仮名

Извор: Викиречник
Иди на навигацију Иди на претрагу

Japanese[уреди]

Etymology 1[уреди]

Kanji in this term
か(り)
Степен: 5

Степен: 1
kun’yomi

From Стари Јапански. Compound of (kari, borrowing; provisional thing, cognate with verb 借る karu, “to borrow”, the Стари Јапански form of modern 借りる kariru) +‎ (na, name, character), from the way that Chinese characters were borrowed for their phonetic values to spell out the sounds of native Japanese words.[1][2]

In contrast to 真名 (mana, true name, true character), a synonym for 漢字 (kanji), indicating Chinese characters used for the meaning instead of for their sound.[1][2]

Alternative forms[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

仮名 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 假名, hiragana かりな, rōmaji karina)

  1. a category of Japanese syllabary scripts: kana
  2. a syllabogram, an individual character belonging to one of the syllabaries: kana
  3. a temporary name, an alias
Synonyms[уреди]
Antonyms[уреди]

Etymology 2[уреди]

Kanji in this term
かり > かん
Степен: 5

Степен: 1
Irregular

/karina//kanna/

Contraction of karina above.

Alternative forms[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

仮名 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 假名, hiragana かんな, rōmaji kanna)

  1. a category of Japanese syllabary scripts: kana
  2. a syllabogram, an individual character belonging to one of the syllabaries: kana

Etymology 3[уреди]

Kanji in this term

Степен: 5

Степен: 1
Irregular

/karina//kanna//kana/

Contraction of kanna above. The reading may appear to be jūbakoyomi, but is instead actually an irregular development of the kun'yomi.

Alternative forms[уреди]

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

仮名 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 假名, hiragana かな, rōmaji kana)

  1. a category of Japanese syllabary scripts: kana
  2. a syllabogram, an individual character belonging to one of the syllabaries: kana
    • Шаблон:RQ:Nippo Jisho
      Cana. カナ (仮名・仮字) 日本の文字の一種. Cananiyù. (仮名に言ふ) 皆の人がわかるように, やさしく話す.
Derived terms[уреди]

Etymology 4[уреди]

Kanji in this term

Степен: 5
めい
Степен: 1
on’yomi

From Средњи Кинески 假名 (X mjieng, literally borrowed; false + name). Kan'on, so probably a somewhat later borrowing from Chinese. Compare modern Кантонски reading gaa2 meng4-2.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

仮名 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 假名, hiragana かめい, rōmaji kamei)

  1. an assumed name: an alias, sobriquet, pen name
Synonyms[уреди]
Antonyms[уреди]

Etymology 5[уреди]

Kanji in this term

Степен: 5
みょう
Степен: 1
on’yomi

/kemjau//kemjɔː//kemjoː/

From Средњи Кинески 假名 (X mjieng, literally borrowed; false + name). Goon, so probably an earlier borrowing from Chinese. Compare modern Мин Нан reading ké-miâ.

The Buddhist sense derives from use of this term in Chinese as a translation of the Санскрт term प्रज्ञप्ति (prajñapti, appointing → provisional naming), used in some Buddhist schools to refer to the practice of conceptualising and naming things that are not real.

Pronunciation[уреди]

Noun[уреди]

仮名 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 假名, hiragana けみょう, rōmaji kemyō, historical hiragana けみやう)

  1. an assumed name: an alias, sobriquet, pen name
  2. in feudal Japan, a public name given to boys upon coming of age, after which their birth names would be kept private
  3. a provisional name given to someone when the real name is unknown: compare English Jane Doe, John Doe
  4. (Buddhism) the conceptualisation and provisional naming of things that are not real; something so named
Synonyms[уреди]
Antonyms[уреди]

References[уреди]

  1. 1,0 1,1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 2,3 2,4 2,5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3,0 3,1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. 4,0 4,1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN