into two camps and audiences aligned themselves with either the sideburned rebels of rock 'n' roll or the cowboy-hatted twangsters of country music.
    The two groups were able to bridge their differences.
  3. (music) To transition from one piece or section of music to another without stopping.
    We need to bridge that jam into "The Eleven".
  4. (computing, communication) To connect two or more computer buses, networks etc. with a bridge.
  5. (wrestling) To go to the bridge position.
  6. (roller derby) To employ the bridge tactic. (See Noun section.)
Translations

Etymology 2

Енглески Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија en

From the earlier form (name of an older card game) biritch, probably from Руски бири́ч (biríč) (per the OED), or else from Турски bir-üç, "one-three".[1][2]

Noun

bridge (uncountable)

  1. (card games) A card game played with four players playing as two teams of two players each.
    Bidding is an essential element of the game of bridge.
Translations

References

  1. "bridge." *OED 2nd edition. 1989. (online)
  2. bridge” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2022.

Anagrams


Basque

Etymology

Borrowed from Енглески bridge.

Noun

Шаблон:eu-noun

  1. (card games) bridge (card game)

Catalan

Каталонски Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија ca

Etymology

Borrowed from Енглески bridge.

Noun

bridge m (plural bridges)

  1. (card games) bridge (card game)

Danish

Дански Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија da

Etymology

From Енглески bridge.

Pronunciation

Noun

bridge c (singular definite bridgen, not used in plural form)

  1. bridge (a card game)

Inflection

Шаблон:da-noun-infl-unc-base


Dutch

Холандски Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија nl

Etymology

Borrowed from Енглески bridge.

Pronunciation

Noun

bridge n (uncountable)

  1. bridge (card game)

Derived terms

Related terms


Faroese

Etymology

From Енглески bridge.

Noun

bridge ?

  1. (card games) bridge (card game)

Finnish

Фински Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија fi

Etymology

From Енглески bridge.

Pronunciation

Шаблон:fi-pronunciation

Noun

bridge

  1. (card games) bridge

Declension

Inflection of bridge (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative bridge bridget
genitive bridgen bridgejen
partitive bridgeä bridgejä
illative bridgeen bridgeihin
singular plural
nominative bridge bridget
accusative nom. bridge bridget
gen. bridgen
genitive bridgen bridgejen
bridgeinrare
partitive bridgeä bridgejä
inessive bridgessä bridgeissä
elative bridgestä bridgeistä
illative bridgeen bridgeihin
adessive bridgellä bridgeillä
ablative bridgeltä bridgeiltä
allative bridgelle bridgeille
essive bridgenä bridgeinä
translative bridgeksi bridgeiksi
instructive bridgein
abessive bridgettä bridgeittä
comitative bridgeineen
Possessive forms of bridge (type nalle)
possessor singular plural
1st person bridgeni bridgemme
2nd person bridgesi bridgenne
3rd person bridgensä

Compounds


French

Француски Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија fr

Etymology

From Енглески bridge.

Pronunciation

Noun

bridge m (uncountable)

  1. (card games) bridge
  2. (dentistry, France) bridge
    Lua грешка in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:parse utilities' not found.

Further reading


Indonesian

Индонезијски Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија id

Etymology

Borrowed from Енглески bridge.

Noun

bridge

  1. (card games) bridge (card game)

Italian

Италијански Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија it

Etymology

Borrowed from Енглески bridge.

Pronunciation

Noun

bridge m (plural #)

  1. (card games) bridge (card game)

Derived terms

References



Limburgish

Etymology

Borrowed from Енглески bridge.

Noun

Шаблон:li-noun

  1. (card games) bridge (card game)

Norwegian Bokmål

Норвешки Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија no

Etymology

From Енглески bridge

Noun

Шаблон:nb-noun-mu

  1. bridge (card game)

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Norwegian Nynorsk Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија nn

Etymology

From Енглески bridge.

Noun

Шаблон:nn-noun-mu

  1. (card games) bridge

References


Portuguese

Португалски Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија pt

Etymology

From Енглески bridge

Pronunciation

Шаблон:pt-IPA

Noun

bridge m (uncountable)

  1. (card games) bridge

Romanian

Румунски Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија ro

Etymology

Unadapted borrowing од Енглески bridge.

Noun

bridge n (plural bridge-uri)

  1. (card games) bridge (card game)
  2. a game of bridge

Declension


Saterland Frisian

Saterland Frisian Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија stq

Etymology

Borrowed from Енглески bridge.

Noun

Шаблон:stq-noun

  1. (card games) bridge (card game)

Sicilian

Sicilian Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија scn

Etymology

Borrowed from Енглески bridge.

Noun

bridge ?

  1. (card games) bridge (card game)

Spanish

Шпански Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија es

Etymology

Borrowed from Енглески bridge.

Pronunciation

МФА(кључ): /ˈbɾit͡ʃ/

Noun

bridge m (uncountable)

  1. (card games) bridge (card game)

Further reading


Swedish

Шведски Википедија има чланак на:
Википедија sv

Etymology

From Енглески.

Noun

bridge c

  1. (card games) bridge (card game)

Declension

Шаблон:sv-noun-unc-irreg-c

Derived terms


Welsh

Etymology

Borrowed from Енглески bridge.

Pronunciation

Noun

Шаблон:cy-noun

  1. (card games) bridge (card game)


bridge (енглески)

Изговор:

IPA: [...]  
Аудио: Loudspeaker.svgnoicon(датотека)

Морфолошке варијације:

bridge, множина: bridges

Значења: {{{1}}}

[1] мост

Преводи

Преводи

  • Бошњачки:
  • Есперанто:
  • Италијански:
  • Македонски:
  • Немачки:
  • Руски:
  • Словеначки:
  • Француски:
  • Хрватски:
  • Шпански:

Сродни чланци са Википедије:

[1] bridge

Сличне речи: